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Driving safety and fitness to drive in sleep disorders - Tippin J, Dyken ME.

Driving an automobile while sleepy increases the risk of crash-related injury and death. Neurologists see patients with sleepiness due to obstructive sleep apnea, narcolepsy, and a wide variety of neurologic disorders. When addressing fitness to drive, the...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

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Authors: Pelizza P Abstract For a long time, European legislation has not considered the Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) a relevant factor for road safety. In Italy, in 2010 the Scientific Society of Legal Medicine COMLAS published Guidelines for the assessment of fitness to drive. An entire chapter, written in collaboration with the Commission "Sleepiness, Safety and Transportation" of the Italian Association of Sleep Medicine (AIMS), is dedicated to the criteria for assessing fitness to drive of people with OSAS or narcolepsy. Only in 2016, following the adoption of European Commission Directive...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research
Authors: Ferini-Strambi L, Sforza M, Poletti M, Giarrusso F, Galbiati A Abstract Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS) is a common condition with a significant impact on quality of life and general health. A mild form of sleepiness can be associated with reduced reactivity and modest distractibility symptoms, but more severe symptomatic forms are characterized by an overwhelming and uncontrollable need to sleep, causing sudden sleep attacks, amnesia and automatic behaviors. The prevalence in the general population is between 10 and 25%. Furthermore, EDS has been considered a core symptom of obstructive sleep apnea (OS...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research
ConclusionsPediatric patients with EDS had various sleep disorders and some did not have any sleep disorder despite EDS. More than half the patients with EDS showed depressive feelings affecting their daily lives. For pediatric patients with EDS, a systematic diagnostic approach including questionnaires for sleep habits and emotion and PSG is essential for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric patients with EDS had various sleep disorders and some did not have any sleep disorder despite EDS. More than half the patients with EDS showed depressive feelings affecting their daily lives. For pediatric patients with EDS, a systematic diagnostic approach including questionnaires for sleep habits and emotion and PSG is essential for accurate diagnosis and treatment. PMID: 28822033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
Many people die or become disabled because of motor vehicle accidents. Scientific data suggest that sleepy drivers or those driving at odd hours are more likely to make driving mistakes. Patients with obstructive sleep apnea and narcolepsy have been found ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
This article discusses the diagnosis and management of key childhood sleep disorders. Recent Findings: The role of sleep in memory consolidation and in the facilitation of learning has been increasingly recognized, even at the toddler stage. Cataplexy, a key feature of narcolepsy type 1, may be subtle in childhood and characterized by transient muscle weakness isolated to the face. Children with obstructive sleep apnea and restless legs syndrome display prominent neurobehavioral symptoms such as daytime inattentiveness and hyperactivity, so it is important to elicit a sleep history when these symptoms are encountered. Sys...
Source: CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
ABSTRACT: Driving an automobile while sleepy increases the risk of crash-related injury and death. Neurologists see patients with sleepiness due to obstructive sleep apnea, narcolepsy, and a wide variety of neurologic disorders. When addressing fitness to drive, the physician must weigh patient and societal health risks and regional legal mandates. The Driver Fitness Medical Guidelines published by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators (AAMVA) provide assistance to clinicians. Drivers with obstructive sleep apnea may continue to drive if they...
Source: CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: Practice Issues Source Type: research
To identify improvements in daytime sleepiness following adenotonsillectomy in children with non-severe obstructive sleep apnea and narcolepsy.
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
PMID: 28623528 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
More News: Brain | Narcolepsy | Neurology | Obstructive Sleep Apnea | Sleep Apnea | Sleep Disorders | Sleep Medicine