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Contingency management interventions for non-prescribed drug use during treatment for opiate addiction: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Ainscough TS, McNeill A, Strang J, Calder R, Brose LS.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Use of non-prescribed drugs during treatment for opiate addiction reduces treatment success, creating a need for effective interventions. This review aimed to assess the efficacy of contingency management, a behavioural treatment that ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe addictions field lacks a coherent framework for strategies to reduce harm arising from the consumption of alcohol. We need to be able to clarify the mechanisms by which key strategies operate, and encompass aetiological factors that do not involve drinking.Recent FindingsWe outline population and high-risk individual strategies focused on supply- and demand-side factors and propose a system laid out in two tables, for classifying consumption-focused and non-consumption-focused countermeasures.SummarySome countermeasures belong in more than one cell, reflecting more than one underlying mechanism...
Source: Current Addiction Reports - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Abstract The goal of this editorial is to equip readers with opioid education resources that enable you to role model what it looks like to speak out about addiction. How are we doing as a profession speaking up about addiction? Stigma is commanded by a deep irony: where peer pressure is what likely keeps us quiet, peer support is what enables us to speak up. The "#MeToo" movement is an extraordinary example of the inertia needed to break open a taboo topic. From Hollywood celebrities to US women's gymnastics stars, it was clear that as more women spoke up about sexual harassment, well, the more women sp...
Source: American Journal of Health Promotion : AJHP - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Am J Health Promot Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Israel's single official Dual Diagnosis detox inpatient unit has satisfactory annual program completion rates when compared to similar institutions. Suboptimal treatment regimen may contribute to the early discharge of patients using polysubstance use and diagnosed with personality disorders. An association between early discharges with a disability pension warrant further investigation as there is no apparent connection between the two. PMID: 29668421 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research
When I was 12, my father got into a bicycle accident resulting in traumatic brain injury. Although I was unaware of it at the time, this day became the first day of the rest of my life. Despite having never seen either of my parents so much as have a sip of wine with dinner, I watched my father spiral into a crippling alcohol addiction that wreaked havoc on our lives. As I entered my rebellious teenage years, I learned an important lesson: addiction fuels in others a desire to be overly accommodating, even as they simultaneously ignore a dire situation until it becomes intolerable — often, way too late. The media has...
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Conditions Pain Management Psychiatry Source Type: blogs
Authors: Kabir SMS Abstract The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the deleterious effects of climate change on psychological health of the Hill-Tracts and government to deal with these adverse psychological health impacts. Although knowledge is still limited about the connections between climate change and psychological health, the evidence is indicating that impacts can be felt at both the individual and community levels, with psychological health outcomes ranging from psychological distress, depression, and anxiety, to increased addictions and suicide rates. Drawing from 125 in-depth interviews condu...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine the conditions under which daily stressful and positive events are associated with alcohol use among heavy drinking sexual minority men (SMM). Specifically, we examined the moderating effects of two indic...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Women were more likely than men to use opioids during the course of the buprenorphine/naloxone clinical trial, and medical issues predicted opioid use during treatment for women but not men. Complementary treatment for medical problems during opioid replacement therapy may benefit women. PMID: 29672167 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research
April is Alcohol Awareness Month and a good time for a Twitter chat on alcohol and other substance use disorders, including those involving opioids, tobacco, and other substances.
Source: NIAAA News - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: news
Conclusions This cohort describing the clinical characteristics of 69 patients is the largest cohort studied for THP addiction. Patients from the Centres for Addiction Prevention and Treatment were the youngest and most recently addicted, whereas general practice patients had been addicted for longer and were more socially integrated. This clinical description of THP addiction therefore enables us to identify the patients who are the most at risk, to set up an adapted care protocol.
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Four predominant trajectories of alcohol consumption were identified. Targeting MDD and related interpersonal factors such as attachment style and social support in population-based prevention and treatment initiatives may help prevent, mitigate, and promote recovery from excessive alcohol consumption in veterans. (Am J Addict 2018;XX:1-8). PMID: 29667712 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal on Addictions - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research
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