Britain is facing health 'time bomb' as obese children are hit by Type 2 Diabetes
THE nation is facing a public health “time bomb” as children as young as five fall victim to Type 2 Diabetes.
Macrophages are critical for the initiation and resolution of the inflammatory phase of wound repair. In diabetes, macrophages display a prolonged inflammatory phenotype in late wound healing. Mixed-lineage leukemia-1 (MLL1) has been shown to direct gene expression by regulating nuclear factor-B (NF-B)–mediated inflammatory gene transcription. Thus, we hypothesized that MLL1 influences macrophage-mediated inflammation in wound repair. We used a myeloid-specific Mll1 knockout (Mll1f/fLyz2Cre+) to determine the function of MLL1 in wound healing. Mll1f/fLyz2Cre+ mice display delayed wound healing and decreased wound mac...
CONCLUSIONS The high rates of DPN among youth with diabetes are a cause of concern and suggest a need for early screening and better risk factor management. Interventions in youth that address poor glycemic control and dyslipidemia may prevent or delay debilitating neuropathic complications.
In conclusion, exendin-4 activates the sirtuin pathway and increases energy expenditure in human adipocytes. Our results suggest another mechanism that may be responsible for body weight reduction observed in patients using GLP-1RAs. PMID: 28822994 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
AbstractPurposeAims of this study were to evaluate the agreement between the short and long versions of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ: Italian versions), their reproducibility (agreement and reliability) and construct validity (relative to pedometry) in a clinical population.MethodsNinety patients affected by obesity (N = 39), type 2 diabetes mellitus (N = 26) or both (N = 25) were recruited. They were asked to maintain their usual physical activity habits during two consecutive weeks and to fill the questionnaires twice (at the end of each week). They were also asked...
Both green tea and metformin are used as adjuvants to treat and prevent complications associated with obesity; however, studies comparing their action and interaction in non-diabetic overweight women have not been reported. Thus, the current study evaluated the effects of green tea extract and metformin, both individually and in combination, on type 2 diabetes risk factors in non-diabetic overweight women.
Conclusions Taken together, the data show that lncRNAs are modulated in a model of obesity-associated type 2 diabetes and that variations in the expression of some of them may contribute to β-cell failure during the development of the disease.
Abstract BACKGROUND: As association of metabolic syndrome (MS) with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has not been extensively studied in patients with type 2 diabetes, we addressed these issues. METHODS: Intrapersonal means of 12 measurements of waist circumference, blood pressure and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and those of six measurements of fasting triglycerides during 12 months were calculated in a cohort of 168 previously reported Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes. Based on these means, MS was diagnosed according to the modified National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Pane...
Xuan Gao, Carlos Salomon, Dilys J. Freeman
ConclusionsThere is widespread variation in access to surgery and in baseline patient characteristics in the countries submitting data to the IFSO Global Registry.
ConclusionsLSG achieved significant weight loss and improvement of cardiometabolic risk factors among adolescents. However, the slight worsening of preexisting nutritional deficiencies warrants careful preoperative surveillance and appropriate postoperative nutritional supplementation.