Neonatal hearing screening: Our experiences at a tertiary care teaching hospital of eastern India

Conclusion: Neonatal hearing screening will change the scenario of congenital deafness identification and its management. These methods are efficient and cost-effective way to identify the deafness among neonates. The strict implementation of neonatal hearing screening in developing country like India will help to screen and decrease the drop out of the neonates in their first stage of hearing assessment in their life.
Source: Pediatria Polska - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Conclusion and Significance: The removal of abnormalities, such as the loss of the eardrum (iatrogenic), changes to the lining and adhesions other than those typical of otosclerosis, restores middle ear mechanics after a stapedotomy on the inner ear and leads to a measurable improvement in mean bone conduction values. PMID: 32223484 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Acta Otolaryngol Source Type: research
Authors: Ontario Health (Quality) Abstract Background: Single-sided deafness refers to profound sensorineural hearing loss or non-functional hearing in one ear, with normal or near-normal hearing in the other ear. Its hallmark is the inability to localize sound and hear in noisy environments. Conductive hearing loss occurs when there is a mechanical problem with the conduction of sound vibrations. Mixed hearing loss is a combination of sensorineural and conductive hearing loss. Conductive and mixed hearing loss, which frequently affect both ears, create additional challenges in learning, employment, and quality of...
Source: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series - Category: General Medicine Tags: Ont Health Technol Assess Ser Source Type: research
We report a genetic assessment of autosomal dominant, nonsyndromic, progressive sensorineural hearing loss in a Chinese family, combining whole-exome sequencing and genome-wide linkage analysis. A novel missense mutation, c.626G > C, in the SCD5 gene was identified in this family. The heterozygous missense mutation could segregate hearing loss cases among family members, and was predicted to be deleterious by Polyphen-2, LRT and Mutation Taster. SCD5 is an endoplasmic reticulum enzyme, catalyzing the formation of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) from saturated fatty acids (SFAs). It plays a crucial role in regula...
Source: European Journal of Medical Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Eur J Med Genet Source Type: research
We report 4 prelingually deaf children (mean age = 10.5; SD = 1.08), affected by a genetically determined bilateral deafness, due to GJB2 gene mutation Cx26. Each implanted child underwent a systematic assessment of speech perception and production, as well as of lexical, morphologic, and syntactic skills in both comprehension and production. Notwithstanding similar clinical histories and similarly good postimplant pure-tone audiometry, two of the four children fared very poorly in speech audiometry, whereas the other two children gained very good results. We suggest that the language impairment detected in (some) i...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Conclusion: The reduction of tinnitus in the current ABI subject may be attributable to partial peripheral reafferentation-induced deactivation of the parahippocampus-based tinnitus generator as well as the salience network. Further validation is required by the use of a follow-up study with a larger number of subjects.
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: AUDIOLOGY Source Type: research
In this study, we generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patient with homozygous V37I mutation. This iPSC line will be a powerful tool for investigating the pathogenesis and for developing a treatment for GJB2-related hearing loss.
Source: Stem Cell Research - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
ConclusionPatients with partial deafness not only have a better cochlea but also better vestibular function, which needs to be protected. In summary, the better the low frequency residual hearing, the better the vestibular status.ResumoIntroduçãoAs células ciliadas da cóclea e do vestíbulo estão intimamente ligadas e podem ser suscetíveis aos mesmos fatores nocivos. A relação entre suas funções tem sido um campo de investigação há muito tempo. As indicações para implante coclear foram ampliadas e agora incluem os...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Abhiruchi Galhotra, Preeti SahuIndian Journal of Community Medicine 2019 44(4):299-302 Hearing is the key to learning spoken language, performing academically, and engaging socially for children. Degree of hearing loss quantifies the hearing ability from mild to profound, based on the audiometric findings for an individual across certain frequencies or pitches. Early identification and appropriate intervention is the prime need. A probable strategy is to ensure that every newborn is screened for possible hearing loss at the birth in the hospital. In India, hearing screening facility is mostly available to newborns brought...
Source: Indian Journal of Community Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: In the early postoperative period, complete HP was possible in a majority of patients from both groups, but slightly better HP outcomes were achieved by Flex20. In the long term, the length of the electrodes does not affect the degree of HP or speech understanding.
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: COCHLEAR IMPLANTS Source Type: research
Abstract The tuning fork tests have been under attack since their first use in clinical examination. However, the tuning fork is small and fits into every white coat, and tuning fork tests for hearing are easy, accurate and inexpensive. They should be used in patients with an acute unilateral hearing loss if an electric audiometer is not available. After more than 100 years, the tuning fork is not obsolete; tuning fork tests are a very useful if used correctly and for the appropriate indication. PMID: 31444233 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Practical Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Pract Neurol Source Type: research
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