Skewing the aim of targeted cancer therapies

(Georgia Institute of Technology) The aim of targeted gene-based cancer therapies could often be skewed from the start. A widespread concept about how cells produce proteins proved incorrect 62 percent of the time in a new study in ovarian cancer cells on the relationship between RNA and protein levels.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Authors: Chen Y, Sun Z, Xu J, Wang P, Tang J, Shi X, Liu J, Ren F, Xu L Abstract Ovarian cancer is one of the most commonly occurring types of cancer and one of the most common causes of cancer-associated mortality in women. Diagnosis of ovarian cancer at an early stage is difficult due to the lack of specific symptoms. In the present study, it is demonstrated that active vitamin D treatment prohibited the proliferation and invasion of ovarian cancer cells, and the expression level of a germ cell specific marker DEAD (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp)-box helicase 4 (DDX4), which is overexpressed in ovarian cancer, was downregulate...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang C, Wang M, Shi C, Shi F, Pei C Abstract Chemotherapy is one of the main treatments for ovarian cancer (OC). Cisplatin combined with paclitaxel is a commonly used chemotherapy regimen. However, effective cancer therapy is hindered by a patient's resistance to cisplatin. The mechanism that potentially leads to that resistance is unclear. The current study examined the mechanism by which Linc00312 is involved in resistance to cisplatin in OC. Quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to test for expression of Linc00312 in freshly frozen tissue samples of OC and in SKOV3 and SKOV3/DDP cells. In situ ...
Source: BioScience Trends - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Biosci Trends Source Type: research
Conclusions: These results suggest that KGF might play an important role in the progression of ovarian cancer and could be an attractive target for ovarian cancer therapy.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsDecreased splicing efficiency and global intron retention is a novel stress response mechanism that may promote survival of malignant cells following therapy. We found that this mechanism can be inhibited by pladienolide B, which significantly increases the sensitivity of cancer cells to cisplatin which makes it a good candidate drug for improving the efficiency of cancer therapy.
Source: Genome Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Anti-cancer therapy, particularly chemotherapy, damages ovarian follicles and promotes ovarian failure. The only pharmacological means for protecting the ovaries from chemotherapy-induced injury is gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist, but its efficiency remains controversial; ovarian transposition is used to shield the ovary from radiation when indicated. Until the late 1990s, the only option for fertility preservation and restoration in women with cancer was embryo cryopreservation. The development of other assisted reproductive technologies such as mature oocyte cryopreservation and in vitro maturation of oocytes has...
Source: Reproduction - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Anniversary Review Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our study showed that the switch of the ovarian cancer cell to a calcifying phenotype in the formation of calcification in ovarian cancer. The calcified phenotypic transformation may inform the new prospective in ovarian cancer therapy.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusion: These findings shed light on the mechanisms of GO/CDDP-induced chemosensitization and implicate the potential applications of GO/CDDP to treat multiple cancers.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Authors: Hulin-Curtis SL, Davies JA, Jones R, Hudson E, Hanna L, Chester JD, Parker AL Abstract Ovarian cancer is often termed a silent killer due to the late onset of symptoms. Whilst patients initially respond to chemotherapy, they rapidly develop chemo-resistance. Oncolytic adenoviruses (OAds) are promising anti-cancer agents engineered to "hijack" the unique molecular machinery of cancer cells enabling tumour-selective viral replication. This allows spread to adjacent cells and amplification of oncolysis within the tumour. OAds represent an excellent opportunity for ovarian cancer therapy via intra-pe...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
This study aimed to improve targeted delivery and enhance therapeutic efficacy for tumor anti-angiogenesis. The HA-CH-NP/siRNA was 200 ± 10 nm in size with a zeta potential of 26.4 mV. The loading efficiency of siRNA to the HA-CH-NP/siRNA was up to 60%. The selective binding of HA-CH-NP/siRNA to CD44-positive tumor endothelial cells increased by 2.1-fold compared with that of the CD44 nontargeted CH-NP/siRNA. PLXDC1 silencing by the HA-CH-NP/siRNA significantly inhibited tumor growth in A2780 tumor-bearing mice compared with that in the control group (p 
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS This study shows that HSDL2 upregulation is associated with ovarian cancer progression. HSDL2 knockdown inhibited cell proliferation, colony formation, motility, and tumorigenesis. It induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest and might therefore serve as a potential target for ovarian cancer therapy. PMID: 29894468 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
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