Combining Immunotherapy Agents in NSCLC: Is MYSTIC a Misstep? Combining Immunotherapy Agents in NSCLC: Is MYSTIC a Misstep?

Though they have received a lot of hype as the heir apparent in lung cancer therapy, the early signals on combining immunotherapies are not reassuring, cautions Dr Jack West.Medscape Oncology
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Hematology-Oncology Commentary Source Type: news

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Conclusion: Maintenance therapy in NSCLC continues to be an important therapeutic line to improve outcome in patients with metastatic and recurrent disease.
Source: Current Cancer Therapy Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, CAR vectors were constructed and transfected into virus-packaging cells. Then, activated T cells were infected with retrovirus harvested from stable virus-producing single clone cell lines. CAR expression on the surfaces of the T cells was detected by flow cytometry andWestern blot. The function of CAR-T targeting EGFRvIII was then evaluated. The EGFRvIII-CAR vector was successfully constructed and confirmed by DNA sequencing. A stable virus-producing cell line was produced from a single clone by limited dilution. The culture conditions for the cell line, including cell density, temperature, and culture medi...
Source: Frontiers of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractImmunotherapy has become the fourth cancer therapy after surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. In particular, immune checkpoint inhibitors are proved to be unprecedentedly in increasing the overall survival rates of patients with refractory cancers, such as advanced melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, and renal cell carcinoma. However, inhibitor therapies are only effective in a small proportion of patients with problems, such as side effects and high costs. Therefore, doctors urgently need reliable predictive biomarkers for checkpoint inhibitor therapies to choose the optimal therapies. Here, we review the bi...
Source: Frontiers of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: De Marinis F, Barberis M, Barbieri V, Marchianò A, Gasparini S, Migliorino MR, Romano G, Spinnato F, Vitiello F, Gridelli C Abstract INTRODUCTION: In the era of personalized cancer therapy, the sampling of adequate tumor tissue for histologic diagnosis and genomic profiling is crucial, not only at the initial diagnosis but also in the event of resistant and recurrent disease when sequential biopsies may be required to evaluate somatic mutations and histologic changes. Areas covered: The identification of genetic driver alterations led to the selection of patients who are most likely to benefit from ...
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research
We present a comprehensive knowledge of immune therapy through PD-1/PD-L1 blockade that argues how efficient the process is, in colon cancer carcinoma. In this review, we discuss the responsiveness of immunotherapy on PD-1/PD-L1 blockade and various tactics for overcoming weak responses to these checkpoint inhibitors in CRC. More research using controlled trials is required to enable new discoveries to provide continued success with immune-based therapies and grounds for optimism about the future of CRC patients.Graphical abstractThe mechanism of interaction between PD-1+ T-cells and PD-L1/2+ tumor cells.
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
We present a comprehensive knowledge of immune therapy through PD-1/PD-L1 blockade that argues how efficient the process is, in colon cancer carcinoma. In this review, we discuss the responsiveness of immunotherapy on PD-1/PD-L1 blockade and various tactics for overcoming weak responses to these checkpoint inhibitors in CRC. More research using controlled trials is required to enable new discoveries to provide continued success with immune-based therapies and grounds for optimism about the future of CRC patients. PMID: 30522017 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis case series represents the first description of potential skeletal adverse effects related to immune checkpoint inhibitors. These findings are important for providers caring for patients who experience musculoskeletal symptoms and may merit additional evaluation.
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Rybarczyk-Kasiuchnicz A, Ramlau R Abstract Lung cancer is the main cause of cancer-related deaths in Poland. Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) are a new group of agents for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Determining the predictive value of activating mutations in the EGFR and ROS-1 genes and ALK rearrangement in non-small-cell lung cancer has enabled the identification of patients likely to achieve true clinical benefits. EGFR-TKIs may produce objective response in more than 60% of patients and prolong progression-free survival to 10 months in mutation-posit...
Source: Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Kardiochir Torakochirurgia Pol Source Type: research
Authors: Oliveres H, Caglevic C, Passiglia F, Taverna S, Smits E, Rolfo C Abstract Despite new advances in therapeutics, lung cancer remains the first cause of mortality among different types of malignancies. To improve survival, different strategies have been developed such as chemotherapy combinations, targeted therapies and more recently immunotherapy. Immunotherapy is based on the capability of the immune system to differentiate cancer cells from normal cells to fight against the tumor. The two main checkpoint inhibitors that have been widely studied in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are PD-1/PD-L1 and CTLA...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundThe clinical efficacy observed with inhibitors of programed cell death 1/programed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1/PD-1) in cancer therapy has prompted studies to characterize the immune response in several tumor types, including lung cancer. However, the immunological profile of non –small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) is not yet fully characterized, and it may be therapeutically important. The aim of this retrospective study was to characterize and quantify PD-L1/PD-1 expression and tumor-associated immune cells (TAICs) in surgically resected NSCLCs from patien...
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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