Altered brain structure and function associated with sensory and affective components of classic trigeminal neuralgia

This study provides multiple lines of evidence supporting aberrant structural and functional patterns that are observed in patients with CTN, which may help us better understand the pathophysiology of CTN and facilitate the development of new therapies for this disease.
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

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ConclusionsA history of MST is common among older women veterans and associated with a range of medical and mental health diagnoses. These findings call attention to the need for additional research in this understudied population, and the importance of trauma-informed care approaches for women across the lifespan.
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: The HiSQOL is a reliable and valid instrument to measure HS-specific HRQOL for clinical trials. PMID: 31705538 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Br J Dermatol Source Type: research
Rebound headaches, also known as medication overuse headaches, are caused by the frequent or excessive use of pain-relieving and/or antimigraine drugs to treat headache attacks that are already in progress. (Note that these are not the same as oral prophylactic or preventive medicines, which should be taken daily.) In other words, the same medications that initially relieve headache pain can themselves trigger subsequent headaches if they are used too often. Medication overuse headaches can be disabling, forcing people with this condition to take sick leave and to be less productive at work and home. To be diagnosed with m...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Drugs and Supplements Headache Health Source Type: blogs
Abstract For persons living with chronic conditions, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) symptoms, such as pain, anxiety, depression, and insomnia, often interact and mutually reinforce one another. There is evidence that medical cannabis (MC) may be efficacious in ameliorating such symptoms and improving HRQoL. As many of these HRQoL symptoms may mutually reinforce one another, we conducted an exploratory study to investigate how MC users perceive the efficacy of MC in addressing co-occurring HRQoL symptoms. We conducted a cross-sectional online survey of persons with a state medical marijuana card in Illinois...
Source: Behavioral Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Behav Med Source Type: research
i Y Abstract Patients with fibromyalgia (FM) report high levels of sleep disturbance and chronic diffuse musculoskeletal pain. These patients experience diminished quality of life (QoL) due to pain and other comorbidities. Chronotype preferences have been suggested as a potential factor connecting increased severity of FM, sleep disturbances, and poor overall QoL. The present study is the first study examining the possible association between chronotype preferences, sleep disturbance, severity of FM, and QoL in patients with FM.One hundred drug-free patients diagnosed with FM participated in this cross-sectional s...
Source: Chronobiology International - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Chronobiol Int Source Type: research
by Yu-Jung Jenny Wei, Cheng Chen, Roger Fillingim, Siegfried O. Schmidt, Almut G. Winterstein BackgroundWith governments ’ increasing efforts to curb opioid prescription use and limit dose below the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-recommended threshold of 90 morphine milligram equivalents per day, little is known about prescription opioid patterns preceding opioid use disorder (OUD) or overdose. Thi s study aimed to determine prescribed opioid fills and dose trajectories in the year before an incident OUD or overdose diagnosis using a 2005–2016 commercial healthcare database. Methods and findin...
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
The objective of this cross sectional study was to assess knowledge and attitudes in medical students regarding burn complications. A 12-question survey was distributed among 3rd, 4th and 5th year students of public sector medical colleges of Karachi, Pakistan. Out of 353 respondents, the proportion of students that were aware of burn complications was the following, with an expected response of 100% for each complication: depression [86%], fear [53.3%], post-traumatic stress disorder [40.8%], suicidal tendencies [35.1%], sleep disorder [30%], anxiety [27%], guilt [12.7%], personality changes [7%], eating disorder [5.4%], ...
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Abstract Patients with chronic pain and especially with craniomandibular disorder (CMD) show specific psychopathology in trait anxiety. In a previous longitudinal functional imaging study on CMD we found that the anterior insula was modulated by successful therapy intervention and pain relief. We here intended to investigate possible associations between anterior insula fMRI-activation during occlusal movements and trait anxiety over a splint therapy approach in patients with CMD. Three fMRI-investigations of a craniomandibular occlusion task were performed together with pain score evaluations and scoring of trait...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Behav Brain Res Source Type: research
There is little evidence that the use of cannabinoids can improve symptoms of anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), psychosis, or Tourette syndrome, according to areport inLancet Psychiatry.“Cannabinoids are often advocated as a treatment for various mental disorders,” wrote Nicola Black, Ph.D., of the University of New South Wales and colleagues. Doctors and patients “need to be aware of the low quality and quantity of evidence for the effectiveness of medicinal cannabinoids in treating mental disorders and the potential risk of advers...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ADHD anxiety cannabinoids cannabis Deepak Cyril D ’Souza depression meta-analysis Nicola Black psychiatric disorders PTSD Tourette syndrome Source Type: research
This study is registered with PROSPERO (CRD42017059372, CRD42017059373, CRD42017059376, CRD42017064996, and CRD42018102977).Findings83 eligible studies (40 randomised controlled trials, n=3067) were included: 42 for depression (23 randomised controlled trials; n=2551), 31 for anxiety (17 randomised controlled trials; n=605), eight for Tourette syndrome (two randomised controlled trials; n=36), three for ADHD (one randomised controlled trial; n=30), 12 for post-traumatic stress disorder (one randomised controlled trial; n=10), and 11 for psychosis (six randomised controlled trials; n=281). Pharmaceutical THC (with or withou...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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