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Reproducibility of clinician-friendly physical performance measures in individuals with obesity.

CONCLUSION: The clinician-friendly performance-based tests for individuals with obesity considered in this study appear legitimate for discriminative purposes, such as in cross-sectional studies. However, for longi-tudinal assessments (evaluative purposes), some measures should be used with greater caution due to limited agreement. Careful consideration should be given to the evaluation of physical performance in people with obesity, particularly in the context of conservative or surgical treatment for weight loss. PMID: 28792584 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

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The objective of the present study was to observe the effect of sitagliptin on obese patients with insulin treatment-induced diabetes mellitus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 120 obese patients with insulin treatment-induced diabetes mellitus were consecutively selected and divided into the control group (n=35), observation group 1 (n=40), and observation group 2 (n=45). The control group received different types or doses of insulin, observation group 1 received insulin combined with metformin, and observation group 2 received insulin combined with sitagliptin. The therapeutic effects were compared at the 6-month fol...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
New York City dietitian Jennifer Medina tells Daily Mail Online how to take a proactive approach to avoid college weight gain as obesity rates skyrocket among youths in the United States.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Alvarado-Esquivel C, Maldonado-Soto E, Sanchez-Anguiano LF, Hernandez-Tinoco J, Ramos-Nevarez A, Cerrillo-Soto SM, Sandoval-Carrilo AA, Salas-Pacheco JM, Antuna-Salcido EI, Estrada-Martinez S, Guido-Arreola CA Abstract The association between T. gondii infection and obesity has been scantly studied. Through an age-, and gender-matched case-control study, we determined the association of T. gondii infection and obesity using serological and molecular methods. Cases included 203 persons with obesity, and controls included 203 persons without obesity. Participants were tested for the presence of anti-Toxoplas...
Source: International Journal of Biomedical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Int J Biomed Sci Source Type: research
Research, published inNeurolmage, suggests that reduced activity in the self-regulation centre of the brain could be a better predictor of obesity than heightened responses of reward systems to food cues in teenagers.Science Daily
Source: Society for Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news
Here we report a successful percutaneous endovascular retrieval of a VenaTech LP inferior vena cava (IVC) filter (B. Braun, Evanston, Illinois) that had migrated to the right ventricle in a morbidly obese patient who presented with chest pain. Case reports such as this are exempt from institutional review board approval.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Special Letter Section Source Type: research
Conclusions: The present study has confirmed high levels of overweight and obesity in Maltese children. It also provides proof of concept of scalability by demonstrating the feasibility of undertaking a relatively inexpensive study of an entire childhood population. The modus operandi (utilizing physical education teachers) could relatively easily be up scaled for any country.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Nutrition Source Type: research
(Florida Atlantic University) A number of factors, including obesity, shorten the lifespan for those with schizophrenia by 20 years and by 10 years for those with bipolar disorder compared to the general population. In the first study to compare long-term weight gain across psychotic disorders, researchers from FAU show that expanding waistlines and the way body fat is distributed are largely to blame.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
In this study, we evaluated effects of O. gratissimum extract (OGE) in preventing obesity by using ovariectomized (OVX) animal models to mimic menopausal women. Methods: OVX rats showed increase in body weight and in adipocyte size in perigonadal adipose tissue (p
Source: International Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Int J Med Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Pérez-Belmonte LM, Moreno-Santos I, Gómez-Doblas JJ, García-Pinilla JM, Morcillo-Hidalgo L, Garrido-Sánchez L, Santiago-Fernández C, Crespo-Leiro MG, Carrasco-Chinchilla F, Sánchez-Fernández PL, de Teresa-Galván E, Jiménez-Navarro M Abstract Epicardial adipose tissue has been proposed to participate in the pathogenesis of heart failure. The aim of our study was to assess the expression of thermogenic genes (Uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC1α), and PR-domain-missing 16 (...
Source: International Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Int J Med Sci Source Type: research
Conclusion: PBMCs β2AR, underexpressed in centrally obese, are associated with a better metabolic profile and showed a protective role for the development of CO. The discovery of β2AR as a new molecular marker of obesity subphenotypes in PBMCs might contribute to clarify the adrenergic immunomodulation of inflammatory obesity. PMID: 28824322 [PubMed - in process]
Source: International Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Int J Med Sci Source Type: research
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