Enteroviral T-cell encephalitis related to immunosuppressive therapy including rituximab

Enteroviruses are a common cause of aseptic meningitis and mild infections in childhood. However, in immunocompromised patients they may cause severe neurologic conditions such as encephalitis or polio-like paralysis.
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Encephalitis, Viral infections CLINICAL/SCIENTIFIC NOTES Source Type: research

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[Premium Times] The Africa Regional Certification Commission (ARCC) for poliomyelitis eradication will on Monday begin to assess if Nigeria has successfully eradicated wild poliovirus.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Vincent speaks with Félix Rey about his career and his work on solving structures of a variety of viruses and the insights learned about viral membrane fusion and antibody-mediated neutralization. Click arrow to play Download TWiV 577 (46 MB .mp3, 75 min) Subscribe (free): iTunes, Google Podcasts, RSS, email Become a patron of TWiV! Show notes at microbe.tv/twiv
Source: virology blog - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: This Week in Virology antibody neutralization cryo-EM dengue virus flavivirus fusion loop glycoprotein Semliki Forest virus tick borne encephalitis virus viral viral membrane fusion viruses X-ray crystallography zika virus Source Type: blogs
A three-month-old Malaysian infant has been diagnosed with polio, the first case reported in the country in nearly three decades, a top health official said on Sunday.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
A mother whose baby got meningitis because of Group B Strep says all pregnant women should be tested.
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Philippe Bercier, Marcelo Gottschalk, Daniel GrenierAbstractStreptococcus suis is a bacterial pathogen that mainly colonizes the upper respiratory tract of pigs. It is known to cause severe infections such as septicemia, meningitis, arthritis, and endocarditis in pigs and to be responsible for major economic losses in the swine industry worldwide. To better understand the interactions between S. suis and the porcine respiratory epithelium, we investigated the ability of this pathogen to cause damage to the tracheal epithelial barrier...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Discussion Facial nerve palsy has been known for centuries, but in 1821 unilateral facial nerve paralysis was described by Sir Charles Bell. Bell’s palsy (BP) is a unilateral, acute facial paralysis that is clinically diagnosed after other etiologies have been excluded by appropriate history, physical examination and/or laboratory testing or imaging. Symptoms include abnormal movement of facial nerve. It can be associated with changes in facial sensation, hearing, taste or excessive tearing. The right and left sides are equally affected but bilateral BP is rare (0.3%). Paralysis can be complete or incomplete at prese...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Abstract Enteroviruses are among the most common human viruses around the world. More than 100 different serotypes that can cause a range of clinical pathologies have been identified, although the most frequent are those that affect the central nervous system, such as aseptic meningitis, encephalitis or paralysis, which in some cases can be very severe or even fatal. In recent years, enterovirus outbreaks associated to new diseases have been reported all over the world, and as a result some serotypes have been considered 'emerging' pathogens. Yet, our knowledge about these viruses, especially about the non-polio e...
Source: Revista de Neurologia - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Rev Neurol Source Type: research
Enterovirus genus includes multiple important human pathogens, such as poliovirus, coxsackievirus, enterovirus (EV) A71, EV-D68 and rhinovirus. Infection with EVs can cause numerous clinical conditions including poliomyelitis, meningitis and encephalitis, hand-foot-and-mouth disease, acute flaccid paralysis, diarrhea, myocarditis and respiratory illness. EVs, which are positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses, trigger activation of the host antiviral innate immune responses through pathogen recognition receptors such as retinoic acid-inducible gene (RIG-I)-likeand Toll-like receptors. In turn, EVs have developed sophisti...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
We describe recent outbreaks of human enteroviruses and summarize knowledge gaps regarding their burden, spectrum of diseases and epidemiology. Summary: Reported outbreaks of respiratory, neurological, skin and eye diseases associated with human enteroviruses have increased in frequency and size in recent years. Improved molecular diagnostics and genetic sequence analysis are beginning to reveal the complex dynamics of individual serotypes and genotypes, and their contribution to these outbreaks. However, the biological mechanisms underlying their emergence and transmission dynamics remain elusive. They are likely to invol...
Source: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: GASTROINTESTINAL INFECTIONS: Edited by A. Clinton White Jr and Gagandeep Kang Source Type: research
h S Abstract Germany is a partner of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. Assurance of polio free status is based on enterovirus surveillance, which focuses on patients with signs of acute flaccid paralysis or aseptic meningitis/encephalitis, representing the key symptoms of poliovirus infection. In response to the wild poliovirus outbreak in Syria 2013 and high number of refugees coming from Syria to Germany, stool samples from 629 Syrian refugees/asylum seekers aged
Source: International Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Int J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
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