How Swallow Pressures and Dysphagia Affect Malnutrition and Mealtime Outcomes in Long-Term Care
AbstractMalnutrition is a major cause of hospitalization for residents of long-term care facilities (LTC). Dysphagia is thought to contribute to malnutrition. Tongue weakness is suggested to predict poor food intake, longer meals, and dysphagia. We explored the relationships between tongue strength, dysphagia, malnutrition and mealtime outcomes in LTC residents. Data were collected from 639 LTC residents (199 male), aged 62 –102 (mean 87). Maximum isometric tongue pressures (MIPs) and saliva swallow pressures (MSPs) were measured using the Iowa Oral Performance Instrument. Participants also completed the Screening Tool for Acute Neuro Dysphagia. Nutrition status was assessed using the Patient-Generated Subjective Glo bal Assessment. A series of repeated meal observations provided measures of meal duration and calories consumed. Mean MIPs were 33 kPa (95% CI 29–37) and MSPs were 26 kPa (95% CI 23–29). The odds of showing signs of dysphagia were 3.7 times greater in those with MSPs less than 26 kPa (p
"I'm infertile, but I'm also still just me..."
About one-third of adults say they don't usually get enough sleep. Now, there's news of a link between quality of sleep and risk of dementia. Dr. Jon LaPook explains the science behind the new report.
A BRISK 10-minute walk each day could save millions of middle-aged Britons from an early death, research has found.
A SIMPLE scan can accurately predict whether someone will suffer a potentially fatal stroke.
CANCER can be prevented with regular physical activity, but millions in the UK are raising their risk of early death by walking at a brisk pace less than ten minutes a month.
STROKE risk could be predicted after experts developed a new and potentially life-saving MRI scan.
The World Health Organization said the leading cause of death is now lower respiratory tract infections. HIV/AIDS killed 760,000 Africans in 2015, and was the top cause since at least 2000.
The move, unveiled in a policy statement on Wednesday, comes amid a broad effort to battle dangerous superbugs which are becoming increasingly resistant to medication.
The phase information of a complex field is routinely obtained using coherent measurement techniques as, e.g., interferometry or holography. The obtained measurement result is subject to a 2 π ambiguity and is often referred to as wrapped phase. Phase-unwrapping algorithms (PUAs) are commonly ...
Inspection of defects with micrometer level on large aperture surfaces with hundreds of millimeters is one of the challenges in surface quality evaluation. Various microscopic imaging methods have been applied to inspecting the surface defects, while they are time-consuming for the small field of ...