The prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysms in the rural/urban population in central Poland - Gniewkowo Aortic Study.

CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of AAA in men aged 65 years and older is seemingly larger than in previously conducted studies, while among men 60-64 years of age and women aged ≥ 65 it is similar. Older age, smoking, and a history of MI/ACS were the most important risk factors of AAA occurrence. PMID: 28394003 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Source: Kardiologia Polska - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Kardiol Pol Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 18 February 2020Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Xiaotian Zhang, Min Zhang, Benu AdhikariAbstractBackgroundDeep-fat frying is one of the most popular food processing methods worldwide. It involves simultaneous transfer of heat and mass at high temperature. Typical fried products tend to have bright color, crisp texture and delicious taste. In fact, fried foods contain large amount of oil, calories and acrylamide which are burden to health. It is necessary to develop innovative frying technologies to reduce oil absorption during frying process, thus obtain healthier...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Journal of Molecular StructureAuthor(s): S. Pangajavalli, R. Ranjithkumar, S. RamaswamyAbstractIn the present study, a novel 6b', 7', 8', 9'-Tetrahydro-2H,6'H-Spiro [acenaphthylene-1,11'-chromeno [3,4-a] pyrrolizine]-2,6'(6a'H,11a'H)- dione (ACPD) single crystal was grown by the slow evaporation method. The single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis and density functional theory (DFT) calculations were carried out for the ACPD molecule. The ACPD crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pbca with a = 18.3519 (14) Å, b = 11.3883 (9) Å, c = 18.3545 (14)...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of DiseaseAuthor(s): Azrul Abdul Kadir, Kieran Clarke, Rhys D. EvansAbstractThe ketone bodies, d-β-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate, are soluble 4-carbon compounds derived principally from fatty acids, that can be metabolised by many oxidative tissues, including heart, in carbohydrate-depleted conditions as glucose-sparing energy substrates. They also have important signalling functions, acting through G-protein coupled receptors and histone deacetylases to regulate metabolism and gene expression including ...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Redox BiologyAuthor(s): Cláudia Figueiredo-Pereira, Daniela Dias-Pedroso, Nuno L. Soares, Helena L.A. VieiraAbstractCarbon monoxide (CO) is a gasotransmitter endogenously produced by the activity of heme oxygenase, which is a stress-response enzyme. Endogenous CO or low concentrations of exogenous CO have been described to present several cytoprotective functions: anti-apoptosis, anti-inflammatory, vasomodulation, maintenance of homeostasis, stimulation of preconditioning and modulation of cell differentiation. The present review revises and discuss how CO r...
Source: Redox Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Panpan Liu, Wu Zhu, Chao Chen, Bei Yan, Lei Zhu, Xiang Chen, Cong PengAbstractLysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) is the main component of oxidatively damaged low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL). LPC originates from the cleavage of phosphatidylcholine by phospholipase A2 (PLA2). LPC plays a biological role by binding to G protein-coupled receptors and Toll-like receptors. LPC can induce the migration of lymphocytes and macrophages, increase the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, induce oxidative stress, and promote apoptosis, which can aggregat...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Polymer Degradation and StabilityAuthor(s): Marziyeh Ranjbar Mohammadi, Saeid Kargozar, S.H. Bahrami, Shahram RabbaniAbstractIn this research, the scaffolds from gum tragacanth (GT), poly (Ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) and poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA), were fabricated by electrospinning method for use in the healing of diabetic ulcers. At first, three different compositions from PCL-GT-PVA with blend ratios of (2:1:0.5), (2:1:0.8) and (2:1:1.5) were fabricated and the formulation 2:1:0.8 was selected as proper one. Then, the effect of changing GT concentration on the morpho...
Source: Polymer Degradation and Stability - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Baldacci F, Mazzucchi S, Della Vecchia A, Giampietri L, Giannini N, Maya KH, Ceravolo R, Siciliano G, Bonuccelli U, Elahi FM, Vergallo A, Lista S, Giorgi FS, Hampel H Abstract Introduction: The post-mortem examination still represents the reference standard for detecting the pathological nature of chronic neurodegenerative diseases (NDD). This approach displays intrinsic conceptual limitations since NDD represent a dynamic spectrum of partially overlapping phenotypes, shared pathomechanistic alterations that often give rise to mixed pathologies.Areas covered: We scrutinized the international clinical diagn...
Source: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Mol Diagn Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This multifaceted screening offer to a general population sample of postmenopausal women had no effects on all cause mortality or hospital admission for MI, IHD, PAD, and stroke within a short-term follow up period. PMID: 29625727 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: PubMed: Eur J Vasc Endovasc ... - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to examine the benefits of using CAVI as a predictor of cardiovascular events in high-risk patients.Methods and Design: This prospective multicenter study to evaluate the usefulness of the CAVI to predict cardiovascular events in Japan (CAVI-J) is a cohort study with central registration. Participants (n = 3,000) will be scheduled to enroll and data will be collected for up to 5 years from entry of participants into the study. To be eligible to participate in the CAVI-J study, individuals have to be aged between 40 and 74 years and have at least one of the following risk factors for arterios...
Source: Pulse - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease in the elderly.1 Hypertension occurs in 69% of persons with a first myocardial infarction,2 in 77% of those with a first stroke,2 in 74% of individuals with congestive heart failure,2 and in 60% of older adults with peripheral artery disease.3 Hypertension is also a major risk factor in older adults for dissecting aortic aneurysm, sudden cardiac death, angina pectoris, chronic kidney disease, left ventricular hypertrophy, thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, the metabolic syndrome, vascular dementia, Alzheimer disease...
Source: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
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