New Netflix film about anorexia divides eating disorder activists
To The Bone tells the story of a 20-year-old woman who's suffering from anorexia.
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder, which affects particularly adolescents. The media coverage of feminine thinness is demonstrated as a token of beauty, with diet as a tool to achieve this. However, diets are not enough to explain the numerous cases. ...
DiscussionWe speculate that low oxytocin levels may contribute to alexithymia in women with anorexia nervosa.
ConclusionFBT is the most cost‐effective among treatment arms, whereas AFT was not cost‐effective compared to no intervention. Further research is required to verify this result.
CONCLUSION: Nutritional decline and onset or deterioration of CAS are difficult to predict. Careful measuring and monitoring of nutritional parameters and CAS in all patients seems to be necessary in order to identify those patients in need of enteral/parenteral nutrition support. PMID: 29027398 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Kitagawa M, Yamanaka Y, Adachi T, Ito J, Fukase K, Ohta I, Katagiri T Abstract Herein, we report on an 82-year-old woman who presented with anorexia. The patient had hyponatremia with preserved urinary osmotic pressure. T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a lack of high signal intensity (SI) in the posterior pituitary lobe. Based on the patient's high levels of N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), heart failure was suspected. The heart failure may have caused arginine vasopressin (AVP) secretion. The depletion of AVP secretory granules may therefore cause the post...
This hypothesis suggest that starvation-induced ketosis, which leads to a fundamental biochemical change in the metabolic fuel supply of the brain, is uniquely anxiolytic and rewarding to patients prone to AN. Ketosis can easily be replicated by a unique diet marked by high fat, moderate protein, and very low carbohydrate. This diet, known as a ketogenic diet (KGD) mimics starvation, thus allowing the patient to experience the anxiolytic state of ketosis, and yet avoid the morbidity of starvation.
Conclusions The optimal parameters to achieve complete amenorrhoea included early adolescence, chronic starvation and 25% weight loss. The new ABA model allows studying the effects of chronic AN on underlying behavioural, hormonal and brain pathobiology.
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a serious public health problem with one of the highest mortality rates and treatment costs of any psychiatric disorder (Arcelus et al., 2011). With an average duration of 7 years and full recovery rates of only 50%, many patients suffer chronically, imposing a heavy burden on their families and the health system (Klump et al., 2009). AN is characterised by ritualistic and repetitive behaviours around control of nourishment in the service of self-worth (Russell, 2013) usually with important developmental and genetic underpinnings.
CONCLUSION: The public perception of the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of cannabis-based medicines in pain management and palliative medicine conflicts with the findings of systematic reviews and prospective observational studies conducted according to the standards of evidence-based medicine. PMID: 29017688 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Gupta S, Ved A Abstract Operculina turpethum (Linn.) (OT) Silva Manso belongs to the family Convolvulaceae. This review incorporates literature for the phytochemical and pharmacological profile of OT herb. Exhaustive literature survey was done using all the details on phytochemistry and pharmacology of OT available. This herb was found to be a potent source of bioactive compounds such as α- and β-turpethein, turpethinic acids (A, B, C, D, and E), coumarins, cycloartenol, lanosta-5-ene, 24-methylene-δ-5-lanosterol, α- and β-rhamnose, β-sitosterol, lupeol, scopoletin, betulin...