Cervical artificial disc extrusion after a paragliding accident.
CONCLUSION: Overall, CAD extrusion is a rare event. This case is likely the result of insufficient osseous integration. Patients undergoing cervical TDR should avoid high-risk activities to prevent trauma that could compromise the disc's placement, and future design/research should focus on how to enhance osseous integration at the interface while minimizing excessive heterotopic ossification. PMID: 28781915 [PubMed]
Study Design. Retrospective cohort study. Objective. The goal of the present study was to determine whether neck pain responds differently to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) between patients with cervical radiculopathy and/or cervical myelopathy. Summary of Background Data. Many patients who undergo ACDF because of radiculopathy/myelopathy also complain of neck pain. However, no studies have compared the response of significant neck pain to ACDF. Methods. Patients undergoing one to three-level primary ACDF for radiculopathy and/or myelopathy with significant (Visual Analogue Scale [VAS] ≥ 3) ne...
Conclusion. More patients returned to work at 6 weeks after CDA compared with ACDF, although there was no difference by 6 months. After 2 years, a nonsignificant trend toward higher employment rates in the arthroplasty group was evident, but this difference could not be validated due to the very high rate of loss of patients to the follow-up. Level of Evidence: 2
Sandeep Diwan, Won Uk Koh, Ki Jinn Chin, Abhijit NairSaudi Journal of Anaesthesia 2020 14(4):535-537 Posterior decompression and instrumentation of the cervical spine are associated with severe postoperative pain due to extensive soft tissue and muscle dissection during the surgery. In this case series, we describe bilateral continuous cervical erector spinae plane block (CESPB) placed at T1-2 through the thoracic erector spinae plane. A series of 4 patients underwent posterior cervical decompression and stabilization for various surgical indications. The CESPB block provides intense analgesia with low requirements of ane...
Conclusions: Irrespective of the BMI, all patients exhibited similar satisfactory outcomes following ACDF. The results support surgery in all subgroups of patients with symptomatic nerve compression in the cervical spine. PMID: 32951406 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
There exists a subgroup of patients who undergo neck dissection (ND) who postoperatively complain of either neuropathic pain, dysaesthesia and/or discomfort that is located within the dermatomal distribution of the cervical plexus. The purpose of our study was to determine the prevalence, characteristic, and demographics of these symptoms in our patient cohort. We undertook a retrospective randomised observational cohort study of 105 patients who had undergone ND. The primary predictor variable was the undertaking of a ND.
This study had limited inclusion and exclusion criteria and a well-controlled intervention. It was assumed that both techniques could obtain the similar postoperative effects. Trial registration: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5878).
Conclusion: This study showed that both METs and AROM exercises were effective in im-proving shoulder range of motion, function and reducing pain in patients post MRND but-Muscle Energy Techniques were more effective when compared to AROM exercises.. PMID: 32856870 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Study Design. Retrospective analysis of outcomes in single-level spine and primary hip and knee arthroplasty patients. Objective. The aim of this study was to compare baseline and postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing spine surgery procedures with total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to further define outcomes in orthopedic surgery. Summary of Background Data. Computer-adaptive Patient Reported Outcome Information System (PROMIS) allows for standardized assessment of the health-related quality of life across different disease states. Methods. Patients who underwent spine surgery...
Publication date: Available online 19 August 2020Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryAuthor(s): A. Ramphul, GR Hoffman, S. Islam, AC McGarvey, AD Powell
Conclusion. Patients with worse preoperative disability as measured by PROMIS PF reported increased pain but comparable narcotics consumption in the immediate postoperative period following a single-level ACDF procedure. Furthermore, patients experienced similar long-term postoperative improvement of PROs regardless of preoperative physical function. PROMIS PF can efficiently quantify physical function before and after the ACDF procedure as self-evaluated by patients. Level of Evidence: 3