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Oldest case of gigantism? Assessment of the alleged remains of Sa-Nakht, king of ancient Egypt

Publication date: August 2017 Source:The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, Volume 5, Issue 8 Author(s): Francesco M Galassi, Maciej Henneberg, Wouter de Herder, Frank Rühli, Michael E Habicht
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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Acromegaly is a rare disorder caused by chronic growth hormone (GH) hypersecretion. While diagnostic and therapeutic methods have advanced, little information exists on trends in acromegaly characteristics over time. The Liège Acromegaly Survey (LAS) Database, a relational database, is designed to assess the profile of acromegaly patients at diagnosis and during long-term follow-up at multiple treatment centers. The following results were obtained at diagnosis. The study population consisted of 3173 acromegaly patients from ten countries; 54.5% were female. Males were significantly younger at diagnosis than females ...
Source: Endocrine-Related Cancer - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
ConclusionsAP102 is a new dual SSTR2/SSTR5-specific somatostatin analog that acutely reduces growth hormone but does not cause hyperglycemia during acute or chronic administration in a healthy rat model. Further studies in diabetic animals and in humans are necessary to determine the potential utility of AP102 in the clinical setting.
Source: Endocrine - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In this study, we examine if the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke differ from that of the general population.MethodsData from the German Acromegaly Registry in seven specialized endocrine centres were analysed (n  = 479, 56% female, 46 years old at diagnosis, 5549 person-years from diagnosis). Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) were calculated as compared to the general population.ResultsMI and stroke incidences were very close to those of the general population with an SIR (95% CI) of 0.89 (0.47 –1.52, p = 0.80) for MI and 1.17 (0.66–1.93, p =&thi...
Source: Pituitary - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeWhether the renin –angiotensin–aldosterone system plays a role or not in the development of cardiovascular morbidity in acromegaly patients is unknown. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between ACE (I/D) and AGT (M235T) gene polymorphisms and cardiovascular and metabolic disorders in the acr omegaly.MethodsThe study included one hundred and seventeen acromegalic patients (62  F/55 M, age: 50.2 ± 12.3 years) and 106 healthy controls (92 F/14 M, age: 41.4 ± 11.3 years). PCR method was used to evaluate the prevalence...
Source: Pituitary - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
is a rare, chronic, debilitating condition. Untreated, it causes significant morbidity and reduces life expectancy by about 10 years. The disease process is insidious, and early presenting features can be non-specific (e.g. sweating, fatigue). Physicians, dentists and surgeons should consider this diagnosis if any of the more classically recognized features is present (e.g. dental malocclusion, symptoms of median nerve entrapment, sleep apnoea, type 2 diabetes mellitus without a family history).
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Pituitary disorders Source Type: research
Objectives/HypothesisAlthough previous studies have reported increased perioperative complications among obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients undergoing any surgery requiring general anesthesia, there is a paucity of literature addressing the impact of OSA on postoperative transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) complications. The aim of this study was to analyze postoperative outcomes in transsphenoidal pituitary surgery patients with OSA. Secondarily, we examined patient characteristics and comorbidities. Study DesignRetrospective analysis. MethodsThe 2002 to 2013 National Inpatient Sample was queried for patients undergoing TSS...
Source: The Laryngoscope - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Allergy/Rhinology Source Type: research
Find out which factors may negatively impact quality of life among patients with treated and controlled acromegaly.Clinical Endocrinology
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology Journal Article Source Type: news
Authors: Tahara S, Murakami M, Kaneko T, Shimatsu A Abstract A multicenter, open-label, phase 2 study was conducted to investigate the efficacy and safety of long-acting pasireotide formulation in Japanese patients with acromegaly or pituitary gigantism. Medically naïve or inadequately controlled patients (on somatostatin analogues or dopamine agonists) were included. Primary end point was the proportion of all patients who achieved biochemical control (mean growth hormone [GH] levels
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
e;s B Abstract The anti-somatostatin agents used to treat acromegaly, Cushing's disease and neuroendocrine tumours also have hyperglycaemic effects. This is particularly true for pasireotide. Hyperglycaemic events are seen in 57-73% of patients with Cushing's treated with pasireotide, with a need to initiate antidiabetic treatment in about 50% of these patients. In acromegaly, treatment with pasireotide induces hyperglycaemia in 29-61% of patients. Pasireotide-induced hyperglycemia occurs early, within the first 3 months of treatment, due to a decrease in insulin secretion secondary to a fall in secretion of GLP-1...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Diabetes Metab Source Type: research
Authors: Haddad A, Ashkenazi RI, Bitterman H, Feldhamer I, Greenberg-Dotan S, Lavi I, Batat E, Bergman I, Cohen AD, Zisman D Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate endocrine comorbidities in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was performed with the database of Clalit Health Services, the largest healthcare provider in Israel, between 2002 and 2014. Patients with PsA were identified and matched by age and sex to healthy controls. The following morbidities were analyzed: hypo/hyperthyroidism, hypo/hyperparathyroidism, hyperprolactinemia, Cushing disease, Addison d...
Source: Journal of Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: J Rheumatol Source Type: research
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