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Opioid Overdoses and Deaths Flooding U.S. Hospitals

FRIDAY, Aug. 11, 2017 -- There's been a sharp rise in opioid-related admissions and deaths in hospital intensive care units across the United States, a new study finds. Opioids are pain medications, such as oxycodone (OxyContin, Percocet) and...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

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AbstractPurpose of ReviewAcetaminophen (paracetamol, APAP) is the most commonly prescribed analgesic for the treatment of acute pain. It is also the most commonly prescribed analgesic and antipyretic for children. There has been extensive clinical use of acetaminophen in nonparenteral forms (e.g., oral or rectal) for over six decades and over 20  years of clinical experience outside the USA with the intravenous (IV) use of acetaminophen.Recent FindingsIn the USA, IV acetaminophen was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in November 2010. Studies indicate that IV acetaminophen is as effective for acute pain rel...
Source: Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract This educational review presents an overview of opioid use disorder, misuse and overdose among adolescents, and the clinical implications for anesthesiologists. It provides definitions, discusses the epidemiology worldwide, (focusing on North America), and emphasizes the clinical implications of patients with chronic opioid exposure, including perioperative pain management, as well as opioid overdose and prolonged use of opioids after acute exposure. In the USA, opioid use disorder and negative outcomes related to opioids rose dramatically from 1999-2010; concomitantly heroin use and fatal overdoses have ...
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research
Despite the focus on appropriate use of opioids for pain management, many hospitals continue to see adverse events in which patients are injured from unintentional overdoses. To help hospitals prevent patient harm from the use of opioids, ECRI Institute Patient Safety Organization (PSO) conducted a deep dive analysis of adverse events related to opioids in the acute care setting. Executive brief, a leadership infographic, and an interactive tool are available for free download by registering with ECRI.
Source: HSR Information Central - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Abstract The prescribing of opioid analgesics for pain management-particularly for management of chronic noncancer pain (CNCP)-has increased more than fourfold in the United States since the mid-1990s. Yet there is mounting evidence that opioids have only limited effectiveness in the management of CNCP, and the increased availability of prescribed opioids has contributed to upsurges in opioid-related addiction cases and overdose deaths. These concerns have led to critical revisiting and modification of prior pain management practices (e.g., guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), but the m...
Source: Annual Review of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Annu Rev Med Source Type: research
Summary This educational review presents an overview of opioid use disorder, misuse and overdose among adolescents, and the clinical implications for anesthesiologists. It provides definitions, discusses the epidemiology worldwide, (focusing on North America), and emphasizes the clinical implications of patients with chronic opioid exposure, including perioperative pain management, as well as opioid overdose and prolonged use of opioids after acute exposure. In the USA, opioid use disorder and negative outcomes related to opioids rose dramatically from 1999‐2010; concomitantly heroin use and fatal overdoses have increase...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: EDUCATIONAL REVIEW Source Type: research
Have you ever thought that it would be possible to monitor drug overdoses, Zika cases or the spread of the flu in real time? Have you ever imagined that satellites wouldbe able to tell how and where a malaria epidemic will happen months before the actual outbreak? It is mind-blowing how, in the last years, digital maps developed to a level where they serve as effective tools for evaluating, monitoring and even predicting health events. That’s why I decided to give a comprehensive overview of digital maps in healthcare. John Snow, cholera and the revolution of maps in healthcare Before Game of Thrones monopolized Joh...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine Healthcare Design Mobile Health digital health digital technology epidemics epidemiology gc4 Innovation interactive maps Source Type: blogs
Abstract There are parallels between the North American experience of escalating pharmaceutical opioid utilisation and harm and the trends being observed in Australia. In Australia, opioid utilisation has increased dramatically over the past two decades. There have been significant shifts away from the predominant prescribing of ‘weak’ and short‐acting opioids, to ‘strong’ and long‐acting opioids, for an increasing range of chronic pain indications. In concordance with escalating use, Australia is experiencing increases in opioid‐related hospital admissions and overdose, as well as opioid depe...
Source: Drug and Alcohol Review - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
“Do not get caught” seems to be the real rule of the law in South Florida, where I live. I was trained to limit the use of controlled substances, narcotics, hypnotics and sedatives. Their use can affect consciousness, ability to drive a car and work.  More severe consequences include respiratory depression and overdose from too high of a dosage or mixing too many medications and over the counter items. The Joint Commission, medicine’s good housekeeping seal of approval authority, along with major medical organizations have accused clinicians of undertreating pain. “Pain is the fifth vital sign,...
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Physician Pain Management Primary Care Source Type: blogs
LOWELL (CBS) — For many people, the opioid addiction begins with prescription pain pills. It’s a story one local dad knows too well. After losing his son to an overdose he is now advocating for change — in the operating room. “You can see his bright, clear eyes and his warm smile. And really healthy and happy, really hopeful,” said Dr. James Baker describing his son, Max, after he shook his addiction to heroin. Max Baker (Photo Courtesy: Baker Family) “He said once the pills started it took less than a year to transition to heroin and he was an addict by 17,” Dr. Baker told WB...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Local News Syndicated Local Confronting The Crisis Dr. Mallika Marshall Exparel Lowell General Hospital opioid crisis Source Type: news
National surveys have found that teens today are much less likely to use alcohol and drugs compared to their parents’ generation. In fact, the proportion of high school seniors who chose not to use alcohol, tobacco, marijuana or other drugs has increased from 3 percent to 25 percent in the last thirty years. This remarkable good news is overshadowed by the growing number of teens who are daily marijuana users and the recent increase in opioid-related deaths among young people. It is important to understand the roots of this discrepancy in order to address it. Statistics show that between 2014 and 2015, the rates of d...
Source: Thrive, Children's Hospital Boston - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Ask the Expert Parenting Teen Health Adolescent Substance Abuse Program Source Type: news
More News: General Medicine | Hospitals | Intensive Care | Overdose | Oxycodone | OxyContin | Pain | Percocet | Study | USA Health