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Contingency management interventions for non-prescribed drug use during treatment for opiate addiction: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Ainscough TS, McNeill A, Strang J, Calder R, Brose LS.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Use of non-prescribed drugs during treatment for opiate addiction reduces treatment success, creating a need for effective interventions. This review aimed to assess the efficacy of contingency management, a behavioural treatment that ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: Tailored motivational interventions could be offered to ambivalent patients, especially during the beginning of the treatment and some significant periods of the year. A particular focus should be brought on patients presenting such profiles in terms of level of alcohol problems, inclinations to drink and motivation to change. Overall, the study provides elements to better understand what may bring one patient to drop out of the treatment, and to improve the continuity of care. PMID: 29469633 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
This study looked specifically at the effect of alcohol use disorders, and included people who had been diagnosed with mental and behavioural disorders or chronic diseases that were attributable to chronic harmful use of alcohol.Of the 57,000 cases of early-onset dementia (before the age of 65), the majority (57%) were related to chronic heavy drinking.What is the Difference Between Alzheimer ’s and DementiaSubscribe to the Alzheimer's Reading - This is a Free Service - Join NowLargest study of its kind finds alcohol use biggest risk factor for dementiaOf the 57,000 cases of early-onset dementia (before the age of 65...
Source: Alzheimer's Reading Room, The - Category: Neurology Tags: alcohol dementia alcohol disorder Alzheimers Dementia chocoholic abuse chronic alcohol abuse dementia care dementia risk early onset dementia Source Type: blogs
This study adds to the growing body of evidence suggesting varenicline to be well tolerated in those with active substance use disorders,” wrote A. Eden Evans, M.D., Ph.D., and John F. Kelly, Ph.D., both of the Center for Addiction Medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School., in anaccompanying editorial inJAMA Psychiatry. “These findings highlight the importance of the National Institutes of Health’s emphasis on systematically evaluating sex or gender in treatment effects and add to the converging evidence of the need for more specific and targeted treatments for women and men.&...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: A. Eden Evans alcohol AUD heavy drinking JAMA Psychiatry John Kelly NIH sex differences smoking cessation Stephanie O'Malley varenicline Source Type: research
In Sound True’s Insight at the Edge podcast with Gabrielle Bernstein, she explains a thought-provoking view-that judgment is a form of addiction, something that starts with a temporary high and ends with an emotional hangover. “I think I can see for myself, before doing this process I felt justified in my judgment. I felt like they were protecting me. It was a false sense of protection. But when I really started to dig into it, I could see how detrimental the behavior was, and how it was really bringing me down. The reason I believe that judgment is an addictive pattern is that the same way we would use drugs, ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Best of Our Blogs Source Type: blogs
Hot on the heels of headlines linking alcohol consumption with longer life comes new research that casts a much more sobering light on drinking. According to an analysis of more than 1 million people—the largest study of its kind to date—scientists say that heavy alcohol use is the biggest modifiable risk factor for dementia, especially early-onset forms of the disease. The findings, which are published in The Lancet Public Health, came as a shock to the researchers involved. “We hypothesized that alcohol would play some role, but I don’t think anyone expected the size of the effect to be so large,&...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime onetime Research Source Type: news
DISCUSSION: Mental health services should focus on integrated approaches via multimodal treatment interventions that encapsulate harm reduction and educational initiatives: Despite the modest sample, the findings have emphasized the importance of a broad range of treatment approaches delivered within a unitary delivery system. PMID: 29461932 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research
Abstract Studies have identified strong associations between D2 receptor binding potential and neural responses to rewarding stimuli and substance use. Thus, D2 receptor perturbations are central to theoretical models of the pathophysiology of substance dependence, and epigenetic changes may represent one of the fundamental molecular mechanisms impacting the effects of alcohol exposure on the brain. We hypothesized that epigenetic alterations in the promoter region of the dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) gene would be associated with cue‐elicited activation of neural reward regions, as well as severity of alcohol use behavior...
Source: Addiction Biology - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
More and more, marijuana is being legalized for medicinal or recreational purposes, but what are the health benefits and risks of the drug? We investigate.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Alcohol / Addiction / Illegal Drugs Source Type: news
A study published on 20  February in the Lancet Public Health has suggested that alcohol abuse addiction disorders are a major risk factor for dementia, specifically early onset dementia. 
Source: Alzheimers Society - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: news
ConclusionsAssociations between psychotic experiences (PEs) and substance use/substance use disorders (SU/SUDs) are often bidirectional, but not all types of SU/SUDs are associated with PEs. These findings suggest that it is important to be aware of the presence of PEs within those with SUDs or at risk of SUDs, given the plausibility that they may each impact upon the other.
Source: Addiction - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Research Report Source Type: research
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