Spatial Characteristics of Jaw Movements During Chewing in Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Pilot Study
This study compared jaw motion between children with cerebral palsy (CP) and their typically-developing (TD) peers during chewing. The jaw movements of 11 children with spastic CP (GMFCS levels II –V) all of whom were exclusively oral feeders with no reported clinical issues with feeding [mean age = 7.49 (2.30) years; 7 males, 4 females] and 11 age- and sex-matched TD peers [mean age = 7.54 (2.35) years] were recorded using optical motion capture. Participants chewed five trials of thre e different consistencies, including puree, mechanical soft, and solid. For each chewing sequence, the path distance (total amount of distance traveled by the jaw), average jaw speed, and working space (total 3-dimensional size of the jaw movements during chewing) were calculated. The CP group had g reater path distances for mechanical soft and solids (p
Ya-Ching Hung, Kathleen M. Friel, Andrew M. Gordon
Condition: Cerebral Palsy Spastic Diplegia Intervention: Behavioral: Short Burst Interval Locomotor Treadmill Training (SBLTT) Sponsors: Seattle Children's Hospital; Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans Completed
It was the morning after their baby son Isaac had come home from the hospital, and Jennifer and Brian Campbell were performing the same sweet act of bonding as many new parents: giving him a bath in the sink. But as they maneuvered around the room, they suddenly realized something was very wrong. “I fell to the floor and started screaming and crying as formula shot out of his stomach,” remembers Jennifer. “I thought we’d broken him.” The reality, of course, was that the Campbells were simply adjusting to their new “normal” — something any parent of a medically complex child c...
A selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) is a surgical procedure used to relieve spasticity associated with cerebral palsy (CP). During SDR, specific sensory rootlets contributing to spasticity are cut, leaving non-contributory sensory rootlets and all motor roots intact (Fig. 1). The peripartum anesthetic management of patients who have undergone a SDR is not well elucidated, and the efficacy of neuraxial anesthesia in these patients has not been described. This case series describes two obstetric patients who underwent SDR in childhood; and subsequently received neuraxial anesthesia for delivery.
AimCognitive impairments have been established as part of the non‐motor phenomenology of adult dystonia. In childhood dystonia, the extent of cognitive impairments is less clear. This systematic review aims to present an overview of the existing literature to elucidate the cognitive profile of primary and secondary childhood dystonia. MethodStudies focusing on cognition in childhood dystonia were searched in MEDLINE and PsychInfo up to October 2017. We included studies on idiopathic and genetic forms of dystonia as well as dystonia secondary to cerebral palsy and inborn errors of metabolism. ResultsThirty‐four studies ...
CONCLUSION: Functional electrical stimulation and ankle foot orthoses have an equally positive therapeutic effect on walking speed in non-progressive central nervous system diagnoses. The current randomized controlled trial evidence base does not show whether this improvement translates into the user's own environment or reveal the mechanisms that achieve that change. Future studies should focus on measuring activity, muscle activity and gait kinematics. They should also report specific device details, capture sustained therapeutic effects and involve a variety of central nervous system diagnoses. PMID: 29227525 [PubMe...
Conditions: Prematurity; Cerebral Palsy Interventions: Other: NICU-based rehabilitation bundle; Other: Standard of care Sponsor: University of Virginia Not yet recruiting
The goal of this study was to explore the association between neonatal infection and outcomes in children with cerebral palsy (CP).
Lisa Mailleux, Cristina Simon-Martinez, Katrijn Klingels, Ellen Jaspers, Kaat Desloovere, Philippe Demaerel, Simona Fiori, Andrea Guzzetta, Els Ortibus, Hilde Feys