O-2-6-15. Immediate effects of anodal tDCS combined with patterned electrical stimulation on gait performance in patients with stroke

This study aimed to examine the immediate effects of anodal tDCS combined with PES on gait performance in patients with stroke. Twelve patients with subacute stroke participated in this double-masked, sham-controlled cross-over study. They randomly participated in the following sessions on separate days: (1) anodal tDCS+PES; (2) anodal tDCS+sham PES; (3) sham tDCS+PES.
Source: Clinical Neurophysiology - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Psychosocial factors are associated with pain early after stroke and SCI. Psychosocial factors are also associated with pain outcomes several months after stroke and SCI. This highlights the importance of psychosocial factors in both of these populations and their relationship with pain outcomes. PMID: 31796705 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research
AbstractMany neurological diseases may cause acute respiratory failure (ARF) due to involvement of bulbar respiratory center, spinal cord, motoneurons, peripheral nerves, neuromuscular junction, or skeletal muscles. In this context, respiratory emergencies are often a challenge at home, in a neurology ward, or even in an intensive care unit, influencing morbidity and mortality. More commonly, patients develop primarily ventilatory impairment causing hypercapnia. Moreover, inadequate bulbar and expiratory muscle function may cause retained secretions, frequently complicated by pneumonia, atelectasis, and, ultimately, hypoxe...
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
The American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine (ACRM) offers an opportunity for members to be the guest editor of a Supplement to its journal, the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Archives). The goal of the ACRM supplements is to publish high quality scientific manuscripts, which are thematically organized and of interest to ACRM members and to the general readership of the Archives. We are interested in proposals in all fields of rehabilitation, but especially those of interest to the ACRM membership as indicated by the existence of special interest and networking groups for brain injury, spinal cord in...
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Organization news Source Type: research
Background: Thiazide diuretics may improve bone mineral density. However, results are inconsistent for studies evaluating the association between thiazides and risk of osteoporotic fracture. We performed an updated meta-analysis of cohort studies to determine the association between thiazides use and fracture risk.Methods: Relevant studies were identified via systematic search of PubMed and Embase. A random-effect model was used for meta-analysis. Subgroup analyses were performed to explore the potential influences of study characteristics on the outcome.Results: Seventeen cohort studies with 3,537,504 participants were in...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study suggests that orthotic treatment is needed with high frequency in a mixed inpatient neurorehabilitation cohort. In terms of service planning, these data support existing the recommendation that neurological rehabilitation centres should have good access to orthotic services.Implications for rehabilitationCustom orthoses such as AFOs and KAFOs are frequently needed by neurological rehabilitation inpatients.Orthoses may facilitate standing and walking at an earlier stage during rehabilitation.Those responsible for neurological rehabilitation services should ensure appropriate access to orthotic servic...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
Abstract Stroke is the leading cause of adult disability. Spontaneous functional recovery occurs after ischemic stroke, but it is very limited. Therefore, it is urgent to find a strategy to promote functional recovery after stroke in clinical setting. Gray matter damage has received extensive attention owing to the important roles of the gray matter in synaptic plasticity, cognitive, and motor function. However, stroke also causes white matter damage, which accounts for half of the infarct volume and can be aggravated by blood brain barrier damage. Disruption of white matter integrity, which is characterized by de...
Source: Biochemical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biochem Pharmacol Source Type: research
Conclusions There is weak evidence for a positive effect of short-term whole-body vibration training on spasticity of lower limbs, mobility, balance, and postural control. Besides, positive effect of the long-term effect of whole-body vibration training on mobility in patients with neurological disorders. The optimal whole-body vibration training parameters in treating patients with neurological disorders remain unclear.
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Journal of Neuroscience MethodsAuthor(s): Brittanie Partridge, John H. RossmeislAbstractClinical translation of novel therapeutics that improve the survival and quality of life of patients with neurological disease remains a challenge, with many investigational drug and device candidates failing in advanced stage clinical trials. Naturally occurring inherited and acquired neurological diseases, such as epilepsy, inborn errors of metabolism, brain tumors, spinal cord injury, and stroke occur frequently in companion animals, and many of these share epidemiologic, pat...
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Methods - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Abstract Regeneration after spinal cord injury is a goal of many studies. Although the most obvious target is to recover motor function, restoration of sensation can also improve the quality of life after spinal cord injury. For many patients, recovery of sensation in the perineal and genital area is a high priority. Currently there is no experimental test in rodents for measuring changes in sensation in the perineal and genital area after spinal cord injury. The aim of our study was to develop a behavioural test for measuring the sensitivity of the perineal and genital area in rats. We have modified the tape remo...
Source: Experimental Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Exp Neurol Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo characterize left ventricular diastolic function during an exertional challenge in adults with incomplete cervical spinal cord Injury (icSCI).MethodsIn this cross-sectional study, a two-group convenience sample was used to compare left ventricular LV diastolic performance during a 5 –10 W·min−1 incremental arm ergometer exercise protocol, using bioimpedance cardiography. Subjects were eight males with cervical incomplete spinal cord injury (icSCI; C5-C7: age 39  ± 14 years) versus eight able-bodied males (CON: age 38 ± 13 years). Left ventricula...
Source: European Journal of Applied Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
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