A View of the Immunology of Age-Related Disease
In this open access paper, the authors present their view of the role of the immune system in age-related disease. Chronic inflammation is the primary focus of many considerations of immune aging, but there are arguably many other areas of disarray and dysfunction in the aging immune system that are just as relevant to the progression of age-related disease. Like other researchers, the authors here divide the complexity of immune aging into two broad categories: inflammaging, changes that increase chronic inflammation and inappropriate immune activation, and immunosenescence, changes that weaken the efforts of immune cells to destroy pathogens and harmful cells, such as those that have become cancerous or senescent. The proportion of elderly people is rising worldwide, especial in the developed countries. Aging-related changes in the immune system contribute to the increased susceptibility of the elderly to infectious diseases, cardiovascular disease and stroke caused by atherosclerosis, autoimmune disease such as rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, and degenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease. Further, metabolic syndrome, which is caused by obesity, occurs from middle age, and proceeds to tissue failure such as renal failure in advanced age, is tightly related to the immune system. Chronic infections such as hepatitis induce tissue damage, which arouses immune responses and wound repair responses. Chronic inflammation follows tissue fibrosis in advanced age pro...
Publication date: Available online 20 July 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Elise De Bleser, Barbara Alicja Jereczek-Fossa, David Pasquier, Thomas Zilli, Nicholas Van As, Shankar Siva, Andrei Fodor, Piet Dirix, Alfonso Gomez-Iturriaga, Fabio Trippa, Beatrice Detti, Gianluca Ingrosso, Luca Triggiani, Alessio Bruni, Filippo Alongi, Dries Reynders, Gert De Meerleer, Alessia Surgo, Kaoutar Loukili, Raymond MiralbellAbstractBackgroundStereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) and elective nodal radiotherapy (ENRT) are being investigated as metastasis-directed treatments in oligorecurrent prostate cancer (PC); however, comparat...
ConclusionsRemission of type 2 diabetes 5 years after bariatric surgery was associated with improvements in albuminuria and stabilized prognostic risk for CKD, but not with eGFR. Lower kidney function and greater prognostic risk at the time of bariatric surgery was linked to a lower likelihood of diabetes remission. These results highlight the need to identify the mechanisms through which bariatric surgery may delay the long-term progression of CKD in type 2 diabetes.
Authors: Medeiros CSP, Pacheco TBF, Cavalcanti FADC, Cacho RO, Bezerra AMDS Abstract Primary Objective: To compare the level of motor, sensory and functional impairment of individuals hospitalized in a stroke unit in Brazil at the time of admission and the profile observed at hospital discharge. Design: Observational and longitudinal outcome study. Methods and Procedure: We assessed 41 patients with ischemic stroke at admission and hospital discharge by using the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Fugl-Meyer Physical Performance Scale (FM), Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and Modified Rankin S...
ConclusionWe performed cholecystectomy by using IFC to identify the aberrant subvesical bile duct. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report showing the fluorescence image of an aberrant subvesical bile duct in a state of nature.
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: International Journal of Surgery Case ReportsAuthor(s): Dario Iadicola, Massimo Branca, Massimo Lupo, Eugenia Maria Grutta, Stefano Mandalà, Gianfranco Cocorullo, Antonino MirabellaAbstractIntroductionTraumatic diaphragmatic injuries are rare complications resulting from a thoracic-abdominal blunt or penetrating trauma. Left-sided diaphragmatic injuries are more commonly reported in literature. Bilateral injuries are extremely rare, occurring in about 3% of the patients and just few cases reported in literature. Traumatic diaphragmatic hernias are definitely a m...
ConclusionThis case is one of few cases reported in the literature highlighting the rarity of this injury pattern.
ConclusionThe incidence of midline and lateral port site recurrence after laparoscopy for diagnosis or resection of ovarian cancer has not been determined. Limitation of trochar sites to the midline may reduce the extent of abdominal wall disease spread.
ConclusionThere is evidence that newborns have a much higher potential for wound healing than adults. Proper position in long-term immobilization of toes is important to prevent scar contracture and deformity.
ConclusionsPeritoneal tunnels in the inguinal region or at the porta hepatis should be opened by surgical dissection so that all foci of peritoneal metastases are removed at a complete cytoreductive surgery and these sites treated with chemotherapy.
ConclusionsPrevention of recurrent right colon cancer is an import consideration for primary resection. However, if this duodenum is involved by recurrence, techniques for resection exist.
More News: Allergy & Immunology | Alzheimer's | Arthritis | Autoimmune Disease | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary | Cytomegalovirus | Diabetes | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Endocrinology | Gastroschisis Repair | Heart | Hepatitis | Infectious Diseases | Metabolic Syndrome | Obesity | Renal Failure | Research | Rheumatoid Arthritis | Rheumatology | Stem Cell Therapy | Stem Cells | Stroke