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Disease sleuths unmask deadly encephalitis culprit

Source: ScienceNOW - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Asia/Pacific News, Epidemiology, Medicine, Diseases, Virology In Depth Source Type: news

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CONCLUSION: Common trunk anomaly in hemifacial spasm is rare. The surgical technique is mostly identical to decompression with normally arising vessels. However, in case of a bifurcation situated close to the compression site where the offending vessel cannot be transposed freely, an extensive cushioning along the trunk and the offending vessels with teflon pledgets should be performed. The presence of a common trunk anomaly does not affect the surgical results. PMID: 29351689 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Herpes - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) Source Type: research
We describe a 33 year-old male patient of refractory dysphagia due to EV-D68-induced brainstem encephalitis successfully treated by surgery. Following acute upper respiratory tract infection, he developed dysphagia and bilateral facial paralysis. A coughing reflex was readily produced when the laryngopharyngeal fiberscope touched the epiglottis, however, water infusion induced only very weak and slow swallowing reflex, suggesting that only motor component was impaired but sensory function was preserved during swallowing.
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
This study demonstrated fluorescent detection of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) by surface molecularly imprinted technique. After dansyl chloride (DNS-Cl) was immobilized on silica micropheres (SiMP), with JEV as the template,... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - New J. Chem. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractMosquitos are responsible for a number of protozoal and viral diseases. Malaria, dengue, Japanese encephalitis (JE) and chikungunya epidemics occur commonly all over the world, leading to marked mortality and morbidity in children. Zika, Yellow fever and West Nile fever are others requiring prevention. Environmental control and mosquito bite prevention are useful in decreasing the burden of disease but vaccination has been found to be most cost-effective and is the need of the hour. RTS,S/AS01 vaccine is the first malaria vaccine being licensed for use againstP. falciparum malaria. Dengvaxia (CYD-TDV) against dengu...
Source: Indian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Intrathecal treatment may be a potentially useful supplementary therapy in severely affected patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. Further large cohort study and animal experiment may help us elaborate the utility of intrathecal injection of methotrexate and its mechanism of action. PMID: 29336363 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
We describe a patient with HSVE who presented with a highly unusual late-onset language syndrome, which may reflect distal cortical changes after her original injury. PMID: 29350572 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurocase - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurocase Source Type: research
Authors: Okła H, Sosnowska M, Jasik KP, Słodki J, Wojtyczka RD Abstract Ixodes ricinus and other representatives of the order Ixodida are vectors of typical pathogens: Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma phagocytophilium, Babesia spp., a tick-borne encephalitis virus, and other microorganisms which are important from a medical and veterinary point of view. The presented study focuses on the verification of nonspecific bacterial flora of I. ricinus. We analyzed ticks collected in a forest region in Silesia, an industrial district in Poland. Methods of classical microbiology and biochemical assays (API 20 NE...
Source: Polish Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Pol J Microbiol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 January 2018 Source:Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases Author(s): Anna Nagy, Orsolya Nagy, Katalin Tarcsai, Ágnes Farkas, Mária Takács Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is one of the endemic flaviviruses in Hungary, which is responsible for human infections every year. Neurological involvement in the disease is characterized by meningitis, encephalitis or meningoencephalitis which can result in long-term neurological and neuropsychiatric sequelae. Microbiological diagnosis of acute cases is predominantly based on serological tests due to the limited duration of vire...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
We describe four cases of GAD antibody-related autoimmune encephalitis. Three of them had extralimbic involvement and only one had limbic encephalitis.
Source: Acta Neurologica Belgica - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions &InferencesAntineuronal antibodies were significantly more frequent in GI patients and associated with functional effects on bowel secretion. Future studies will determine whether such antibodies indicate patients who might benefit from additional antibody‐directed therapies. However, well‐characterized encephalitis‐related autoantibodies such as against DPPX were not detected, underlining their rarity in routine cohorts. In this study, we examined the frequency and functional effects of antineuronal antibodies in gastrointestinal patients. Antineuronal autoantibodies were significantly more frequent...
Source: Neurogastroenterology and Motility - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
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