Updated Nasal Surgery for Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Updated Nasal Surgery for Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Adv Otorhinolaryngol. 2017;80:66-73 Authors: Johnson DM, Soose RJ Abstract Numerous studies report that difficulty breathing through the nose is associated with reduced sleep quality, increased daytime dysfunction, and increased risk of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Additionally, chronic nasal obstruction often complicates and limits successful medical device therapy for OSA, particularly with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). When medical evaluation and management of the nose is inadequate, surgical therapy to lower nasal resistance has been shown to substantially improve sleep and breathing outcome measures. Although nasal surgery in isolation does not have a consistent effect on the apnea-hypopnea index in OSA patients, it does have robust evidence on improving snoring, subjective sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, sleep-related quality of life measures, and other important OSA outcome measures. Furthermore, in OSA patients with sinonasal disease who are struggling with CPAP and other medical devices, sinonasal surgery also has the potential to lower pressure requirements and improve adherence rates. Nasal surgery plays a key adjunctive role in the management of an OSA patient population. PMID: 28738377 [PubMed - in process]
We report a case of a 4-year-old boy who was struggling with OSA due to TMJ ankylosis. He was successfully treated by bilateral mandibular DO. The formation and cortication of the MC is discussed with emphasis on the neural regeneration.
ConclusionsThe presence of dysphagia in patients with moderate to severe apnea is frequent and subclinical, reinforcing the need to investigate this symptom in this group of patients. However, the presence of dysphagia did not result in worsening in patients' quality of life, suggesting that, although frequent, its effect is mild. There was no relevance regarding the association of clinical and polysomnographic parameters with the presence of dysphagia.ResumoIntroduçãoExistem evidências de que o trauma ocasionado pelo ronco na faringe poderia ocasionar disfagia em pacientes com apneia obstrutiva do sono...
Conclusions:The differential results of heritability and familial aggregation of OSA in normal weight and overweight subgroups substantiated the recommendation of separating childhood OSA into normal weight and overweight subtypes. In the overweight subgroup, there may be obesity-independent components involved in the genetic variance of OAHI, although a significant proportion of the genetic variance is shared with obesity.Citation:Au CT, Zhang J, Cheung JYF, Chan KCC, Wing YK, Li AM. Familial aggregation and heritability of obstructive sleep apnea using children probands.J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(11):1561–1570.
CONCLUSION: CPAP indication without a previous sleep study showed a low sensitivity (≅ 22%) but a specificity greater than 95% in patients with high pretest probability for OSA (snoring, report of frequent apneas, BMI> 25 kg/m2 and sleepiness or tiredness plus comorbidity). PMID: 31720981 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionCPAP indication without a previous sleep study showed a low sensitivity ( ≅ 22%) but a specificity greater than 95% in patients with high pretest probability for OSA (snoring, report of frequent apneas, BMI> 25 kg/m2 and sleepiness or tiredness plus comorbidity).
Conclusions Lateral-expansion pharyngoplasty represents a new surgical strategy for the treatment of OSAS in patients with palatal collapse by combining two different techniques: lateral and expansion pharyngoplasty. The two techniques, performed as a one-stage procedure, led to improvements in excessive daytime sleepiness, snoring, and PSG respiratory parameters by acting on lateral and retropalatal collapse, producing favorable results with good applicability in otolaryngology clinical practice. [...] Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, BrazilArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents&...
Conclusion: Meaningful relationships between PCF and poor health indicators exist. These indicators may provide an intervention to improve the health and safety of CMV drivers.
Conditions: Apnea, Obstructive Sleep; Snoring Intervention: Device: acupuncture press needle Sponsor: Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Not yet recruiting
This study is the first to compare the most optimal mandibular protrusive position according to three titration procedures, as well as to compare the therapeutic efficacy of these titration methods.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov,NCT03716648. Registered on 23 October 2018.
AbstractPurposeThe gender differences in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are not fully understood so far, as previous studies had conflicting results. No reports have addressed the differences in OSA between Chinese men and women. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical and polysomnographic differences between Chinese men and women with OSA.MethodsThis case-paired control retrospective study included 580 consecutive Chinese patients (290 males and 290 females) newly diagnosed as OSA by overnight polysomnography from the Sleep Disorders Center of Tangdu Hospital affiliated to the Fou...