Medical News Today: Could probiotics help to fight multiple sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis, a debilitating autoimmune disease, is difficult to treat. New research looking at the role of gut bacteria offers new hope.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Multiple Sclerosis Source Type: news

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This study aims to evaluate for the first time the seroprevalence of EBV in Cypriot MS patients. The serum of 133 MS patients and 101 healthy controls (HCs) was used to determine the positivity index of the EBV nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA-1) IgG, viral capsid antigen (VCA) IgG, and early antigen-D (EA-D) IgG, using ELISA. All MS patients were seropositive for both EBNA-1 IgG and VCA IgG as compared to 94.1% (Fisher’s exact test, p = 0.0059) and 93.1% (Fisher’s exact test, p = 0.0025) of HCs respectively. Furthermore, the positivity indexes of both antibodies were significantly higher in ...
Source: Molecular Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe emphasize the rarity of this antibody combination in children and suggest these patients, although clinically improved, may require longer follow-up due to the risk of recurrence of two autoimmune disorders.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a complicated illness, and the cause, or causes, remain unknown. Research has shown that OCD is seen more frequently than usual in those with various physical disorders, such as muscular dystrophy. An October 2018 study published in Frontiers in Immunology highlights a connection between OCD and another disease — multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a debilitating autoimmune disorder, where the body’s immune system goes haywire and attacks healthy cells. It affects over two million people worldwide and has no known cure. Patients with multiple sclerosis and other autoi...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Health-related OCD Research Compulsions Multiple Sclerosis Obsessions Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Source Type: blogs
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the motor function, as well as the degree of demyelination and inflammatory changes in the brains of mice immunized for the myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)35-55, and treated with Cerebrolysin. Animals were randomly assigned to one of the three groups: (i) EAE untreated group (n=10), (ii) EAE treated group (n=10), and (iii) control group (n=5), and their motor dysfunction was followed until the clinical pathology begun to improve. We also analyzed histologically and immunohistochemically the lesions in the optical nerves, cervical spinal cord and medulla. Our results showed high...
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research
Abstract Given the multifactorial state of autoimmune complex diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS), it is not clear if different risk factors act jointly or independently. Despite intensive studies investigating multi aspects of MS risk factors, findings with regards to potential biomarkers that may link these risk factors remained largely inconclusive. System biology or data integration utilizes different validated datasets to extract meaningful information and map the plausible biological pathways and networks. As such, we integrated eight transcriptome datasets to find the differentially expressed miRNAs in...
Source: Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Gene Source Type: research
ConclusionWhile age at onset is a factor that cannot be controlled in NMOSD, we can reduce the delay in diagnosis/preventive treatment and reduce future relapses in the brain/brainstem and spinal cord. Delay in diagnosis/preventive treatment and imaging variables that contributed to increased disability support the need for improved measures for early, accurate diagnosis and management of NMOSD, and aggressive treatment of acute relapses.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionMRI-guided focused ultrasound systems exist that can, in principle, deliver the ultrasound protocol we successfully tested here. In addition, MRI, as the clinical gold standard, can readily identify MS lesions. Given the relatively low intensity values of our ultrasound protocol – close to FDA limits – we anticipate that future success with this approach to MS therapy as tested using more realistic MS mouse models may one day translate to clinical trials that help address this devastating disease.
Source: Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune neurodegenerative disease, which usually caused by inflammation, demyelination, and axonal injury. The currently available medications for multiple sclerosis do not directly promote myelin sheath repair. Therefore, many researches have attempted to achieve better therapeutic effects through promoting remyelination. Natural products not only alleviate clinical symptoms, but also have the unique advantages of protecting and repairing effects on nervous system. We here present a systematic review on published papers about treating multiple sclerosis by natural products, ai...
Source: International Immunopharmacology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Int Immunopharmacol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2018Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Carla Francisco, Emmanuelle WaubantAbstractA novel autoantibody, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-IgG, has recently been associated with cases of meningoencephalomyelitis1,2,3,4,5,7. This entity is still being unraveled. Very few pediatric patients have been identified; thus, the clinical, biological and imaging phenotype remains to be defined. Herein we describe the clinical course of a 6-year-old patient initially suspected to have a demyelinating disease but ultimately diagnosed with GFAP-IgG positive autoi...
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2018Source: SeizureAuthor(s): Man Amanat, Roland Thijs, Mona Salehi, Josemir W. SanderAbstractThe risk of epileptic seizures seems increased in several systemic autoimmune disorders including systemic lupus erythematosus, type 1 diabetes mellitus, myasthenia gravis, celiac disease, rheumatoid arthritis, Hashimoto’s encephalopathy, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis optica, and bullous pemphigoid. Immune dysfunction may be partly responsible for this association. Elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, autoantibodies seen in these autoimmune disorders and ...
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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