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Evaluating Random Error in Clinician-Administered Surveys: Theoretical Considerations and Clinical Applications of Interobserver Reliability and Agreement.

Conclusions: This study demonstrates that the methodology used to evaluate survey score concordance can influence the statistical results obtained and thus affect clinical interpretations. PMID: 28768319 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Audiology - Category: Audiology Authors: Tags: Am J Audiol Source Type: research

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Authors: Roemer A, Lenarz T, Lesinski-Schiedat A Abstract One of the rare genetic diseases with sensory hearing loss is the microdeletion 7q syndrome. First described in the 1990s, only 7 cases of patients with this disease are described in the literature. Although this mutation is not well known, otological treatment is necessary if the DFNA5 gene is affected. A mutation in this gene leads to progressive hearing loss. Affected children therefore need regular evaluation of their hearing to ensure adequate treatment with hearing aids at early stages. We now present a case of an affected child with sen...
Source: HNO - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research
This study will advance our understanding of the availability, quality, and use of decision aids for life-sustaining interventions targeted at seriously ill patients. We also aim to provide patients, their families, and friends, along with their clinicians, a broad set of resources for making life-sustaining treatment decisions. Although we intend to capture all patient decision aids for the seriously ill in our review, we anticipate the possibility that we may miss some decision aids. In addition to publishing our findings in an academic journal, we plan to post our inventory online in an easy-to-read format for public an...
Source: The Patient - Patient-Centered Outcomes Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusions/Importance: Healthcare for a new generation of sexual minority males must address the synergy of these behaviors and also nest HIV prevention and care within a larger context of sexual minority health that acknowledges the advances made in the last three decades. PMID: 28820622 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
Source: My journey with AIDS - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: autobiography Source Type: blogs
AbstractAdherence to product use in biomedical HIV prevention trials is essential to success. In MTN-017, a Phase 2 rectal microbicide gel trial, participants discussed applicator-inserted gel use in the context of receptive anal intercourse (RAI) with adherence counselors. We analyzed counseling session data to identify barriers to and facilitators of gel use for 26 participants in the United States who used gel with RAI as their first of three study regimens. The most common barriers were finding the gel application process cumbersome, physical discomfort after applying gel, difficulty with BAT-24 dosage regimen, and neg...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: 18 September 2017 Source:Physics Letters A, Volume 381, Issue 35 Author(s): Ramón E.R. González, Iury A.X. Santos, Marcos G.P. Nunes, Viviane M. de Oliveira, Anderson L.R. Barbosa We use the tools of the random matrix theory (RMT) to investigate the statistical behavior of the evolution of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. By means of the nearest-neighbor spacing distribution we have identified four distinct regimes of the evolution of HIV infection. We verified that at the beginning of the so-called clinical latency phase the concentration of infected cells grows slowly and evo...
Source: Physics Letters A - Category: Physics Source Type: research
One of the biggest current challenges in managing an ageing cohort living with the HIV is handling dyslipidaemia, diabetes, metabolic syndrome and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Combination antiretroviral therapy decrease mortality and morbidity in HIV patients, but lead to increase in insulin resistance, dyslipidaemia, abnormalities of fat distribution and high risk of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, a metabolic clinic was established for individuals living with HIV in the Milton Keynes University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust. The clinic meets considerable demands by service users and hence has the potential to be ...
Source: Cardiovascular Endocrinology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Recommendations are made to promote ethical integrity in conducting mental health research with adolescents. A balance is needed between protecting adolescents from exploitation and permitting access to benefits of research. Requiring parental consent for all research does not necessarily give effect to policy. For the vast majority of SA HIV-positive adolescents, parental consent is not possible. Section 71 of the NHA ought to be amended to facilitate valuable and necessary research concerning HIV-positive orphan children and adolescents. PMID: 28809613 [PubMed - in process]
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
We make a list of laws, regulations, topics, and current issues in healthcare together. If you think of something that's not on the list, copy and paste the current list and add your suggestion. I'll start: - Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) - HIPAA - Patient Self-Determination Act - American Health Care Act (Trumpcare) - MD/DO Merger - Single-payer healthcare - Universal healthcare - Opioid epidemic - Addiction treatment and drug decriminalization - HIV/AIDS - Overusage of antibiotics &... Let's form a list of healthcare topics together to know about for interviews.
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Source Type: forums
[Zambia Reports] President Edgar Lungu has dared stakeholders planning to take him to court over his recent pronouncement on mandatory HIV testing to go ahead.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
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