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Contingency management interventions for non-prescribed drug use during treatment for opiate addiction: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Ainscough TS, McNeill A, Strang J, Calder R, Brose LS.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Use of non-prescribed drugs during treatment for opiate addiction reduces treatment success, creating a need for effective interventions. This review aimed to assess the efficacy of contingency management, a behavioural treatment that ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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In conclusion, while abstinence remains the safest treatment goal for individuals with AD, evidence supports that reduced drinking approaches may be an important extension in the treatment of AD.Eur Addict Res 2017;23:219-230
Source: European Addiction Research - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Whether raising the price of addictive goods can reduce its burden is widely debated in many countries, largely due to lack of appropriate data and robust methods. Three key concerns frequently raised in the literature are: unobserved heterogeneity; omitte...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Promoting the use of medications to support recovery required complex interventions. The Advancing Recovery System Change Model, initially developed in publicly funded systems of care, was successfully adapted for commercial sector use. The model provides a framework for providers and commercial health plans to collaborate and increase patient access to medications. PMID: 28930061 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: YouTube videos depicting the alcohol brands favored by underage youth are heavily viewed, and the majority are traditional or narrative advertisements. Understanding characteristics associated with different brands and video categories may aid in intervention development. PMID: 28930052 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Despite the various caveats, circadian genes do appear to modulate drug use disorders; hence, molecules comprising the circadian system represent potential therapeutic agents, and we present a limited discussion of this interesting possibility. Future work using suitably powered large clinical samples in genome-wide association studies will identify additional molecules as well as functional pathways, and possibly new therapies. PMID: 28930051 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research
The objective of this study is to investigate the prevalence of substance use disorder among college youth receiving treatment for psychiatric illness and the impact of this comorbidity on educational disruption and functional outcomes. 113 college students treated at a hospital-based outpatient psychiatric program in Rhode Island from July 2012 to July 2013. Chart reviews yielded demographic information, psychiatric diagnoses, Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scores at initial evaluation, and occurrence of medical leave. Rates of medical leave and significant impairment (GAF  ≤ 60) in participants with ...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Abstract Repeated cycles of alcohol [ethanol (EtOH)] intoxication and withdrawal dysregulate excitatory glutamatergic systems in the brain and induce neuroadaptations in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) that contribute to cognitive dysfunction. The mPFC is composed of subdivisions that are functionally distinct, with dorsal regions facilitating drug‐cue associations and ventral regions modulating new learning in the absence of drug. A key modulator of glutamatergic activity is the holoenzyme calcium/calmodulin‐dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) that phosphorylates ionotropic glutamate receptors. Here, we examined ...
Source: Addiction Biology - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2017 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 191 Author(s): Arjunan Subramanian, Parmod Kumar Whether raising the price of addictive goods can reduce its burden is widely debated in many countries, largely due to lack of appropriate data and robust methods. Three key concerns frequently raised in the literature are: unobserved heterogeneity; omitted variables; identification problem. Addressing these concerns, using robust instrument and employing unique individual-level panel data from Indian Punjab, this paper investigates two related propositions (i) will increase in alcohol price reduce ...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
(Reuters Health) - Nearly 50 alcohol-flavored tobacco product lines are marketed by more than 400 tobacco brands in the United States and these products may especially attract teens, luring them into tobacco addiction, according to a new study.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
In conclusion, while abstinence remains the safest treatment goal for individuals with AD, evidence supports that reduced drinking approaches may be an important extension in the treatment of AD.Eur Addict Res 2017;23:219-230
Source: European Addiction Research - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
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