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The effects of intranasal dexmedetomidine premedication in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis

ConclusionsIntranasal dexmedetomidine provided more satisfactory sedation at parent separation and reduced the need for rescue analgesics and the incidence of nasal irritation and postoperative nausea and vomiting when compared with other premedication treatments.
Source: Canadian Journal of Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

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Condition:   Children Under General Anaesthesia Intervention:   Device: TIBD Sponsors:   Universidad de Valparaiso;   Hospital Carlos van Buren Chile Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
The main objective of this study was a detailed comparison of the level of anxiety about surgery and anesthesia. Other objectives included the assessment of the prevalence and intensity of preoperative anxiety.
Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Inserting a smaller sized peripheral intravenous catheter did not result in a lower pain sensation. Moreover, to prevent pain upon inserting a peripheral intravenous catheter, an unsuccessful attempt must be avoided. PMID: 29772984 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on Wednesdayannounced the approval of Lucemyra (lofexidine hydrochloride) for the treatment of symptoms associated with opioid withdrawal in adults 18 and older. These can include anxiety, agitation, drug craving, muscle aches, sleep problems, stomach cramps, and more. Lucemyra —an oral, selective alpha 2-adrenergic receptor agonist—is approved for treatment up to 14 days.This medication “provides a new option that allows providers to work with patients to select the treatment best suited to an individual’s needs,” said Sharon Hertz, M.D., director of the...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: alpha 2-adrenergic receptor agonist FDA Food and Drug Administration lofexidine hydrochloride Lucemyra opioid taper opioid withdrawal US WorldMeds Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Increased preoperative fasting duration may be a risk factor for postoperative emergence delirium in children undergoing ophthalmic examination under general anesthesia. PMID: 29752842 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research
Conclusion: Dental hygiene students demonstrated decreased anxiety levels regarding administering and receiving an intraoral injection regardless of the assigned practice device in this pilot study. While use of a training needle was not shown to be superior at reducing anxiety in novice student operators when compared to a cotton tipped applicator, it may be a useful device for teaching local anesthesia administration techniques. PMID: 29739848 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Dental Hygiene - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Dent Hyg Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: For a subset of paediatric patients for which standard immunization procedures have failed, distraction techniques and conscious sedation enable immunizations to be given safely and effectively. Future research will develop protocols to streamline immunization procedures under sedation. PMID: 29753606 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
This study aims to investigate the relationship between emotion regulation characteristics and the efficacy of midazolam premedication. Materials and methods: Sixty-three children, aged 3 to 8 years old, with tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy and taking premedication with midazolam (Group 2) or without premedication (Group 1), were included in this study. The behavioral and emotional status of the children was evaluated with the Conners Parent Rating Scale-48 (CPRS-48) and Emotion Regulation Checklist (ERC). Age, sex, body weight, response to intravenous (IV) cannulation and mask, hemodynamic data, preoperative sedat...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
Conditions:   Pain, Postoperative;   Anxiety Interventions:   Procedure: Personalized quantum sonotherapy;   Procedure: Placebo Sponsor:   CES University Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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