Physicians evaluate new device to test for cervical cancer

(University of California - Riverside) When a woman has an abnormal pap smear she usually undergoes colposcopy. Typically a metal instrument is used to obtain a small sampling of cells inside the cervix--an oftentimes painful procedure for the patient. A clinical faculty member in the UC Riverside School of Medicine and colleagues have tested an alternative device called fabric-based endocervical curettage. This less painful device had significantly fewer 'inadequate' specimens--meaning, patients didn't need to return for repeat biopsies.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Authors: Göktuğ Kadıoğlu B, Çınar Tanrıverdi E, Alay H, Uçar M Abstract Cervical cancer is a common female cancer that could be diagnosed early with screening methods. Almost all cases are caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) infection. Therefore, detecting the presence of HPV DNA is important for early diagnosis and treatment. Regular determination of screening tests enables early detection of patients with the risk of cervical cancer. For this purpose, since August 2014 a new screening program has been carried out by Early Diagnosis, Screening and Training of Cancer Centers (KETEM). The a...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
This study examined perceived susceptibility to cervical cancer among African American women in the Delta across three groups: 1) women attending screening appointments (screened), 2) women attending colposcopy clinic following an abnormal Papanicolaou test (colposcopy), and 3) women with no screening in 3  years or longer (unscreened/underscreened).
Source: Womens Health Issues - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
AbstractVisual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) is an effective, affordable and simple test for cervical cancer screening in resource-poor settings. But considerable expertise is needed to differentiate cancerous lesions from normal lesions, which is lacking in developing countries. Many studies have attempted automation of cervical cancer detection from cervix images acquired during the VIA process. These studies used images acquired through colposcopy or cervicography. However, colposcopy is expensive and hence is not feasible as a screening tool in resource-poor settings. Cervicography uses a digital camera to acquire ...
Source: Journal of Digital Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Fusco FM, Vichi F, Bisanzi S, Sani C, Degli Esposti A, Blè C, Rossi R, Pompeo G, Carozzi F, Blanc P Abstract Women living with HIV (WLWH) are at higher risk for HPV-related malignancies. To estimate the factors associated to HPV infection and to pre-neoplastic cervical lesions, we observed 321 WLWH in an HIV care-centre in Florence, Italy. In 2006-2016, WLWH followed at S.Maria Annunziata Hospital underwent to gynaecological examination including HPV-test, Pap-smear, colposcopy and, if needed, cervical biopsy. Demographical and clinical information were collected and linear logistic regression was p...
Source: New Microbiologica - Category: Microbiology Tags: New Microbiol Source Type: research
Conclusion: This dual immunostaining may potentially be a useful tool in the triage of the ASC-US and the LSIL group, considering the high sensitivity and specificity values.
Source: Journal of Cytology - Category: Cytology Authors: Source Type: research
A recent article indicated that HPV testing is superior to the Pap smear for detecting precancerous lesions of the cervical epithelium (see:HPV test is better than Pap smear at detecting precancerous cervical changes). Has the Pap smear outlived its usefulness in cancer screening programs? Below is a key passage from the article:A new study found that the HPV test was better than the Pap smear in detecting precancerous changes that can lead to cervical cancer. A test for HPV detects precancerous changes of the cervix earlier and more accurately than the Pap smear....The randomized, controlled study...showed that the human ...
Source: Lab Soft News - Category: Laboratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Cytopathology Healthcare Innovations Medical Research Public Health Surgical Pathology Source Type: blogs
This study aims to determine the diagnostic values of visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) and Pap smear in a cervical cancer screening program at a community level in Vietnam. A cross-sectional analysis was obtained, including 1034 women of reproductive age from Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam from 09/2012 to 09/2013. Samples were taken from cervixes for Pap smear testing, followed by visual inspection with acetic acid. Subjects with abnormal VIA and/or positive cytology results were invited for colposcopy and biopsy. Histologic confirmed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+) served as gold standards for diagnos...
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology, Volume 7, Issue 3Author(s): Maren Y. Fuller, Roxanne R. Mody, Eric Luna, Donna Armylagos, Mary R. Schwartz, Dina R. Mody, Yimin GeIntroductionHigh-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) testing is important in cervical cancer screening and management algorithms. Roche (Pleasanton, Calif.) cobas hrHPV testing is commonly performed on both ThinPrep (TP) and SurePath (SP) samples, but performance of these platforms has not been fully investigated in the literature.Materials and MethodsRoche hrHPV testing was performed on 47,885 (TP = 18,...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
This study aims to determine the diagnostic values of visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) and Pap smear in a cervical cancer screening program at a community level in Vietnam. A cross-sectional analysis was obtained, including 1034 women of reproductive age from Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam from 09/2012 to 09/2013. Samples were taken from cervixes for Pap smear testing, followed by visual inspection with acetic acid. Subjects with abnormal VIA and/or positive cytology results were invited for colposcopy and biopsy. Histologic confirmed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+) served as gold standards for diagnos...
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: May–June 2018Source: Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology, Volume 7, Issue 3Author(s): Maren Y. Fuller, Roxanne R. Mody, Eric Luna, Donna Armylagos, Mary R. Schwartz, Dina R. Mody, Yimin GeIntroductionHigh-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) testing is important in cervical cancer screening and management algorithms. Roche (Pleasanton, Calif.) cobas hrHPV testing is commonly performed on both ThinPrep (TP) and SurePath (SP) samples, but performance of these platforms has not been fully investigated in the literature.Materials and MethodsRoche hrHPV testing was performed on 47,885 (TP = 18,...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
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