Long-term effect of surgical revascularization on silent microbleeds in adult moyamoya disease: A case report.

CONCLUSIONS: Surgical revascularization may be useful to reduce the moyamoya vessels and prevent cerebrovascular events in a certain subgroup of patients with asymptomatic moyamoya disease, although its universal benefits on asymptomatic moyamoya disease have not been established yet. PMID: 28695046 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Related Links:

We report a case of moyamoya disease with epileptic nystagmus. A 23-year-old woman presented with a headache and transient hemiparesis on her left side. Magnetic resonance imaging showed no ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke lesions. Digital subtraction angiography confirmed stenosis of the terminal portion of the right internal carotid artery and the formation of moyamoya vessels on the right side. 123I-N-isopropyl-iodoamphetamine (123I-IMP) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) showed decreased uptake in the right basal ganglia, frontal, and parietal regions. After electroencephalography (EEG) and a hyperventila...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionPICAD with ischemic stroke is likely under-diagnosed due to the following reasons; 1) patients present with neurological deficits that are non-specific and mild, 2) DSA, which is a gold standard of diagnosing PICAD is not regularly performed in these patients, 3) lack of predisposing factors associated with PICAD in some patients. The mild and non-specific clinical presentation in young adults with PICAD with ischemia probably due to their ability to compensate better given low incidences of other comorbidities. Further investigation regarding the underlying etiology of isolated PICAD, association of proximal PIC...
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Authors: Morinaga Y, Nii K, Sakamoto K, Inoue R, Mitsutake T, Hanada H Abstract Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH) is a clinical condition characterized by abnormal paroxysmal surges in sympathetic nervous system activity. PSH is known to occur after severe head injury and hypoxic encephalopathy. Cases of PSH that develop after stroke have been reported worldwide; however, PSH is not commonly reported in the field of stroke research in Japan. Some studies have suggested that gabapentin may improve the symptoms of PSH. To our knowledge, this is the first case report demonstrating the efficacy of trazodone fo...
Source: Drug Discoveries and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Discov Ther Source Type: research
ConclusionPICAD with ischemic stroke is likely under-diagnosed due to the following reasons; 1) patients present with neurological deficits that are non-specific and mild, 2) DSA, which is a gold standard of diagnosing PICAD is not regularly performed in these patients, 3) lack of predisposing factors associated with PICAD in some patients. The mild and non-specific clinical presentation in young adults with PICAD with ischemia probably due to their ability to compensate better given low incidences of other comorbidities. Further investigation regarding the underlying etiology of isolated PICAD, association of proximal PIC...
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Conclusions: Up to date, no data about PCIS and IVT are available from RTCs. Based on limited results from retrospective clinical studies and case series, IVT is safer for use in PCIS than in ACIS. Patients with brainstem ischemia, vertebral artery occlusion, and absence of basilar or posterior cerebral artery occlusion could be considered for treatment with IVT even in borderline cases. Time to IVT in PCIS seems to be a less crucial factor than in ACIS. IVT for PCIS may be beneficial even after 4.5 h from symptom onset. Introduction History of Intravenous Thrombolysis—The Most Relevant Studies Intravenous t...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion The m.10191T>C mutation in the mtDNA of the complex I (CI) subunit of MTND3 results in the substitution of a highly conserved amino acid (p.Ser45Pro) within the ND3 protein, leading to CI dysfunction through impaired enzyme catalysis rather than impaired stability or assembly, causing a broad clinical spectrum of disorders (26). Patients with the m.10191T>C mutation are rare. In the present study, we report on a family of patients with the extremely rare adult-onset Leigh-like syndrome with the m.10191T>C mutation. Including the two patients from our reported family, the m.10191T>C mutation has bee...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
A 48-year-old woman spontaneously developed occipital pain, without any other neurological deficit. A brain magnetic resonance angiography showed narrowing, irregular dilatation, and aneurysmal formation in both the vertebral arteries (VA). According to these findings and the clinical course, we diagnosed the patient with spontaneous VA dissection. There was no finding suggesting cerebral infarction or subarachnoid hemorrhage. Three-dimensional T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging performed 27days after first onset of headache revealed a crescent-shaped high-intensity lesion in both the VA walls.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang H, Zheng L, Feng L Abstract Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a type of chronic cerebrovascular occlusion disease, which frequently occurs in East Asian populations, including pediatric and adult patients, and may lead to ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, headache, epilepsy or transient ischemic attack. To date, the underlying mechanisms of MMD have remained to be fully elucidated, but certain studies have indicated that genetic factors may be an important component of its development. Cerebral angiography is the best approach for diagnosing MMD. However, with technological advances, non-invasive techniques ar...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: In this cohort, severe deficits and cognitive symptoms at onset and an abnormal EEG were associated with a poor 6-month outcome.
Source: Neurology India - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
More News: Angiography | Brain | Headache | Hemorrhagic Stroke | Migraine | Neurology | Neurosurgery | Stroke