Heat Wave and Mortality: A Multicountry, Multicommunity Study

Conclusions: Results indicate that high temperatures create a substantial health burden, and effects of high temperatures over consecutive days are similar to what would be experienced if high temperature days occurred independently. People living in moderate cold and moderate hot areas are more sensitive to heat waves than those living in cold and hot areas. Daily mean and maximum temperatures had similar ability to define heat waves rather than minimum temperature. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1026 Received: 26 August 2016 Revised: 20 March 2017 Accepted: 31 March 2017 Published: 14 August 2017 Address correspondence to Y. Guo, Dept. of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Room 217, 553 St Kilda Rd., Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia. Phone: +61 3 9905 6100. Email: yuming.guo@monash.edu Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1026). The authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests. Note to readers with disabilities: EHP strives to ensure that all journal content is accessible to all readers. However, some figures and Supplemental Material published in EHP articles may not conform to 508 standards due to the complexity of the information being presented. If you need assistance accessing journal content, please contact ehponline@niehs.nih.gov. Our staff will work with you to assess and meet your accessibility needs with...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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Are healthy habits worth cultivating? A recent study suggests healthy habits may help people tack on years of life and sidestep serious illnesses, such as diabetes and cancer. After all, if you’re going to gain an extra decade of life on this earth, you want to enjoy it! What did this research focus on? Researchers from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health looked at data from more than 73,000 women enrolled in the Nurses’ Health Study (NHS) who were followed for 34 years, and more than 38,000 men enrolled in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS) who were followed for 28 years. In a previous s...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Exercise and Fitness Health Healthy Aging Healthy Eating Men's Health Women's Health Source Type: blogs
Femoral nonunion is the most common cause of reoperation after femoral fractures. It causes pain and disability, prolongs rehabilitation, and increases healthcare cost and lost work hours [1-4]. Nonunion can develop due to a fracture, patient-related or fixation-related risk factors, such as inadequate fracture gap, avascularity, fracture stability, smoking, infection, malignancy, use of NSAIDs or steroids, or other systematic diseases (such as diabetes) etc. [1,2].
Source: Injury - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2020Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Boris Bikbov, Caroline A Purcell, Andrew S Levey, Mari Smith, Amir Abdoli, Molla Abebe, Oladimeji M Adebayo, Mohsen Afarideh, Sanjay Kumar Agarwal, Marcela Agudelo-Botero, Elham Ahmadian, Ziyad Al-Aly, Vahid Alipour, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Rajaa M Al-Raddadi, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Saeed Amini, Tudorel Andrei, Catalina Liliana Andrei, Zewudu AndualemSummaryBackgroundHealth system planning requires careful assessment of chronic kidney disease (CKD) epidemiology, but data for morbidity and mortality of this disease are scarce or non-existent in many...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
In our global ageing societies, diabetes imposes a significant personal and public health burden in terms of the numbers of people with the condition, diabetes-related complications including frailty and disability, and national health and social care systems ’ expenditures [1]. It is apparent that older people with diabetes can represent some of the more complex and difficult challenges facing the health care professionals working in different settings [2]. New data from the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) Diabetes Atlas 9th edition [3] allow us to highlight this research need by assessing what the impact is...
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
In 2017, diabetes was ranked as the fourth leading cause of disability globally [1]. The health consequences of diabetes cause a marked loss of productivity and economic burden to patients, healthcare providers and country ’s economies, mounting to 1.8% of the global gross domestic product (GDP) and 12% of the global health expenditure in 2018 [2,3]. Over 80% of yearly deaths due to diabetes occur in developing countries causing drastic economic consequences compared to their developed counterparts [4].
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractType 2 diabetes is a major public health problem, accounting for significant premature mortality and morbidity. It has been reported to be associated with several chronic complications which involve coronary artery disease and renal and liver diseases that are considered the primary cause of disability and mortality in diabetic patients. Different studies stated that vitamin D have functional role in glucose tolerance through its effects on insulin secretion and sensitivity and ameliorate type 2 diabetes complication. For that this study was carried out to investigate the effect of dietary vitamin D on type 2 diabe...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
(CNN) — Science shows moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise is good for us — it improves sleep; lowers blood pressure; protects against heart disease, diabetes and cancer; reduces stress; boosts mood; and fights anxiety and depression. It’s especially important in adolescence, where the first signs of depression often begin, studies show. But unless your child is an athlete, it can be tough to wean them away from social media and the ever-present screen to swim laps or go for a blood-pumping jog. A new study has some good news: even light exercise may help protect children against developing depression. T...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN Depression Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: In 82% of the cases the expert's report pointed out a significant global (visual and non-visual) functional limitation (greater than 33%) of their work capacity. In the previous administrative phase of all these cases the recognition fo disability had not been granted. From the results obtained it turns out the importance of an ophthalmologist acting as an expert in this type of demands. PMID: 32035740 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol Source Type: research
In conclusion, the concept of an epigenetic clock is compelling, but caution should be taken in interpreting associations with age acceleration. Association tests of age acceleration should include age as a covariate. A Discussion of Recent Work on Allotopic Expression of Mitochondrial Genes at the SENS Research Foundation https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/02/a-discussion-of-recent-work-on-allotopic-expression-of-mitochondrial-genes-at-the-sens-research-foundation/ A paper published last month outlines recent progress on allotopic expression of mitochondrial genes carried out by the SENS Research ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: The consensus-workshop provided an initial roadmap for limb loss research in Canada, and the event served as an important catalyst for stakeholders to initiate collaborations for moving identified priorities into action. Given the increasing number of people undergoing an amputation, there needs to be a stronger Canadian collaborative approach to generate the necessary research to enhance evidence-based clinical care and policy decision-making.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONLimb loss is a growing concern across North America, with lower-extremity amputations occurring due to complications arising from diabetes...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
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