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Favorable residual stress induction by resin-cementation on dental porcelain

In this study we explore whether shrinkage stresses generated on photo-polymerisation of the resin-cement are sufficient to induce ceramic surface defect stabilization, and we quantify the transient nature of the induced stresses.
Source: Dental Materials - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Within the limits of this review, retaining deciduous teeth have reasonable survival; however, studies beyond the third decade of life are lacking. Dental implants appear to be a highly successful long-term tooth replacement option with high patient satisfaction within this patient group, as have resin-bonded bridgework, albeit over the short to medium term. Tooth replacement options in the form of fixed and removable partial dentures were poorly reported upon. PMID: 29461745 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Community Dental Health - Category: Dentistry Tags: Community Dent Health Source Type: research
We describe a very rare case of concurrent variant type 3 autoimmune polyglandular syndrome (APS) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). A previously healthy 65-year-old Japanese woman was referred to our university hospital with a 2-month history of general fatigue and hyperglycemia. Laboratory tests revealed severe hyperglycemia (plasma glucose 543 mg/dL and HbA1c 10.7%) with ketonuria (3+). Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and IA-2 antibodies were positive, and the serum C peptide level was markedly decreased to 0.2 ng/mL. Accordingly, type 1 diabetes was diagnosed. Hashimoto's thyroiditis was also diagnosed becaus...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
Key Clinical Message Abnormal adrenal findings such as hemorrhage or calcifications in the neonate can stem from a variety of etiologies. Clinical presentation can vary significantly based on the degree of hemorrhage or the associated condition. Thorough work‐up is important to rule out critical underlying conditions as well as adrenal insufficiency. Abnormal adrenal findings such as hemorrhage or calcifications in the neonate can stem from a variety of etiologies. Clinical presentation can vary significantly based on the degree of hemorrhage or the associated condition. Thorough work‐up is important to rule out criti...
Source: Clinical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Summary ObjectiveDual‐release hydrocortisone (DR‐HC) provides physiological cortisol exposure, leading to an improvement of anthropometric and metabolic parameters. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of DR‐HC on insulin secretion and sensitivity and cardiometabolic risk, indirectly expressed by the visceral adiposity index (VAI). Design and PatientsRetrospective analysis of 49 patients, 13 with primary and 36 with secondary adrenal insufficiency (AI), respectively, on conventional glucocorticoid treatment at baseline and switched to DR‐HC for 36 months. Overall, 24 patients had AI‐pre–dia...
Source: Clinical Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: We found that outcomes from ACTH testing are not affected by time of day. Furthermore, using a 30-min cortisol level in isolation results in more than one in seven patients having a false positive diagnosis of AI; a 60-min value of ≥500 nmol/L alone may be sufficient to diagnose AI in>99% of cases. PMID: 29458002 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Clin Biochem Source Type: research
We thank Dr. Wax for his response to our recent article on perioperative steroid management.1 Since the publication of our article, we have received several queries regarding the use of dexamethasone as a perioperative stress-dose steroid and appreciate the opportunity to further address this topic. As Dr. Wax aptly notes, dexamethasone has significantly more glucocorticoid potency than hydrocortisone, has no mineralocorticoid effect, and can be clinically effective in the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Indeed, the recommended antiemetic dose of dexamethasone (4  mg) has at least the same glucocort...
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 February 2018 Source:Journal of the Formosan Medical Association Author(s): Wan-Chieh Shen, Chung-Hsing Chang
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: Using LCMSMS, cutoff levels for cortisol and 17-OHP after cosyntropin stimulation are lower than those based on immunoassays, possibly since cross-reactivity between steroid intermediates and cortisol is eliminated. This reduces the number of false positive tests for AI and false negative test for NCCAH. PMID: 29452421 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
Saranya George, Anita BalanIndian Journal of Dental Research 2018 29(1):107-108Topical corticosteroids are some of the most common drugs used in oral medicine for treating atrophic and erosive lesions that affect the mucosa. Adverse effects of these drugs include oral candidiasis with associated burning mouth and hypogeusia, hypersensitive reactions to the drug, and inhibition of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis and secondary adrenal insufficiency. The ocular side effects of oral topical steroids are less documented. This short communication describes a case of central serous retinopathy that developed f...
Source: Indian Journal of Dental Research - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
Condition:   Adrenal Insufficiency Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: Cardiovascular evaluation Sponsor:   Wuerzburg University Hospital Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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