Comparison of efficacy, safety, and quality of life between sorafenib and sunitinib as first-line therapy for Chinese patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma.
This study aimed to compare the efficacy, safety, and quality of life (QoL) in Chinese mRCC patients treated with sorafenib and sunitinib as first-line therapy. METHODS: Clinical data of patients with mRCC who received sorafenib (400 mg twice daily; 4 weeks) or sunitinib (50 mg twice daily; on a schedule of 4 weeks on treatment followed by 2 weeks off) were retrieved. Primary outcomes were overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), adverse events (AEs), and QoL (SF-36 scores), and secondary outcomes were associations of clinical characteristics with QoL. RESULTS: Medical records of 184 patients (110 in the sorafenib group and 74 in the sunitinib group) were reviewed. PFS and OS were comparable between the sorafenib and sunitinib groups (both P > 0.05). The occurrence rates of leukocytopenia, thrombocytopenia, and hypothyroidism were higher in the sunitinib group (36.5% vs. 10.9%, P
Authors: Bagheri Z, Labbani-Motlagh Z, Mirjalili M, Karimzadeh I, Khalili H Abstract Cytopenia is common complication in critically ill patients. Aim: Incidence and pattern of different types of cytopenia as well as its impact on mortality and length of stay in critically ill patients were evaluated. Methods: Critically ill patients with any kind of cytopenia for more than 2 days were evaluated. Results: Anemia was the most common type of cytopenia in the patients (99.14%), followed by lymphocytopenia (32.17%), thrombocytopenia (27.82%), and leukopenia (19.13%). Mortality rate was significantly higher in patients with anemia (p
CONCLUSION: Structural prevention measures in addition to behavioral measures enable a reduction of the cancer risk caused by UV radiation. The aim must be to establish these measures nationwide for the entire population. PMID: 32494842 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study sought to determine the incidence rates of all gynecologic, including peritoneal, malignancies in the U.S. Active Duty population compared to the general US population as reported in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program database. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gynecologic cancers diagnosed in U.S. Active Duty women aged 20-59 between 2004 and 2013 were retrospectively ascertained. Cancer cases were identified in both the Automated Central Tumor Registry and the Military Health System Data Repository. All cases in Automated Central Tumor Registry plus cases recorded in Military Health System Data R...
CONCLUSION: Data suggest different roles of opioidergic system and their antagonist in pain control and mood in PTSD. However, further investigations need to be done in order to reveal the role of endogenous opioidergic system and opioidergic antagonist system as a mediator in PTSD patients suffering from acute or chronic pain. PMID: 32492768 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: MSG administered parenterally to the higher dose to adult rats affects the immunoreactivity of S100β protein in PAG. Phenotypic changes of the studied cells may indicate reactivity of glial cells and increased expression of the studied protein whereas a decrease in their number may result from the increased protein secretion into the extracellular space or cytotoxic death of glial cells. PMID: 32495938 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 5 June 2020Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): Maryam Kasraeian, Kamran Hessami, Homeira Vafaei, Nasrin Asadi, Leila Foroughinia, Shohreh Roozmeh, Khadije Bazrfashan
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2020Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): María Jesús Rubio, María José Lecumberri, Silvia Varela, Jesús Alarcón, María Eugenia Ortega, Lydia Gaba, Jaime Espinós, Julia Calzas, Pilar Barretina, Isabel Ruiz, Gloria Marquina, Ana Santaballa
CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide new insights into the biology driving metastasis in PTCs and highlight how lncRNAs cooperate with coding transcripts to sustain these processes. PMID: 32495722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Fusion genes were the most common genetic cause of pediatric PTCs. Fusion gene positive PTCs showed more aggressive behavior than fusion gene negative PTCs. Several novel rearrangements were identified. Fusion genes seem to be a molecular marker number one in pediatric PTC patients. PMID: 32495721 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
LUNG CANCER symptoms include difficulty breathing, headaches, and persistent chest pain. But you could also be at risk of an advanced tumour if you develop a subtle sign on your eyes. Could you be at risk of lung cancer?