Opiate Addiction and Treatment Resources from the National Library of Medicine

In response to the growing heroin epidemic in the United States, the National Library of Medicine’s Specialized Information Services has created a portal to provide resources and information on prescribing, overdose, medication-assisted treatment, and recovery. According to the American Society of Addiction Medicine, addiction is defined as: “A primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors.” 1 The portal includes information for those addressing addiction: healthcare providers, educators, researchers, patients and families. Deaths from overdose have been steadily increasing nationwide, and from 2002 – 2015 there was a 2.8 fold increase in number of deaths from opioids. In Seattle and King County such deaths numbered 359 in 2016, according to the King County Medical Examiner’s Office. Understanding addiction and treatment is part of the picture, as well as chronic pain management, education, and support for families and those in recovery. Besides offering educational resources, some libraries have joined the front lines in preventing death from overdose. Public libraries around the country have trained their staff in the use of Naloxone, a nasal spray which reverses overdose f...
Source: Dragonfly - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: News from NLM Public Health Source Type: news

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Conclusion: The differential characteristics of EDA contributed highly to the accuracy of pain stimulation level detection of the classifiers. The external validity dataset was not considered in the study. Significance: Our approach has the potential for accurate pain quantification using EDA.
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
David J. BierThe Biden administrationis planning to roll out a  new policy in November that denies the right to travel or immigrate to the United States to anyone in the world who is unvaccinated. It will replace various nonsensical travel bans on Europeans, Chinese, Iranians, Brazilians, South Africans, and Indians, but a majority of the world (57 percent) has not received even a  single shot of any of the vaccines, andonly 1.9 percent of people in low ‐​income countries have received at least one dose. This includes pretty much the entire continent of Africa.Currently, everyone —vaccinated or not...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
This study aimed to determine the relationship between domestic violence against women, adaptation to pregnancy, and maternal-fetal antenatal attachment.Design and MethodsThe study consisted of 385 pregnant women who were referred to the antenatal clinics of a public hospital in eastern Turkey. The data were collected using the Domestic Violence against Women Scale (DVAWS), the Maternal-Fetal Antenatal Attachment Scale (MAAS), and the Prenatal Self-Evaluation Questionnaire (PSEQ) to assess adaptation to pregnancy.FindingsPregnant women were exposed to low level of violence (Mean  ± SD: 64.42  &p...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Source: Journal of Pain Research - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Journal of Pain Research Source Type: research
Observe differences in body fat, diet quality, and food addiction and security between former heroin users and non-heroin users in the Hispanic population.
Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Late-Breaking Research Abstracts Source Type: research
Describe the prevalence of depression in relation to food security status in the United States.
Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Late-Breaking Research Abstracts Source Type: research
Understand the impact of a nutrition program designed to improve health outcomes and support recovery of pregnant and parenting women with opioid use disorder.
Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Tuesday, October 19, 2021 Source Type: research
Conclusion Using the three Cs of risk management strategies—collecting information, communicating, and carefully documenting—when prescribing controlled substances supports quality patient care and can decrease the risk of improper prescribing allegations. Appendix 1. Prescribing Controlled Substances: Informed Consent Some, but not all states have promulgated various requirements and recommendations for components of an informed consent discussion when prescribing controlled substances.  The following is a compilation of current individual state requirements and recommendations for informed consent. ...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Current Issue Risk Management Source Type: research
Conclusion and Recommendations More intervention-based clinical trials are needed to provide a strong alternative candidate therapy for management of opiate use disorder. Buprenorphine, although a promising candidate, should be researched more regarding treatment retention and patient satisfaction before any conclusions can be made regarding its standard use for opiate substitution maintenance treatment of pregnant patients with opiate use disorder. Heroin-assisted treatment still cannot be considered in opiate addicts refractory to MMT; more data should be collected regarding efficacy in larger participant populations un...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Current Issue General Review buphernorphin heroin methadone opiate opiate addiction treatment withdrawal Source Type: research
As our country grapples with an “unprecedented opioid epidemic,” Congress is taking steps to take away an important tool to fight it — the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The annual cost of the epidemic is estimated to be $78.5 billion. In 2014, there were more deaths from opioid and other drug overdose than any other year; 60.9 percent of those overdoses involved an opioid. Every day, an average of 78 Americans die from opioid abuse. The coverage expansions and protections under the ACA can help lessen the epidemic and save lives. The ACA Provides Coverage to People with Substance Use Disorders Because o...
Source: Health Affairs Blog - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Following the ACA Medicaid and CHIP Public Health Essential Health Benefits Medicaid expansion opioid epidemic opioids Section 1115 Demonstration Waiver Substance Use Disorders Source Type: blogs
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