Log in to search using one of your social media accounts:


Contribution of the nasal passage to face mask ventilation: a prospective blinded randomized crossover trial

AbstractBackgroundPrevious studies have shown that the nasal passage plays an important role in manual face mask ventilation, but this has yet to be quantitatively assessed. We conducted a prospective randomized crossover clinical trial to compare the change in pressure-controlled face mask tidal volume with and without nasal airway occlusion.MethodFemale patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia served as study subjects. Patients were randomly assigned to face mask ventilation beginning either with or without nasal passage occlusion (achieved with a swimmer ’s nose clip), followed by removal or application of the nose clip, respectively. After standardized induction of general anesthesia and muscle paralysis, a tight-fitting face mask was applied to each patient, and tidal volume was measured by the anesthesia machine during pressure-controlled venti lation (10, 15, 20 cm H2O; 8 breaths ·min−1; inspiratory:expiratory ratio 1:2).ResultsThe median [interquartile range] tidal volume was lower withvs without nasal passage occlusion at 10 cm H2O inspiratory pressure (100 [55-134] mLvs 300 [230-328] mL, respectively; median difference (MD), 200 mL; 95% confidence interval (CI), 157 to 229;P
Source: Canadian Journal of Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Conclusions Based on the literature and our own clinical experience, ECT seems to be a safe option for the treatment of core psychopathology with comorbid MG as long as appropriate precautions are in place, particularly when choosing an anesthetic approach.
Source: The Journal of ECT - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
We report the successful ECT treatment of depression in an older man who had developed a subarachnoid hemorrhage after a suicide attempt by ingestion of antifreeze.
Source: The Journal of ECT - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
Conclusions Although it is difficult to determine the exact role of ECT in the improvement of 63% of our cases, we present a series of patients for whom pharmacotherapy, ketogenic diet, and general anesthesia otherwise did not produce an appreciable effect on status prior to implementation of ECT. These findings suggest that cases of SRSE may benefit from ECT administration.
Source: The Journal of ECT - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
Condition:   Anesthesia Interventions:   Drug: Magnesium Sulfate;   Other: Normal Saline Sponsor:   University of British Columbia Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Hypotension on Induction Intervention:   Sponsor:   Seoul National University Hospital Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Morbid Obesity;   Anesthesia Awareness;   Anesthesia Complication Interventions:   Device: Regional cerebral oxygen saturation;   Device: Bispectral Index (BIS) Sponsor:   Inonu University Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Tarıkçı Kılıç E, Aydın G Abstract BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effects of intravenous dexmedetomidine during spinal anesthesia on hemodynamics, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, sedpain, and compared them with those of saline infusion. Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II cases were randomly divided into two groups. Patients were connected to the monitor after premedication, and spinal anesthesia was administered. Sensory and motor blockades were assessed using pinprick test and Bromage scale, respectively. Group I received dexmedetomidine infusion and ...
Source: Libyan Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Libyan J Med Source Type: research
This study aimed at analyzing the effect of the temporary removal of trigeminal dental afferents on electrogustometric thresholds (EGMt).Material and methodsEGMt were measured in 300 healthy subjects randomized in three groups, in nine loci on the right and left side (RS, LS) of the tongue surface before and after anesthesia. Group IAN (n = 56 RS,n = 44 LS) received intraosseous local anesthesia of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN). Group MdN received mandibular nerve (MdN) block targeting IAN before its entrance into the mandibular foramen (n = 60, RS, andn = 40, LS); group MxN rece...
Source: Clinical Oral Investigations - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Bj ørn E. Juel, Luis Romundstad, Frode Kolstad, Johan F. Storm, Pål G. Larsson
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
1 –3 March 2018, Scottsdale, United States
Source: Scientific and Medical Events on Global Events List - Category: Science Source Type: events
More News: Anesthesia | Anesthesiology | Canada Health | Clinical Trials | Study