Viral surveillance using PCR during treatment of AML and ALL

Abstract BackgroundWhile viral surveillance of cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), and adenovirus using PCR is routine in patients undergoing hematopoetic stem cell transplant and solid organ transplant, the utility in the nontransplant pediatric leukemia population is unknown. Our institution screens patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) for viral DNAemia by PCR as part of clinical care. ProcedureThis retrospective chart review included patients treated for newly diagnosed or relapsed AML or ALL between April 2010 and September 2014. We retrieved data for viral PCR screening, detection and quantification, duration of positivity, and prophylaxis or treatment. ResultsOne hundred eleven patients were included in analyses. Forty (36.0%) had at least one blood PCR positive for EBV, CMV, or adenovirus. Patients with ALL had significantly higher rates of persistent viral detection and treatment than those with AML (P
Source: Pediatric Blood and Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

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