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The effects of intranasal dexmedetomidine premedication in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis

ConclusionsIntranasal dexmedetomidine provided more satisfactory sedation at parent separation and reduced the need for rescue analgesics and the incidence of nasal irritation and postoperative nausea and vomiting when compared with other premedication treatments.
Source: Canadian Journal of Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

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The Yale expert discusses tomophobia — the fear of surgery — and what anesthesiologists can do to alleviate the condition.
Source: Yale Science and Health News - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Previous studies have shown that cyclooxygenase-2, a key enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to prostaglandins, is involved in anxiety and cognitive processes, but few studies have investigated the effects o...
Source: BMC Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Benefits of hypnosis sedation on breast cancer treatment are very encouraging and further promote the concept of integrative oncology. PMID: 29136523 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Breast - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Breast Source Type: research
Adjustment in the doses of opioids has been a focus of interest for achieving better fast-track conditions in cardiac anesthesia, but relatively sparse information exists on the potential effect of psychologic and behavioral factors, such as stress, anxiety, and type of personality, on anesthesia requirements and patient turnover in the cardiac recovery unit (CRU); to the authors ’ knowledge, this particular focus has not been systematically investigated. In this randomized study, the authors tested the hypothesis that low-dose sufentanil, compared with a standard dose, can improve fast-track parameters and the overa...
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Heart disease is estimated to affect approximately 11% of the dog population, with 75 to 80% of canine heart disease classified as chronic valvular heart disease, also called endocardiosis. Periodontal disease is also common in dogs – potentially among the most common diseases of older dogs. The presence of heart disease in dogs requiring general anesthesia for dental treatment represents an important source of anxiety among both practicing veterinarians and pet owners. In some dogs afflicted with both heart and periodontal d isease, needed dental procedures are denied or delayed because of this fear.
Source: Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery - Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Cardiology Source Type: research
Most parents dress their baby girls in headbands for fun. But for Addison Quandt, these accessories, adorned with bows and flowers, weren’t a frivolous fashion statement. Instead, they helped hold in place the gauze that covered a large hemangioma on the back of her neck. “People always said what a fashionable baby she was,” says her mom, Dianne. “If they only knew.” Addison was born with four hemangiomas, common benign vascular tumors that typically appear as red birthmarks within a week or two of birth. In many cases, they don’t cause problems and clear up without treatment. But not on...
Source: Thrive, Children's Hospital Boston - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Diseases & Conditions Our Patients’ Stories Dr. Belinda Dickie Dr. Denise Adams Dr. Marilyn Liang hemangioma Vascular Anomalies Center Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Smoking, severe periodontal inflammation and dental anxiety were identified as factors associated with pain after non-surgical scaling and root planing with local anesthesia. Dental anxiety was also a factor associated with postoperative analgesic use. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 29078012 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Clinical Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: J Clin Periodontol Source Type: research
(American Society of Anesthesiologists) Patients significantly overestimate the anticipated amount of pain they'll experience following surgery, which researchers say can cause unnecessary anxiety in patients, according to a study being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY ® 2017 annual meeting. Patients who receive regional anesthesia, such as peripheral nerve blocks, epidurals or spinal anesthesia, were most likely to overestimate their postoperative pain.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Abstract This educational review presents an overview of opioid use disorder, misuse and overdose among adolescents, and the clinical implications for anesthesiologists. It provides definitions, discusses the epidemiology worldwide, (focusing on North America), and emphasizes the clinical implications of patients with chronic opioid exposure, including perioperative pain management, as well as opioid overdose and prolonged use of opioids after acute exposure. In the USA, opioid use disorder and negative outcomes related to opioids rose dramatically from 1999-2010; concomitantly heroin use and fatal overdoses have ...
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research
Summary This educational review presents an overview of opioid use disorder, misuse and overdose among adolescents, and the clinical implications for anesthesiologists. It provides definitions, discusses the epidemiology worldwide, (focusing on North America), and emphasizes the clinical implications of patients with chronic opioid exposure, including perioperative pain management, as well as opioid overdose and prolonged use of opioids after acute exposure. In the USA, opioid use disorder and negative outcomes related to opioids rose dramatically from 1999‐2010; concomitantly heroin use and fatal overdoses have increase...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: EDUCATIONAL REVIEW Source Type: research
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