Some types of vegetarian diet can raise heart disease risk
Conclusion This large pooled cohort study seems to demonstrate an association between a healthy plant-based diet and reduced risk of coronary heart disease, and an increased risk of heart disease with an unhealthy plant-based diet. This adds to the evidence base supporting the possible benefits of healthy plant-based diets in protecting against certain illnesses. However there are some limitations to the research: The cohort included only health professionals from the US so might not be representative of wider populations in the UK or elsewhere. The study can't provide information on the benefits or otherwise of this diet in people with established coronary heart disease, stroke or cancer as these people were excluded. The questionnaire was self-reported and asked for recall of food habits over the previous year so there might be some inaccuracies in reporting. Also, people might not want to admit to consuming less healthy foods – although if unhealthy foods were under-reported, this could have meant an even bigger difference in results. Heart disease outcomes were mainly self-reported and then verified, so some cases may have been missed. Although analyses adjusted for various health and lifestyle factors, there are likely to be many other confounding variables influencing likelihood of coronary heart disease, such as education, occupation or stress levels. Nevertheless the study supports general understanding about the benefits of wholegrains, fruits ...
Authors: Charytoniuk T, Małyszko M, Bączek J, Fiedorczyk P, Siedlaczek K, Małyszko J Abstract Nephrectomy, which constitutes a gold-standard procedure for the treatment of renal-cell carcinoma (RCC), has been widely discussed in the past decade as a significant risk factor of the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). RCC is the third most common genitourinary cancer in the United States, with an estimated more than 65,000 new cases and 14,970 deaths. The aim of this review was to precisely and comprehensively summarize the status of current knowledge in chronic kidney disease risk factors after nephrectom...
Publication date: October 2018Source: Pregnancy Hypertension, Volume 14Author(s): Cheng-Qiu Lu, Jie Lin, Lin Yuan, Jian-Guo Zhou, Kun Liang, Qing-Hua Zhong, Jin-Hua Huang, Li-Ping Xu, Hui Wu, Zhi Zheng, Li-Li Ping, Yi Sun, Zhan-Kui Li, Ling Liu, Qin Lyu, Chao ChenAbstractObjectiveTo identify the effect of pregnancy induced hypertension on neonatal outcomes in early and moderate preterm infants of gestational age less than 34 weeks.Study designProspectively collected data in 773 premature deliveries less than 34 weeks from 10 centers in China between July 2014 and July 2016 were analyzed in this cohort study. Univariate...
A study from Harvard University has found that those who gained weight after quitting smoking had a 22 percent higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes in comparison with current smokers.
Authors: Russo Picasso MF, Vicens J, Giuliani C, Jaén ADV, Cabezón C, Figari M, Gómez Saldaño AM, Figar S Abstract Background: Two hypotheses attempt to explain the increase of thyroid cancer (TC) incidence: overdetection by excessive diagnostic scrutiny and a true increase in new cases brought about by environmental factors. Changes in the mechanism of detection and the risk of incidentally diagnosed TC could result in an increase of TC incidence. Methods: Retrospective cohort study. We identified incident cases of TC from the pathological reports of patients in a HMO and review of ...
Contributors : Ting La ; Xu D ZhangSeries Type : Non-coding RNA profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Mus musculusTo investigate miRNAs in quiescent cancer cell
(MedPage Today) -- Also, breast-conserving surgery or mastectomy?
(MedPage Today) -- But diabetic individuals did have a higher risk for heart failure
(Reuters Health) - People with diabetes are more likely to develop certain cancers than those without the condition, and a new analysis suggests that the increased risk is greater for women than for men.
Conclusions: Higher hs-CRP as a marker of low-grade inflammation was detected in prepubertal children exposed to maternal GDM, but no differences were seen in height, weight, BMI, or markers of glucose and lipid metabolism compared to control children. This finding may reflect an ongoing process of metabolic changes in children born after a GDM pregnancy.Horm Res Paediatr
(Reuters Health) - Weight gain can be a big concern for smokers who want to quit, and a new study suggests that it raises the odds of developing type 2 diabetes in the first six years after quitting.
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