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Weight Loss Surgery Tied to Fewer Hospital Visits for COPD Weight Loss Surgery Tied to Fewer Hospital Visits for COPD

Obese people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who get weight loss surgery may go to the hospital less often with acute breathing problems after their operations, a U.S. study suggests.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Medscape Today News Source Type: news

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CONCLUSION: We found a marginal association between BMI and an increased risk of developing AKI in adult patients after having noncardiac laparoscopic surgery. The BMI effect became insignificant when potential mediator variables were considered. The association of BMI and AKI after noncardiac laparoscopic surgery is likely mediated through components of the metabolic syndrome. PMID: 29026353 [PubMed]
Source: Ochsner Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Ochsner J Source Type: research
Conclusion To effectively meet the meets of the growing elderly population over the next few decades, it is crucial that we understand what socio-economic, cultural and political factors will drive their healthcare decision making, especially where out-of-pocket payment will be required.  Market research, grounded in local knowledge and expertise, is a key means of achieving this understanding. Whether via patients directly (recognizing the technological or capability limitations that may exist in the elderly population), or their caregivers (noting that the family has traditionally played an important role in provid...
Source: EyeForPharma - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news
(Research!America) The opioid epidemic is the most important health issue in West Virginia, above obesity, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and dental disease, according to a state-based public opinion survey commissioned by Research!America. A strong majority of West Virginians (84%) say prescription pain medication abuse and addiction is a major problem in their community, and more than two-thirds (71%) say they know someone who experienced pain so severe they sought prescription medicines to treat it.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
(Representative image of multiple arterial revascularization) A Canadian study [1] published in JAMA Cardiology has shown lower long term mortality, repeat revascularization, myocardial infarction and heart failure in patients receiving multiple arterial grafts as compared to those single LIMA (left internal mammary artery) graft along with SVG (saphenous vein grafts). Of over twenty thousand patients with triple vessel or left main disease who underwent CABG (coronary artery bypass graft), about 5600 received multiple arterial grafts and around 14500 received LIMA graft along with SVG. Subgroup analyses showed t...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: General Cardiology CABG coronary artery bypass graft Coronary artery bypass grafting left main disease LIMA LITA RIMA RITA triple vessel disease Source Type: blogs
AbstractIntroductionAlterations in body composition are commonly present in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The hypothesis of this study is that COPD patients would achieve clinical benefits after pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) independent of muscle mass depletion or body weight.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective cohort study using single-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) for assessment of fat-free mass (FFM) depletion (muscle depletion). Patients were stratified into three categories based on (1) obesity BMI  ≥ 30 kg/m2, (2) non-obesity BMI  
Source: Lung - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionLong‐term mechanical ventilation over six years improved health‐related quality of life in most patients. Patient training, follow‐up and reduction of side effects, largely delivered by trained nurses, contribute to achieve the main goal of the treatment ‐ improved health‐related quality of life.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Journal of Advanced Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Original Research: Empirical research – quantitative Source Type: research
Conclusion Patients with COPD during acute exacerbation had higher values of plasma orexin-A when compared with normal subjects and plasma orexin-A correlated positively with BMI and BFP in these patients.
Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Author Affiliations open 1Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada 2Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland 3University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland 4Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands 5MRC-PHE Centre for Environment and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, UK 6National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, USA 7University Medical Center Groningen, Gron...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: Peroral arsenic has little effect on local airway immune responses to bacteria but compromises respiratory epithelial barrier integrity, increasing systemic translocation of inhaled pathogens and small molecules. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1878 Received: 09 March 2017 Revised: 14 August 2017 Accepted: 16 August 2017 Published: 28 September 2017 Address correspondence to M.B. Fessler, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 111 T.W. Alexander Dr., P.O. Box 12233, Maildrop D2-01, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 USA. Telephone: (919) 541-3701. Email: fesslerm@niehs.nih.gov *Current address: UN...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the immune profile of lean and overweight-obese COPD patients. Forty patients with moderate to very severe COPD were divided into lean group (n=20; aged 62.00±8.91years; BMI 22.26±1.65kg/m2) or overweight-obese group (n=20; aged 65.40±6.69years; BMI 29.19±3.55kg/m2). The cytokine profile (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, INF-γ, and TNF-α) was evaluated through the Cytometric Bead Array technique, and the expression of CD4, CD8, CD25, CD45ra, CD45ro, CD69, CD195(CCr5) and HLA-DR were evaluated in CD3+ T-cells. Overweight-obese COPD group had lower levels of IL-2 (...
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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