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Validation of the short Arabic UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale - Bteich G, Berbiche D, Khazaal Y.

BACKGROUND: Impulsivity is involved in numerous psychiatric and addictive disorders, as well as in risky behaviors. The UPPS-P scale highlights five complementary impulsivity constructs (i.e., positive urgency, negative urgency, lack of perseverance, lack ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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BACKGROUND: There is a growing concern over the addictiveness of Social Media use. Additional representative indicators of impaired control are needed in order to distinguish presumed social media addiction from normal use. AIMS: (1) To examine the existen...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Authors: Majeed MH, Ali AA, Sudak DM Abstract Chronic pain is estimated to occur in from 5.5% to 33% of the world's adult population (Gureje et al., 1998). Chronic pain is frequently treated with opiates, which has produced an opiate addiction crisis (Dowell et al., 2016). Several non-pharmacological treatment alternatives can help manage chronic pain. There is moderate evidence that mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) such as meditation, yoga, and stress reduction lower the perception of pain, increase mobility, improve functioning and well-being. By integrating MBIs and other therapeutic interventions in a mul...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Authors: Wong JG Abstract Preview Motivating patients to quit smoking is one of the greatest challenges in medicine. The adverse effects of smoking on a patient's general health and the enormous cost of the habit to society should make smoking cessation a priority for physician intervention. In this article, Dr Wong discusses the addictive properties of nicotine and the consequences of giving it up and outlines a simple four-step approach to behavior modification. PMID: 29219673 [PubMed]
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
We describe the articles and commentaries thematically to include topics that address 1) the contemporary history of methadone maintenance, 2) the provision of and access and barriers to MAT, 3) compliance and outcomes of MAT, 4) health issues among MAT patients, 5) race, ethnicity, and social class backgrounds of MAT patients, 6) criminalization and stigma, and 7) challenges associated with the expansion of MAT. PMID: 29220615 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
Conclusions/Importance: Natural opiate users may constitute distinct subgroup of opioid users with fewer/no complications despite long duration of uninterrupted use. These findings would be important in planning management strategies for people dependent on natural opiates. PMID: 29220602 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
I was nearing the end of my pediatrics rotation as a third-year medical student when the senior resident asked me to admit a patient to the general pediatrics floor. The only information I had as I headed down to the intensive care unit was that she was a ten-year-old girl who had survived an extensive resuscitation at home. By this point in my education, I was certain that I wanted to be a pediatrician. I had recently finished my internal medicine rotation. Fresh in my mind were hospitalized patients who were suffering from their past choices, like drug addiction and alcoholic cirrhosis. I had cared for a man who, as soon...
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Physician Critical Care Pediatrics Source Type: blogs
Abstract BackgroundEpidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)‐mutated non‐small‐cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a subgroup of oncogene addicted lung cancer that predicts response to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI). However, there is variability in response and survival outcomes in patients with EGFR mutation treated with TKI. AimTo describe clinical characteristics, treatment patterns and factors influencing outcomes in patients with EGFR‐mutated NSCLC in South Western Sydney Local Health District. MethodsRetrospective review of patients with EGFR‐mutated NSCLC diagnosed between January 2010 and June 2016. ResultsA tot...
Source: Internal Medicine Journal - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2017 Source:Neuroscience Research Author(s): Enas Kasem, Taiga Kurihara, Katsuhiko Tabuchi Neurexins are a family of presynaptic single-pass transmembrane proteins that act as synaptic organizers in mammals. The neurexins consist of three genes (NRXN1, NRXN2, and NRXN3), each of which produces a longer α- and shorter β-form. Genomic alterations in NRXN genes have been identified in a wide variety of neuropsychiatric disorders, including autism spectrum disorders (ASD), schizophrenia, intellectual disability (ID), and addiction. Remarkably, a bi-allelic deficiency of...
Source: Neuroscience Research - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 February 2018 Source:Physiology & Behavior, Volume 184 Author(s): Ardeshir Akbarabadi, Saba Niknamfar, Nasim Vousooghi, Mitra-Sadat Sadat-Shirazi, Heidar Toolee, Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast Drug addiction is a chronic disorder resulted from complex interaction of genetic, environmental, and developmental factors. Epigenetic mechanisms play an important role in the development and maintenance of addiction and also memory formation in the brain. We have examined passive avoidance memory and morphine conditioned place preference (CPP) in the offspring of male and/or female rats with a history of adulthoo...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Publication date: 9 December 2017 Source:New Scientist, Volume 236, Issue 3155 Author(s): Timothy Revell
Source: New Scientist - Category: Science Source Type: research
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