Developmental PBDE Exposure and IQ/ADHD in Childhood: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Conclusion: We concluded there was sufficient evidence supporting an association between developmental PBDE exposure and reduced IQ. Preventing developmental exposure to PBDEs could help prevent loss of human intelligence. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1632 Received: 16 January 2017 Revised: 28 April 2017 Accepted: 28 April 2017 Published: 03 August 2017 Address correspondence to J. Lam, Program on Reproductive Health and the Environment, University of California, San Francisco, Mail Stop 0132, 550 16th St., 7th floor, San Francisco, CA 94143 USA. Telephone: (415) 476-3219. Email: Juleen.Lam@ucsf.edu Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1632). J.M. is employed by Environmental Defense Fund, a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization that advocates for environmental protections that safeguard human and ecological health. The views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. All authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests related to this work. Note to readers with disabilities: EHP strives to ensure that all journal content is accessible to all readers. However, some figures and Supplemental Material published in EHP articles may not conform to 508 standards due to the complexity of the information being presented. If you need assistance accessing journal content, please contact ehponline@niehs.nih.gov. Our staff will...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

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Authors: Wilkie M PMID: 32072874 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: While too soon to observe the longer-term impacts associated with the Cannabis Act, early indications based on data collected in the months surrounding enactment suggests some cautions and also some assurances. Ongoing monitoring will be essential particularly given the 2.0 Act modifications and the ever-changing provincial retail and regulatory landscapes. PMID: 32073644 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Rep Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: Parental sedentary behaviour and physical activity may be intervention targets in early childhood. This appears consistent regardless of the sex of the parent or child. Given the small effect sizes observed, additional intervention targets should also be considered. PMID: 32073643 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Rep Source Type: research
Molecular Mechanisms of Notch Signaling in Lymphoid Cell Lineages Development: NF-κB and Beyond. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2020;1227:145-164 Authors: Tsaouli G, Barbarulo A, Vacca A, Screpanti I, Felli MP Abstract Notch is a ligand-receptor interaction-triggered signaling cascade highly conserved, that influences multiple lineage decisions within the hematopoietic and the immune system. It is a recognized model of intercellular communication that plays an essential role in embryonic as well as in adult immune cell development and homeostasis. Four members belong to the family of Notch receptors (Notch1-4...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Aradhya R, Jagla K Abstract Notch plays multiple roles both in development and in adult tissue homeostasis. Notch was first identified in Drosophila in which it has then been extensively studied. Among the flag-ship Notch functions we could mention its capacity to keep precursor and stem cells in a nondifferentiated state but also its ability to activate cell proliferation that in some contexts could led to cancer. In general, both these functions involve, canonical, ligand-dependent Notch activation. However, a ligand-independent Notch activation has also been described in a few cellular contexts. Here, w...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Salviano-Silva A, Berti FCB, Lobo-Alves SC, de Araujo-Souza PS, Boldt ABW, Malheiros D Abstract The Notch signaling is a crucial pathway involved in cellular development, progression, and differentiation. Deregulation of Notch signaling pathway commonly impacts tissue homeostasis, being highly associated with proliferative disorders. The long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), which are transcripts with more than 200 nucleotides that do not code for proteins, were already described as Notch signaling pathway-interacting molecules. Many of them act as important transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulators, aff...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: McIntyre B, Asahara T, Alev C Abstract Notch signaling is an evolutionarily conserved pathway associated with the development and differentiation of all metazoans. It is needed for proper germ layer formation and segmentation of the embryo and controls the timing and duration of differentiation events in a dynamic manner. Perturbations of Notch signaling result in blockades of developmental cascades, developmental anomalies, and cancers. An in-depth understanding of Notch signaling is thus required to comprehend the basis of development and cancer, and can be further exploited to understand and direct the ...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Reichrath J, Reichrath S Abstract Evolutionary conserved Notch signaling is of high importance for embryogenesis and adult tissues, representing one of the most fascinating pathways that regulate key cell fate decisions and other core processes. This chapter gives a short introduction to the first volume of the book entitled Notch Signaling in Embryology and Cancer, that is intended to provide both basic scientists and clinicians who seek today`s clearest understanding of the molecular mechanisms that mediate Notch signaling with an authoritative day-to-day source. On a first look, Notch signaling, that fi...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Larijani B, Foroughi Heravani N, Alavi-Moghadam S, Goodarzi P, Rezaei-Tavirani M, Payab M, Gholami M, Razi F, Arjmand B Abstract Autism spectrum disorders as a group of pediatric neurodevelopmental diseases is a crucial part of the worldwide disabilities which have influence in communication skills, social interactions, and ability to understand the concepts. The precise pathophysiology of autism spectrum disorders due to the abundance of involved mechanisms is unknown. Some of these involved mechanisms are related to genetic factors, chronic neuro inflammation, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress,...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Koch TR, Shope TR Abstract Obesity is a major factor in the worldwide rise in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The obesity "epidemic" will require novel, effective interventions to permit both the prevention and treatment of diabetes caused by obesity. Laparoscopic vertical sleeve gastrectomy is a newer bariatric surgical procedure with a lower risk of complications (compared to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery). Based in part on restriction of daily caloric intake, sleeve gastrectomy has a major role in inducing significant weight loss and weight loss is maintained for at least 10&nbs...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
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