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Nurse-led screening in GP practices boosts early lung cancer and COPD detection

A nurse-led screening programme in Liverpool is preventing around two cases of lung cancer a month across a dozen practices and driving up early detection of COPD, researchers have found.
Source: GP Online News - Category: Primary Care Tags: 15.8 Respiratory Problems Source Type: news

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Lung cancer is one of the most common malignancies and has a low 5-year survival rate. There are no cheap, simple and widely available screening methods for the early diagnostics of lung cancer. The aim of this study was to determine whether analysis of exhaled breath with an artificial olfactory sensor using support vector analysis can differentiate patients with lung cancer from healthy individuals and patients with other lung diseases, regardless of the stage of lung cancer and the most common comorbidities. Patients with histologically or cytologically verified lung cancer, healthy volunteers and patients with ot...
Source: Journal of Breath Research - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractWe aimed to evaluate the criterion validity of the 2015 food-based Dutch dietary guidelines, which were formulated based on evidence on the relation between diet and major chronic diseases. We studied 9701 participants of the Rotterdam Study, a population-based prospective cohort in individuals aged 45  years and over [median 64.1 years (95%-range 49.0–82.8)]. Dietary intake was assessed at baseline with a food-frequency questionnaire. For all participants, we examined adherence (yes/no) to fourteen items of the guidelines: vegetables (≥200 g/day), fruit (≥200 g/day), whole-grains (&...
Source: European Journal of Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsRespiratory and cardiovascular mortality is considerably higher for male and female cleaners than for non-manual workers.
Source: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
Authors: Lin X, Wu Z, Fan Y, Chi M, Wang X, Zhang X, Sun D Abstract Pulmonary surfactant protein A (SP‑A) and pulmonary surfactant protein D (SP‑D) are associated with the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of the present study was to determine the correlation between SP‑A, SP‑D and lung function in patients with COPD. A total of 60 patients with lung cancer undergoing unilateral lobectomy were selected and divided into three groups, including a non‑COPD group (n=20), a COPD treatment group (n=20) and a COPD control group (n=20). The levels of SP‑A and SP‑D were...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Authors: Kheradmand F, You R, Hee Gu B, Corry DB Abstract Smoking-related lung diseases are among the most preventable and incurable ailments in the world. Smokers are at increased risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease that can be further complicated by emphysema and lung cancer. A subset of former smokers shows persistent lung inflammation and progressive loss of lung function, indicating a role for activation of acquired immunity in smoking-induced lung diseases. In addition to the well-established noxious effects of volatile compounds in cigarette smoke, incomplete combustion of tobacco genera...
Source: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association - Category: General Medicine Tags: Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc Source Type: research
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable mortality and morbidity in the United States and is responsible for over 400,000 deaths each year. Smoking causes about 90% of all lung cancer deaths in the United States. Those who smoke regularly are more likely than nonsmokers to develop heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer. About 50% of smokers develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This new Rural Tobacco Control and Prevention Toolkit from the Rural Health Information Hub provides information, strategies, and resources to help rural communities implement tobacco control and pr...
Source: BHIC - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: Rural Source Type: blogs
UCLA Health hospitals in Westwood and Santa Monica placed No. 1 in Los Angeles, No. 2 in California and No. 7 in the nation in the 2017 –18 U.S. News and World Report rankings.“UCLA Health is proud to be recognized for providing world-class treatment to patients from greater Los Angeles, across the state and around the globe,” said Johnese Spisso, president ofUCLA Health, CEO of UCLA Hospital System and associate vice chancellor of UCLA Health Sciences. “Our long-standing commitment to excellence ensures that our patients and their families receive the most compassionate, comprehensive care possible...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Appalachia—a region that stretches from Mississippi to New York—has historically been recognized as a socially and economically disadvantaged part of the United States, and growing evidence suggests that health disparities between it and the rest of the country are widening. We compared infant mortality and life expectancy disparities in Appalachia to those outside the region during the period 1990–2013. We found that infant mortality disparities widened for both whites and blacks, with infant mortality 16 percent higher in Appalachia in 2009–13, and the region’s deficit in life expectanc...
Source: Health Affairs - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Determinants Of Health Population Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of PWLs in 2016 in Korea is expected reduce smoking prevalence and disease cases for the next 10 years, but regular replacements of PWLs are needed for persistent impacts. PMID: 28768403 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Med Public Health Source Type: research
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