DIS-17-0023 The Enduring Health Challenges of Afghan Immigrants and Refugees in Iran: A Systematic Review

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by the author. Data Availability All national (MagIran, Science Information Database (SID) and Iranmedex) and international (PubMed, Scopus) databases were searched from November 2010 to November 2016 using keywords both in English and Persian: Afghan immigrants, Afghan refugees, Iran, infectious diseases, tuberculosis, HIV, Hepatitis B and C, non-communicable disease, food security, mental health, barriers, health insurance, access to health service. All related websites and webpages were also searched by Google with the same keywords and used back-tracking to find earlier relevant sources from 2001. Corresponding Author Frederick M. Burkle, Jr. Email: burkle@hsph.harvard.edu Tel: 1-808-262-2098 (Hawaii)
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Sensors and Actuators A: PhysicalAuthor(s): Ssu-Han Chen, Aron Michael, Chee Yee KwokAbstractThis paper presents the fabrication and characterization of a high performance piezoelectrically driven micro-lens actuator. The fabrication method involves controlling the residual stresses in the structure to predefine the initial deflection of the actuator, resulting in a larger actuation stroke. The residual stress control exploits the unique properties of ultra-high vacuum e-beam evaporated film to form thick tensile polysilicon as the actuator structural layer. This is...
Source: Sensors and Actuators A: Physical - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Wavefront shaping makes it possible to form a focus through opaque scattering materials. In some cases, this focus may be scanned over a ...
Source: Optics Letters - Category: Physics Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural BiotechnologyAuthor(s): V. Arpudhamary, S. Priya, Muhammed A.P. Manzoor, D. Mubarakali, S. HemalathaAbstractCancer is a group of diseases characterized by the rapid creation of abnormal cells. Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in humans, affecting millions of people per year. Cembranoids are carbocyclic diterpenes composed of 14-membered ring, mainly present in the genera Nicotiana and Pinus in plants, and soft coral and other organisms. Cembranoids are cytotoxic and inhibit phospholipid metabolism. The present study is focus...
Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural BiotechnologyAuthor(s): Bahgat Fayed, Hoda S. El-Sayed, Amira Abood, Amal M. Hashem, Nayra S.H. MehannaAbstractThe potential application for the multiparticulate synbiotic microcapsule in yoghurt production was presented in the current study. Initially, three different formulae were fabricated to investigate the mechanism of action. This was followed by characterization the size of both of the nanoparticles and the final multiparticulate microcapsule. The yoghurt was then formed and the formulae were added and subjected to 4 weeks stora...
Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Physiology &BehaviorAuthor(s): Nicole D. Schartz, Alexandra L. Sommer, Samantha A. Colin, Loyda B. Mendez, Amy L. BrewsterAbstractBackgroundStatus epilepticus (SE) is a prolonged and continuous seizure that lasts for at least 5 minutes. An episode of SE in a healthy system can lead to the development of spontaneous seizures and cognitive deficits which may be accompanied by hippocampal injury and microgliosis. Although the direct mechanisms underlying the SE-induced pathophysiology remain unknown, a candidate mechanism is hyperactivation of the classical complem...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Molecular and Cellular ProbesAuthor(s): Fengwei Nan, Guibo Sun, Weijie Xie, Tianyuan Ye, Xiao Sun, Ping Zhou, Xi Dong, Jiafu Sun, Mengren Zhang, Xiaobo SunAbstractDiabetic encephalopathy is a severe diabetic complication characterized by cognitive dysfunction and neuropsychiatric disability. Methylglyoxal (MGO), a highly reactive metabolite of hyperglycemia, serves as a major precursor of advanced glycation end products that play key roles in diabetic complications. Ginsenoside Rb1 (abbreviated as Rb1) has received extensive attention due to its potential therapeuti...
Source: Molecular and Cellular Probes - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
In this study, new peripheral tetra-4-butylmorpholine substituted zinc(II) phthalocyanine was synthesized through C–C bond formation using the palladium catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reaction. Its structure was characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, UV–vis, fluorescence, and MALDI-TOF-mass spectroscopic techniques. Its thermal property were evaluated by thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry. In addition, the photophysical properties of the zinc(II) phthalocyanine were also investigated in DMSO.
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
In this study, 3D Comparative Molecular Field Analysis (CoMFA) and Comparative Molecular Similarity Indices Analysis (CoMSIA) were employed to construct quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models of a series of niacinamide analogues as antiandrogens. The obtained models have good reliability and predictivity. In addition, the contour maps from the models can intuitively aid to understand the vital structural characteristics of niacinamides related with the AR antagonistic activities. Our study provides important guidance for the rational design and screening of highly potential active antiandrogens.
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The results of the Keynote-048 study have already led to the approval of pembrolizumab in the first line for platin-sensitive HNSCC in the USA and the expected approval in Europe will presumably change the therapeutic landscape in the long term. In the future, effective therapies for patients without a response to programmed cell death 1 (PD-1)/PD-L1 inhibition will be needed. PMID: 31612261 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: HNO - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research
We report the results from a study evaluating a commercially available artificial pelleted diet for bass and live feed (fathead minnows). Following a six-month diet-acclimation period, age-0 smallmouth bass were assessed using morphometric measures, histologic and immune-function end points using conventional methods, miniaturized cell isolation and assay methods as well as imaging flow cytometry. Fish on the two diets did not significantly differ in length, weight, or condition factor, indicating that growth was similar in the two groups. Histologic examination revealed relatively higher levels of macrophage aggregates an...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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