Weekly Personal Ozone Exposure and Respiratory Health in a Panel of Greek Schoolchildren

Conclusions: The study provides evidence that airway inflammation and the frequency of respiratory symptoms increase, whereas lung function decreases with increased ozone exposure in schoolchildren. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP635 Received: 09 June 2016 Revised: 08 March 2017 Accepted: 13 March 2017 Published: 21 July 2017 Please address correspondence to A. Karakatsani, 2nd Pulmonary Department, ATTIKON University Hospital, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 1, Rimini St., 124 62 Haidari, Greece. Telephone: 30-210-5831184. Email: annakara@otenet.gr, akarakats@med.uoa.gr The authors declare they have no actual or potential competing financial interests. Note to readers with disabilities: EHP strives to ensure that all journal content is accessible to all readers. However, some figures and Supplemental Material published in EHP articles may not conform to 508 standards due to the complexity of the information being presented. If you need assistance accessing journal content, please contact ehponline@niehs.nih.gov. Our staff will work with you to assess and meet your accessibility needs within 3 working days. Introduction Ozone (O3), a very reactive gas and strong oxidant, is found as a secondary pollutant in the troposphere. Although, its presence in the stratosphere is essential for life because it filters harmful ultraviolet radiation, increased concentrations of O3 in the air we breathe have been linked to...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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Mario Malerba1,2*, Valentina Foci1,2, Filippo Patrucco1,2, Patrizia Pochetti1,2, Matteo Nardin3, Corrado Pelaia4 and Alessandro Radaeli5 1Respiratory Medicine, Department of Translational Medicine, University of Eastern Piedmont, Vercelli, Italy 2Respiratory Unit, Sant’Andrea Hospital, Vercelli, Italy 3Department of Medicine, Spedali Civili di Brescia, Brescia, Italy 4Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Section of Respiratory Diseases, University “Magna Græcia” of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy 5Department of Emergency, Spedali Civili di Brescia, Brescia, Italy Chronic obstructiv...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study evaluated the effects of dried ginger and LGWWJX decoction on cold asthma at the metabolomics level. It provides a reference for the research on the compatibility of Chinese Medicine. Introduction Ginger is a Chinese medicine (CM) used as a food and as a medicine, and is often used to treat cold syndrome through the property of warming. Dried ginger (Zingiberis Rhizoma, GanJiang, GJ) is processed from fresh ginger and is also commonly used in CM. It is used to treat cold asthma by “warming the stomach to dispel cold, warming the lung to resolve fluid,” and it has significant anti-inflammatory...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion Human microbiome is normal flora for humans, which has been proved to be of symbiotic relationship with humans and harmless to humans. If the microbes that breed in the human body become “unhealthy,” it will definitely affect the host's physical condition. People are continuing to explore the pathologic relationship between microorganisms and the human body through high-throughput sequencing technologies and analysis systems. However, it is a pity that their pathogenesis cannot be fully understood as yet. Considering that relying only on conventional experimental methods is time-consuming an...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Background: Chronic cough and wheezing represent the most common causes of respiratory disability among children, also showing an increased prevalence in cardiovascular impairment.Aim: To assess the cardiovascular impairment in preschool children with chronic cough and wheezing and to correlate the echocardiographic indices related to the right ventricular function with airway resistance evaluated using RINT.Methods: 23 children with obstructive lung diseases (12 males, mean age 4.13±0.62 years) and 18 healthy children (9 males, mean age 4.27±0.66 years) were enrolled. For each patient, airway resistance and ...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Paediatric asthma and allergy Source Type: research
Conclusions: Among children with asthma and chronic exposure to woodsmoke, an air-filter intervention that improved indoor air quality did not affect quality-of-life measures. Intent-to-treat analysis did show an improvement in the secondary measure of dPFV. Trial registration: ClincialTrials.gov NCT00807183. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP849 Received: 21 July 2016 Revised: 13 June 2017 Accepted: 16 June 2017 Published: 13 September 2017 Address correspondence to C.W. Noonan, School of Public and Community Health Sciences, 32 Campus Dr., University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812 USA. Telephone: (406) 243-4957; Fax: (406...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusion: Ethyl-paraben, bisphenol A, 2,5-dichlorophenol, and DIDP tended to be associated with altered respiratory health, with ethyl-paraben and bisphenol A exhibiting some consistency across respiratory outcomes. The trends between bisphenol A pregnancy level and increased asthma and bronchiolitis/bronchitis rates in childhood were consistent with a previous cohort study. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1015 Received: 25 August 2016 Revised: 12 January 2017 Accepted: 26 January 2017 Published: 08 September 2017 Address correspondence to C. Vernet, Institute for Advanced Biosciences (IAB), Centre de Recherche INSERM&n...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study suggests that elemental sulfur use, allowed in both organic and conventional farming, in close proximity to residential areas, may adversely affect children’s respiratory health. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP528 Received: 19 May 2016 Revised: 05 May 2017 Accepted: 09 May 2017 Published: 14 August 2017 Address correspondence to R. Raanan, Center for Environmental Research and Children’s Health (CERCH), University of California, Berkeley, School of Public Health, 1995 University Ave., Suite 265, Berkeley, CA 94704 USA. Telephone: (510) 642-9431. Email: rachelraananrr@gmail.com Supplem...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Author Affiliations open 1Inserm, U1168, VIMA: Aging and Chronic Diseases, Epidemiological and Public Health Approaches, Villejuif, France; 2Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), Genetic and Molecular Epidemiology Group, Human Cancer Genetics Program, Madrid, Spain; 3Inserm UMR 1181 [Biostatistics, Biomathematics, Pharmacoepidemiology and Infectious Diseases (B2PHI)], Villejuif, France; 4Institut Pasteur, UMR 1181, B2PHI, Paris, France; 5Univ Versailles St.-Quentin-en-Yvelines, UMR 1181, B2PHI, Montigny le Bretonneux, France; 6ISGlobal, Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona, Spai...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Articles February 2017 Source Type: research
We examined data of 2,015 children from the PARIS birth cohort followed up with repeated questionnaires completed by parents until age 4 years. TRAP exposure in each child’s first year of life was estimated by nitrogen oxides (NOx) air dispersion modeling, taking into account both home and day care locations. Association between TRAP exposure and patterns of wheezing, dry night cough and rhinitis symptoms was studied using multinomial logistic regression models adjusted for potential confounders. Effect modification by parental history of allergy, ‘stressful’ family events, and gender wa...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: To control environmental threats to children’s health in Latin America, WHO, including PAHO, will focus on the most highly prevalent and serious hazards—indoor and outdoor air pollution, water pollution, and toxic chemicals. Strategies for controlling these hazards include developing tracking data on regional trends in children’s environmental health (CEH), building a network of Collaborating Centres, promoting biomedical research in CEH, building regional capacity, supporting development of evidence-based prevention policies, studying the economic costs of chronic diseases in children, and d...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review March 2015 Source Type: research
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