Phrase frequency effects in free recall: Evidence for redintegration

Publication date: December 2017 Source:Journal of Memory and Language, Volume 97 Author(s): Cassandra L. Jacobs, Gary S. Dell, Colin Bannard Three experiments examined the effects of word and phrase frequency on free recall. Word frequency did not affect word recall, but when participants studied and recalled lists of compositional adjective-noun phrases (e.g. alcoholic beverages), phrase frequency had a consistently beneficial effect: both words from frequent phrases were more likely to be recalled than for infrequent phrases, providing evidence that long-term memory for phrases can aid in pattern completion, or redintegration. We explain these results and those of a previous study of phrase frequency effects in recognition memory (Jacobs, Dell, Benjamin, & Bannard , 2016) by assuming that the language processing system provides features that are linked to episodic contexts. Recall tasks map from these contexts to linguistic elements, and recognition maps from linguistic elements to contexts. Word and phrase frequency effects in both memory tasks emerge both within the language processing system and from multiple stored episodes, and the fact that the representations of phrases are tied to knowledge of their component words, rather than being representational islands.
Source: Journal of Memory and Language - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: 10 November 2018Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Volume 273Author(s): Yanfang Zhao, Chao Chang, Panpan Gai, Lei Han, Feng Li, Bo LiAbstractIn this work, we develop a facile one-step synthesis method of poly(3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine) (poly(DOPA)) fluorescent organic nanoparticles (FONPs) by polymerization of DOPA in alkaline alcohol solution under ultrasonic radiation. The morphology and size of poly(DOPA)-FONPs are dependent on the synthesis conditions, such as solvent and alkali concentration. Under the optimized condition, the prepared poly(DOPA)-FONPs possess not only uniform size and morph...
Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: 10 November 2018Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Volume 273Author(s): Sarada Idris, Nur Hidayah Azeman, Noor Azwen Noor Azmy, Chantara Thevy Ratnam, Mohd Adzir Mahdi, Ahmad Ashrif A. BakarAbstractTapered optical fiber coated with pyrrole/poly(vinyl alcohol)-glucose oxidase (Py/PVA-GOx) for glucose biosensing was successfully fabricated by radiation immobilization of GOx onto polymeric surfaces. Polymerization of pyrrole and PVA crosslinking was carried out by means of gamma irradiation. The nature of enzyme immobilization was studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectro...
Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
In this study, three new classes of compounds were modified from Alda-1 to improve their water-solubility and then drug-like properties. The results showed that all compounds had increased water solubility and two classes of compounds exhibited good activation activity. Among them, compound I-6 showed the best activity.
Source: Journal of Saudi Chemical Society - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2018Source: Catalysis TodayAuthor(s): Pillaiyar Puthiaraj, Kyoungsoo Kim, Wha-Seung AhnAbstractHighly porous carbon was prepared via a zeolite hard templating route. Subsequent melamine treatment produced nitrogen-functionalized carbon (NPC), which was used as a support to anchor Pd nanoparticles (Pd/NPC) of sizes 2-4 nm using the chemical reduction method. Various analytical techniques were used to characterize the textural properties, structure, and chemical nature of the catalyst. Pd/NPC was then employed as a catalyst for the transfer hydrogenation of biomass-derived fu...
Source: Catalysis Today - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Falling down a flight of stairs is a common injury mechanism in major trauma patients, but little research has been undertaken into the impact of age and alcohol intoxication on the injury patterns of these patients. The aim of this study was t...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
Depression and alcohol use disorders are highly comorbid. Typically, alcohol use peaks in emerging adulthood (e.g., during university), and many people also develop depression at this time. Self-medication theory predicts that depressed emerging adults dri...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news
We examined the relationship between alcohol consumpti...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Addictovigilance is a health vigilance dedicated to the survey of medicinal or illicit psychoactive substance use disorders (SUDs). France is the only European country to have a vigilance system specifically dedicated to substances with an abuse/addiction ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
We systematically reviewed the current use of Google Street View (GSV) in health research and characterized major themes, strengths and weaknesses in order to highlight possibilities for future research. Of 54 qualifying studies, we found that most used GS...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
ANN ARBOR, Mich. (CBS Local) – A disturbing new study declares that a growing number of young Americans are drinking themselves to death. The findings point to a skyrocketing increase in cirrhosis and liver cancer deaths over the last decade. According to the report published in the journal BMJ, deaths due to cirrhosis increased by 65 percent from 2009 to 2016. Deaths from liver cancer doubled (from more than 5,100 to nearly 11,100) during the same time period. Americans between 25-34 were found to be the largest group affected. Cirrhosis is a disease commonly caused by excessive drinking or ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Alcohol Drinking liver disease Local TV talkers Source Type: news
More News: Alcoholism | Speech-Language Pathology | Study