Delayed cerebral ischemia after subarachnoid hemorrhage: Comparing and integrating classification systems.

Delayed cerebral ischemia after subarachnoid hemorrhage: Comparing and integrating classification systems. Surg Neurol Int. 2017;8:121 Authors: Kubben PL, Germans MR, Jabbarli R PMID: 28713625 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

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ABSTRACT Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is a condition with a considerable incidence variation worldwide. In Brazil, the exact epidemiology of aneurysmal SAH is unknown. The most common presenting symptom is headache, usually described as the worst headache ever felt. Head computed tomography, when performed within six hours of the ictus, has a sensitivity of nearly 100%. It is important to classify the hemorrhage based on clinical and imaging features as a way to standardize communication. Classification also has prognostic value. In order to prevent rebleeding, there still is controversy regarding the ideal blood pre...
Source: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractThe initial clinical status after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is an important outcome predictor, but the mechanisms behind the early brain injury (EBI) remains incompletely understood. Elevated neurofilament levels in the cerebrospinal fluid at protracted stages after SAH are associated with poor outcome, but the potential association between plasma neurofilament (pNfL) levels during EBI, disease severity on admission, and poor outcome remains unaddressed. Plasma NfL (pNfL) was measured by single molecule array in 44 SAH patients on admission and 24  h after ictus, as well as in 44 controls. Disease severity...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a catastrophic disease with devastating consequences, including a high mortality rate and severe disabilities among survivors. Inflammation is induced following SAH,...
Source: Journal of Neuroinflammation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
ConclusionTraumatic dACA aneurysm is a rare complication of brain trauma. Delayed intracranial haemorrhage and the sudden deterioration of neurologic function were the typical characteristics in patients with traumatic dACA aneurysm. CTA is the first-line screening modality for patients who present with intracerebral haemorrhage in the corpus callosum after trauma, particularly for patients who are older, in a poorer or critical condition. When the aneurysm is located in the A4 segment or involves a small branch, surgical trapping is the preferred definitive therapy to prevent further growth and disastrous bleeding. Early ...
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
ConclusionThe two screening tools implemented here frequently identified NPDs among aSAH patients that were categorized with favorable outcome according to the mRS. Our results suggest that MoCA or ERFC could be used to screen early NPDs in favorable outcome patients, who in turn might benefit from early neuropsychological rehabilitation.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study is the first to show that activation of apelin receptor (APJ) by apelin-13 ...
Source: Journal of Neuroinflammation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
We present a case of SSH after inadvertent lumbar spinal drain removal while on clopidogrel. The contrast between the patient’s mild clinical symptoms compared to his impressive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) highlights the variable presentations that can be seen with spinal and epidural hematomas. Despite sophisticated electronic warnings systems available to improve patient safety, better efforts are needed to improve interprofessional communication with providers taking care of patients with indwelling neuraxial catheters.
Source: A&A Case Reports - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
Abstract Transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography is an inexpensive, noninvasive means of measuring blood flow within the arteries of the brain. In this review, the authors outline the technology underlying TCD ultrasonography and describe its uses in patients with neurosurgical diseases. One of the most common uses of TCD ultrasonography is monitoring for vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage. In this setting, elevated blood flow velocities serve as a proxy for vasospasm and can herald the onset of ischemia. TCD ultrasonography is also useful in the evaluation and management of occlusive cerebrovascular d...
Source: Neurosurgical Focus - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Neurosurg Focus Source Type: research
Abstract Intracranial aneurysms confer the risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), a potentially devastating condition, though most aneurysms will remain asymptomatic for the lifetime of the patient. Imaging is critical to all stages of patient care for those who harbor an unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA), including to establish the diagnosis, to determine therapeutic options, to undertake surveillance in patients who elect not to undergo treatment or whose aneurysm(s) portends such a low risk that treatment is not indicated, and to perform follow-up after treatment. Neuroimaging is equally as important in pa...
Source: Neurosurgical Focus - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Neurosurg Focus Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Much of the current discourse surrounding healthcare reform in the United States revolves around the role of the profit motive in medical care. However, there currently exists a paucity of literature evaluating the effect of for-profit hospital ownership status on neurological and neurosurgical care. The purpose of this study was to compare inpatient mortality, operation rates, length of stay, and hospital charges between private nonprofit and for-profit hospitals in the treatment of intracranial hemorrhage. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study utilized data from the National Inpatient...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Source Type: research
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