Vitamin B3 found in Marmite not proven to prevent miscarriage

Conclusion This early-stage laboratory research has pinpointed two potential genes that might be responsible for some miscarriages and birth defects. As well as identifying a problem, the researchers also managed to find a solution: the effect of these genes can be combatted by increasing vitamin B3 intake. But treating a very specific and uncommon cause of birth defects in mice is certainly not a sure-fire solution to "significantly reduce the number of miscarriages and birth defects around the world". We need future research to see if the same effect would happen in humans. Also, three of the four children included in the study were the offspring of parents who were related by blood. This might mean that the type of genetic mutations studied in this research are more specific to the children of parents who are related. A vitamin B3 supplement might have less of an effect on other types of mutations, but we can't say at this stage. Overall, it seems like upping vitamin B3 intake in mothers who are deficient might have the potential to help prevent miscarriage and congenital malformations. Testing vitamin B3 levels in pregnant women or women trying to get pregnant to see if they're deficient would identify those who might benefit the most. And eating more foods like Marmite, meats like turkey and chicken, and vegetables like mushrooms and green peas could be one way to get more vitamin B3. Long-term high-dose vitamin B3 supplements should be avoided as this ...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pregnancy/child Source Type: news

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AbstractObjectiveTo investigate the associations of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) with changes in knee cartilage composition and joint structure over 48  months, using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI).Materials and methodsA total of 1126 participants with right knee Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) score 0 –2 at baseline, no history of rheumatoid arthritis, blood pressure measurements at baseline, and cartilage T2 measurements at baseline and 48 months were selected from the OAI. Cartilage composition was assessed using MRI T2 measuremen...
Source: Skeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOsteoporosis medication in women>  80 years in clinical practice likely works, and the magnitude of effect is similar to what was estimated in younger women. The choice between osteoporosis treatment and calcium/vitamin D after fracture in women ≥ 80 years is not random but appears associated with the patient’s health stat us and presence of vertebral fractures, rather than the known risk profile of sustaining a fracture at a high age.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 July 2020Source: Pregnancy HypertensionAuthor(s): C. Birdir, L. Fox, L. Droste, M. Frank, J. Fryze, A. Enekwe, A. Köninger, R. Kimmig, B. Schmidt, A. Gellhaus
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
It is an assumption that different kinds of nutrition, diet, and functional foods might have different positive or negative effects on multiple sclerosis (MS), a neuroinflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS). This brief paper involved a study on various kinds of nutrition including salt, fat, dairy, fruit, and vegetables. At the end of this study, appropriate diets were evaluated for MS patients. Based on previous studies both on animal models and on MS patients, excessive dietary salt intake and animal fat had worsening effects on MS patients but fruit and vegetable intake helped the remission of MS and de...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Constipation is a common public health concern experienced by all individuals during their life affecting the quality of life. In this paper, we aimed to provide an overview of the existing evidence regarding the role of food ingredients, including bran, prune, fig, kiwifruit, and flax-seed in constipation treatment. We searched Scopus, Pub Med, and Science Direct by using the keywords, “laxative foods” and “constipation”, for searching studies assessing laxative food ingredients and their beneficial effects on constipation treatment and/or control. Lifestyle modifications such as increasing dietary...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Conclusion: This paper fulfills an identified need to study the environmental and political determinants underlying the Portuguese food choices.
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Background: Excessive adipose tissue, in the case of common obesity, has been associated with an endocrine-metabolic alteration that contributes to a manifestation of dyslipidemia. To identify mechanisms which are involved in disorders of lipid metabolism, several nutrients have been studied, especially zinc, which act by regulating transcription factors that are important for synthesis and oxidation of lipids and act as an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant nutrient. Thus, the study makes an assessment of the zinc status and biomarkers of cardiovascular risk in obese women. Methods: A case-control study enrolling obese (bo...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Conclusion: Patients with obesity showed a reduced dietary magnesium intake which seems to induce hypomagnesuria as a compensatory mechanism. The marker of oxidative stress evaluated in this study was not influenced by magnesium.
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Conclusion: Buns composited with snail meat powder showed a considerable potential to be used as protein rich foods in preventing protein energy malnutrition among young children.
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Conclusion: It can thus be concluded that tempeh based on carioca common beans can be an interesting alternative for stored grains, with good sensorial and functional properties and making an important nutritional contribution to the diet.
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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