Detecting and Attributing Health Burdens to Climate Change

Conclusions: The results of detection and attribution studies can inform evidence-based risk management to reduce current, and plan for future, changes in health risks associated with climate change. Gaining a better understanding of the size, timing, and distribution of the climate change burden of disease and injury requires reliable long-term data sets, more knowledge about the factors that confound and modify the effects of climate on health, and refinement of analytic techniques for detection and attribution. At the same time, significant advances are possible in the absence of complete data and statistical certainty: there is a place for well-informed judgments, based on understanding of underlying processes and matching of patterns of health, climate, and other determinants of human well-being. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1509 Received: 21 December 2016 Revised: 31 March 2017 Accepted: 17 April 2017 Published: 07 August 2017 Please address correspondence to K.L. Ebi, Dept. of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 USA. Telephone: (206) 543-8440. Email: krisebi@uw.edu The authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests. Note to readers with disabilities: EHP strives to ensure that all journal content is accessible to all readers. However, some figures and Supplemental Material published in EHP articles may not conform to 508 standards due to the complexity of the information being presented. If...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

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Authors: Mendenhall E, Musau A, Bosire E, Mutiso V, Ndetei D, Rock M Abstract Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a condition that both results from and produces social and psychological suffering. As 'diabetes' increases among low income patients in poorer nations, new challenges arise that drive, co-occur, and result from the condition. In this article, we describe how social suffering produces diabetes by way of addressing the varied social, psychological, and biological factors that drive diabetes and are reflected in diabetes experiences among patients seeking care at a public hospital in Nairobi, Kenya. We recruited ...
Source: Anthropology and Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Anthropol Med Source Type: research
This report shares key lessons learned for community engagement practices during a malaria outbreak response in the Los Tres Brazos neighborhood of urban Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic from 2015-2016. In this two-year period, 233 cases of malaria were reported-more than seven times the number of cases (31) reported in the previous two years. The initial outbreak response by the national malaria program emphasized "top-down" interventions such as active surveillance, vector control, and educative talks within the community. Despite a transient reduction in reported cases in mid-2015, transmission resurged at th...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research
Conclusions: The bibliometric analysis allowed to objectively record the productivity and visibility of the Regional System for Vaccines for Streptococcus pneumoniae in the Region. PMID: 32774349 [PubMed]
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research
Authors: Marín-Sánchez A Abstract The basic clinical characteristics of the first 100 fatal cases from COVID-19 in Colombia were analyzed based on reports from the National Institute of Health (INS) since the beginning of the pandemic. Since the INS records do not include clinical variables of comorbidity in the total number of cases reported as positive, but only in patients with fatal outcome, comorbidities, age and sex available in the daily INS reports were reviewed. Their frequency was identified and mortality risk behavior for the analyzed variables was established and compared with the behavior...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
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Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
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Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2020Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, Volume 62Author(s): Gayathri S., Varun P. Gopi, P. Palanisamy
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Future initiatives to engage preconception women should span the social-ecological model of health and consider women's personal preferences for accessible and tailored preconception health information and support at individual, interpersonal, community and organisational levels, as well as in the broader environment. SO WHAT?: This research provides guidance to those in health promotion when planning future initiatives to promote and protect women's preconception health. PMID: 32780533 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Health Promotion Journal of Australia - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot J Austr Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Survey data indicates UV radiation is inconsistently understood by PSTs. Many felt they did not have the required knowledge or skill to teach sun safety effectively. SO WHAT?: Improving PSTs UV radiation knowledge while at university is a potential opportunity to improve sun safety delivery in primary schools. A targeted intervention for PSTs is warranted. PMID: 32770684 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Health Promotion Journal of Australia - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot J Austr Source Type: research
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