Change in Conversion Definition May Improve TB Detection

Increase from IFN γ0.7 IU/mL would improve identification of those at risk of tuberculosis
Source: Pulmonary Medicine News - Doctors Lounge - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Infections, Pulmonology, Journal, Source Type: news

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CONCLUSION: Patients arrived very sick and displayed poor survival after deceased donor transplantation.
Source: Clinics - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
This article examines the activities of national and international actors in Pharmaceutical Services (PS) in Mozambique from 2007 to 2012, focusing on the public provision of HIV/Aids, malaria and tuberculosis medicines. It describes how PS functions in the country, what actors are involved in this area and the relations among them, pursuing salient issues in the modus operandi of partners in cooperation. The methodology combines literature review, document survey and analysis and interviews. The theoretical and analytical framework was given by the policy analysis approach, focusing on the role of the State and its interr...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
(Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal)) The estimates for global tuberculosis deaths by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) differ considerably for a dozen countries, according to a study led by ISGlobal. The results highlight the need to improve the modeling approaches in these countries in order to understand the true burden of the disease and design adequate health policies.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Globally, 40% of all tuberculosis (TB) cases, 65% paediatric cases and 75% multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB) cases are missed due to underreporting and/or under diagnosis. A recent Kenyan TB prevalence survey f...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
In response to the influx of displaced Syrians since 2011, the Jordanian National Tuberculosis Program (NTP) implemented a specific Tuberculosis (TB) reduction strategy, including contact-tracing (CT). Contact...
Source: Conflict and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe observed a significant relationship between mining tenure and emphysema severity among South African miners in PATHAUT between 1975 and 2014. This relationship was evident in multi-variable analyses adjusted for smoking among white miners. Hazards from long term exposure to inhaled mineral dust leading to lung damage (silicosis, fibrosis, COPD) is evident and warrants further improvement of working conditions and prevention measures in South African mines especially for black workers. Further research is needed to determine if there is an effect of TB and HIV co-infection on the development of emphysema.
Source: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
Authors: Milford C, Greener LR, Beksinska M, Greener R, Mabude Z, Smit J Abstract In South Africa, a lack of integration between sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV services has led to lost opportunities in the treatment cascade. In a context of high HIV, tuberculosis (TB) and unplanned pregnancies, a model for integrating SRH and HIV services was implemented in a hospital and six feeder clinics in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Changes in healthcare provider knowledge, attitudes and understandings were explored following model implementation. Baseline data were collected via focus group discussions (FGDs) a...
Source: African Journal of AIDS Research - Category: African Health Tags: Afr J AIDS Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Despite contacts being well documented, child contacts were poorly identified. The fall-out of children at each step from identification to IPT completion was unacceptably high. Contacts of male patients and retreatment index patients were at greater risk of poor management. Recommendations to improve IPT delivery at national and local level include a review of the national IPT guidelines, considering the relative success of shorter courses of TB prophylaxis, the use of standardised IPT stationery, staff training and the involvement of community health workers in contact management. PMID: 30004366 [PubMed - in process]
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Allwood BW, Maarman GJ, Kyriakakis CG, Doubell AF PMID: 30004336 [PubMed - in process]
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
ConclusionThis report describes cross-transmission ofMycobacterium tuberculosis from non-citizens MOHA to Israeli citizens who were residents of a nursing home, which may be the first sign for an epidemiological shift. Although cross-ethnical transmission is still rare in Israel, medical settings should employ efficient infection control measures to protect both patients and staff fromMycobacterium tuberculosis.
Source: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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