Ticks and the changing landscape of tick-borne illnesses

Ticks and the diseases they carry have long been recognized as health concerns, especially in the warmer months when ticks (and humans) are more active. Ticks wait on grass tips or shrubs to latch onto new hosts when they brush by. Most of the hosts are animals, but a few tick species do bite and feed on humans. While doing so, they can transmit bacteria and viruses through their saliva. But here’s what’s changing: Tick species are being found in a wider geographic range. The number of case reports of tick-borne illnesses is increasing. Scientists continue to identify new pathogens (bacteria and viruses that cause disease) transmitted by ticks. Many of these infections are reportable diseases on a state or national level, meaning that physicians and laboratories must notify public health officials of cases to facilitate tracking. Improved reporting may contribute to the increase in the number of cases, or perhaps doctors are testing more for infections that previously went undiagnosed, but it also appears that a greater percentage of ticks are now harboring certain pathogens. Ticks as vectors (that is, carriers of disease) Not all ticks are vectors (carriers) of disease, but those that are tend to spread specific infections; for example, the common deer tick transmits the bacteria that causes Lyme disease. Like all organisms, certain types of ticks tend to thrive in specific environments. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has maps showing regions wh...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Infectious diseases Prevention Safety Travel health Source Type: blogs

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This study aims to address how the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake influenced knowledge generation and diffusion compared to the research stemming from the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake in the United States and the 1995 Hanshin Awaji Earthquake in Japan, for the three countries are exposed to high seismic risk. The findings show that (1) regarding research quantity, the influence of the Wenchuan Earthquake on disaster-related knowledge generation is just beginning compared with the gradual decreases in research on the other earthquakes; (2) regarding disciplinary development, the proportion of studies relating to the Wenchuan Earth...
Source: Safety Science - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
We present a 20-year-old male patient who presented himself after a car accident, and was diagnosed with a rupture of traumatic hydatid cysts due to hives rash. In the operation, a scolicidal gent was administered to the cyst, the cyst wall was partially excised and the germinative membranes were removed. Medical treatment with albendazole was started. The postoperative period was quiet. The intraperitoneal traumatic rupture of a hydatid cyst is rare, but it can cause severe anaphylactic reactions and biliary peritonitis. Although a rare and broken hydatid cyst due to trauma may present with skin lesions in a patient in an...
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Leila Haghighi, Mohsen Akbaribazm, Zahra Arab-Mazar, Mohsen RahimiAbstractHematobium species of this parasite tends to bladder and mesenteric arteries and it causes lesions in the bladder wall, urethra, and renal tubes. A 25-year-old man living in Tehran (a non-endemic and very rare area for schistosoma) suffers from symptoms such as hematuria with suprapubic pain, dysuria, fever, nausea and vomiting. Urine analysis showed a lot of red blood cells, after using cystoscopy of the area and receiving a bladder biopsy, a definitive diagnos...
Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
[Abstract unavailable] Keywords: Human trafficking; Language: en...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Human sex trafficking is a major public health issue. The United States is the second largest market for sex-trafficked women, yet few healthcare interventions, designed for women specifically, have been identified. The purpose of this review w...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between cancer diagnosis and depression and suicidal ideation in a population-based cohort in the United States. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study based on the National Health and Nutrition Examination S...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news
A long-standing champion of World Hearing Day, ASHA uses the opportunity to spread relevant public health messages and provide members with the tools to educate consumers. The World Health Organization (WHO) organizes World Hearing Day, recognized annually on March 3. Each year the WHO creates a new theme and offers specialized resources, published in a dozen languages, and hosts activities at its Geneva headquarters and around the world. Dovetailing on the WHO themes—this year it’s “Hearing for Life”—ASHA generates national campaigns and tools to help spread the message. ASHA and HLAA provide...
Source: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Press Releases - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Academia & Research Advocacy Audiology Events Health Care Private Practice Schools Slider Hearing Assistive Technology hearing loss Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsThis study demonstrates that correction of superficial truncal vein reflux, as well as deep vein stenosis, both contribute to healing of VLU. Patients who fail to heal their VLU after superficial and perforator ablation should have the iliocaval system imaged to identify hemodynamically significant stenoses or occlusions amenable to stenting, which facilitates venous ulcer healing even in patients with large ulcers.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Reducing preventable medical errors remains a universal goal, yet implementing effective solutions remains a challenge. The development of surgical data recording technology shows promise to generate robust qualitative and quantitative data in the surgical theater. These data can allow physicians and their teams to capture specific sources of error and implement corrective interventions. Surgical data recording technology encompasses rudimentary data tabulation on notecards, to integrated audio-video systems containing cameras, microphones, and sensors, capturing and synthesizing intraoperative, environmental, and instrume...
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES Source Type: research
Conclusion: Evidence-based guidelines were created to assist clinicians in the optimal surgical management of thyroid disease.
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: FEATURES Source Type: research
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