Medical News Today: Spondylolisthesis: Causes, symptoms, and treatments
In this article, learn about spondylolisthesis. What are the types and grades of spondylolisthesis, how is it diagnosed, and what are the causes?
Conclusions: Lower back pain is a serious health problem, and this review article will help educate physicians and physiotherapists dealing with LBP in the options of evidence-based treatment. Ultimately, the article introduces and postulates the need to systematize therapeutic procedures in LBP therapy, with a long-term perspective. PMID: 32256908 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: LBP risk prediction models and simplified risk scores have been developed and validated using data from general medical practice. This study also offers an opportunity for external validation and updating of the models by incorporating other risk predictors in other settings, especially in this era of precision medicine. PMID: 32235016 [PubMed]
CONCLUSION: For patients with spondylolisthesis-associated low back and leg pain without spinal instability, TFELD is a safe and effective surgical treatment option. PMID: 32227330 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: A high index of suspicion is needed to diagnose sacral insufficiency fracture after LS arthrodesis. A trial of conservative management is reasonable for select patients; potential surgical indications include refractory pain, neurological deficit, fracture nonunion with anterolisthesis or kyphotic angulation, L5-S1 pseudarthrosis, and spinopelvic malalignment. Lumbopelvic fixation with iliac screws may be effective salvage treatment to allow fracture healing and symptom improvement. High-risk patients may benefit from prophylactic lumbopelvic fixation at the time of index LS arthrodesis. PMID: 32217798 [P...
CONCLUSIONS: When clinical and surgical heterogeneity were minimized, elderly patients undergoing minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion not only had comparable rates of perioperative complications but also experienced similar improvements in pain, function, and quality of life. A high rate of satisfaction was achieved. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, prognostic study. PMID: 32197034 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
e A Abstract OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive posterior segmental instrumentation and intra-articular fusion with the Facet Wedge device. INDICATIONS: All fusion indications in degenerative disc disease without significant translational instability, postnucleotomy syndrome, spondylarthrosis, discitis. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Translatory instabilities, status after decompression with partial facet joint resection, spondylolysis in the affected segment. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Through a 3 cm skin incision, blunt transmuscular approach to the corresponding facet joint L1/2 to L5/S1. Opening of the joint cap...
Conclusions: We reported an L3 to L4 traumatic spondyloptosis case that involved intact neurology, which is the first-ever reported mid-lumbar spondyloptosis case that involved complete posterior column and neural sparing. For the treatment of traumatic spondyloptosis without neurological deficit, restoring stability and preventing secondary cord injury should be taken into consideration.
CONCLUSIONS: To execute future, high-quality studies, it is important to identify patients undergoing surgery for spondylolisthesis who might be lost to follow-up. In a large, prospective registry, the authors found that those lost to follow-up were more likely to be younger, be employed, have anxiety disorder, and have worse PRO scores. PMID: 32109871 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Degenerative spondylolisthesis with or without spondylolysis, multiply recurrent disk herniation, and degenerative disk disease commonly presents as back and leg pain, weakness and paresthesias. Surgical intervention, to include lumbar decompression with instrumented fusion with or without interbody fusion, is recommended to patients who are refractory to at least six weeks of nonoperative treatment, or patients with severe or progressive neurological deficits. This paper reviews the pre- and post-operative considerations, as well as the surgical technique, for a minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion fo...
Conclusion5R-STS performance differs according to the etiology of back and leg pain, even after adjustment for demographic covariates. In combination with machine learning algorithms, OFI can be used to infer the etiology of spinal back and leg pain with accuracy comparable to other diagnostic tests used in clinical examination.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.