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Reproducibility of clinician-friendly physical performance measures in individuals with obesity.

CONCLUSION: The clinician-friendly performance-based tests for individuals with obesity considered in this study appear legitimate for discriminative purposes, such as in cross-sectional studies. However, for longi-tudinal assessments (evaluative purposes), some measures should be used with greater caution due to limited agreement. Careful consideration should be given to the evaluation of physical performance in people with obesity, particularly in the context of conservative or surgical treatment for weight loss. PMID: 28792584 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: A migrant background is a highly relevant axis of health inequalities and has an influence beyond a generation. Given this reality, it is necessary to implement effective and suitable measures to ensure life with good health conditions and to reduce social inequalities in health, not only in childhood but through the entire life cycle. PMID: 29241637 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research
Authors: Torres-Landa S, Kannan U, Guajardo I, Pickett-Blakely OE, Dempsey DT, Williams NN, Dumon KR Abstract Obesity is a spreading epidemic associated with significant morbidity and mortality with a prevalence of over 36% worldwide. In the face of a growing epidemic, increasing medical costs, and the disappointing limitations of medical and lifestyle modification bariatric surgery was found to consistently lead to significant weight loss and improvement in obesity-associated comorbidities when compared to non-surgical interventions. Bariatric procedures fall within three basic categories: restrictive procedures, ...
Source: Minerva Chirurgica - Category: Surgery Tags: Minerva Chir Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Newer randomized controlled trials, comparing RSG to LSG, are necessary in order to further assess their clinical outcomes in relation to cost. PMID: 29243456 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Chirurgica - Category: Surgery Tags: Minerva Chir Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our study results suggest that the prevalence of chronic active gastritis and H. pylori positivity is high in morbidly obese Turkish patient population. No significant difference was found between the pathological diagnosis in obese patients with LSG operation in terms of age and sex. PMID: 29243786 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Francis Lin Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer are two leading causes of death worldwide. CVD and cancer share risk factors such as obesity and diabetes mellitus and have common diagnostic biomarkers such as interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein. Thus, timely and accurate diagnosis of these two correlated diseases is of high interest to both the research and healthcare communities. Most conventional methods for CVD and cancer biomarker detection such as microwell plate-based immunoassay and polymerase chain reaction often suffer from high costs, low test speeds, and complicated procedures. Recently, lab-on-a-chip (...
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 December 2017 Source:The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Author(s): Sunil J. Wimalawansa, DSc.Mohammed S. Razzaque, Nasser M. Al-Daghri The incidence and the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency are increasing worldwide. It is estimated that over 50% of population in the world have low in vitamin D (i.e., hypovitaminosis D; levels below 30 ng/mL). 80% of our vitamin D requirement comes from the ultraviolet rays from sunlight, and for the remainder, we rely from the diet and supplements. The latter become important when one is exposing to less than optimal amounts o...
Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionOne year after sleeve gastrectomy, calibrated with a 50-French bougie, there are not important problems in the intake of foods a priori difficult to digest. These problems mostly disappeared 5  years after surgery. The decrease intake of other unhealthy foods is mostly based on the dietary counseling.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study examines the food environment in 7 rural counties in Maryland. A cross-sectional study was conducted at 244 retail food stores from 2012 to 2013. Data on store-level characteristics were collected and a healthy food availability index (HFAI) ranging from 0 to 31 points was calculated for each store. Convenience stores (18.9%) and other nontraditional stores (16.8%) were the most common store types, and box stores were the least (4.9%). Supermarkets had the highest mean HFAI (24.8), whereas gas stations (8.7) had the lowest; convenience stores were also low (11.1). In rural Maryland, the most common food source t...
Source: Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Hunger Environ Nutr Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Participants in SHG showed greater improvements in MetS profiles with proportionally smaller pharmacological treatment initiations than did nonparticipants for 3 yr. Although selection bias may be present, this study suggests SHG would be a feasible strategy to prevent MetS and its sequelae. PMID: 29238010 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
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