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Binge eating could be a brain disorder

Immune cells that may cause people to gorge on high-fat foods have been identified by University of California, San Francisco, researchers after trials using an experimental drug on mice.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Abstract Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent mental illnesses composed mainly of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorders. Anxiety disorders are another set of mental illnesses, with phobic disorder (PD) being the most prevalent disorder. ED and PD are highly comorbid. The aim of this study is to assess, in 131 individuals attending an outpatient clinic for different health issues, the level of fear related to situations generating avoidance such as in social anxiety and specific phobias according to the fear questionnaire (FQ), the level of disgust according to the disgust scale (DS-R) and the...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
Okun (2012).New England Journal of Medicine.Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus inParkinson's disease (PD) has been highly successful in controlling the motor symptoms of this disorder, which include tremor, slowed movement (akinesia), and muscle stiffness or rigidity. The figure above shows the electrode implantation procedure for PD, where a stimulating electrode is placed in either thesubthalamic nucleus, (STN), a tiny collection of neurons within the basal ganglia circuit, or in the internal segment of theglobus pallidus, another structure in the basal ganglia (Okun, 2012). DBS of the STN is more co...
Source: The Neurocritic - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: blogs
DiscussionThis clinical trial will result in more effective mindfulness-based interventions as a complementary treatment in primary care for people with overweight and obesity. If the findings of this study confirm the effectiveness of mindfulness programmes in this population, it will be possible to improve quality of life and health while optimising public resources and reaching a greater number of people. In addition, on the basis of the evaluation of the feasibility of implementing this intervention in primary care facilities, we expect to be able to suggest the intervention for incorporation into public policy.Trial r...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Impulsive personality traits refer to a group of self-reported dispositions about self-regulatory capacity, several of which have been linked to diverse forms of psychopathology. One of these is negative urgency (NUR), the propensity to act out when experiencing negative emotions, which has been linked to substance use disorders and eating disorders. However, few laboratory studies have investigated the extent to which self-reported NUR relates to an individual’s in vivo emotional and behavioral responses. Harmonizing two archival data sets on alcohol and high-energy-dense (HED) food motivation, the current study inv...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: The findings underline the close relationship between improvements in both starvation symptoms and eating disorder and general psychopathology and indicate the important role of refeeding in ameliorating both. PMID: 29737942 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Eating Disorders - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Disord Source Type: research
In conclusion, eating-related problems were substantially reduced in adolescents after undergoing gastric bypass. However, pre-operative BE seem to be associated with general mental health problems before and two years after surgery, including suicidal ideation. Pre-operative eating-related problems did not affect weight outcome and our results support existing guidance that BE should not be considered an exclusion criterion for bariatric surgery in adolescents. PMID: 29746881 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Appetite - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Appetite Source Type: research
Impulsivity refers to a multitude of behaviors that are poorly thought out, hasty, risky, and that lead to untoward functional consequences (Evenden, 1999; Stanford et al., 2016). Examples of impulse control disorders include gambling disorder, trichotillomania (hair pulling disorder), kleptomania (stealing), pyromania (fire-setting), intermittent explosive disorder, compulsive buying, compulsive sexual behavior, binge-eating disorder, and skin-picking disorder (Grant, 2008; McElroy et al., 1995).
Source: Psychiatry Research - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
You're reading 3-Step Guide To Stop Sabotage and Make Progress On Your Health, originally posted on Pick the Brain | Motivation and Self Improvement. If you're enjoying this, please visit our site for more inspirational articles. For the longest time, I struggled to get healthier – it seemed that I couldn’t lose weight or stick to my diet no matter what I tried. It seemed to me like I was sabotaging myself, that I had no willpower, self-control or discipline. Often, I wondered if I couldn’t even stop myself from eating a cookie, how was I going to do all the other amazing things that I wanted to accomplis...
Source: PickTheBrain | Motivation and Self Improvement - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: confidence depression diet featured happiness health and fitness motivation psychology success health hacks pickthebrain self improvement self sabotage Source Type: blogs
Abstract Although dietary restraint has been shown to be a robust predictor of binge eating among women, many women report elevated levels of dietary restraint but do not concurrently exhibit symptoms of binge eating. Moderating variables could therefore interact with dietary restraint to affect its relation to binge eating. One potential factor that may attenuate this relationship is eating-related self-efficacy, defined as the tendency to feel confident in the ability to control eating behaviour under a diverse set of circumstances (e.g., under negative affect, social conflicts). This cross-sectional study exami...
Source: Appetite - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Appetite Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Structural abnormalities in the frontoparietal and posterior cingulate regions comprising circuits that support control and attentional processes should be investigated as potential contributors to the maintenance of bulimia nervosa and useful targets for novel interventions. PMID: 29688871 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Psychiatry Neurosci Source Type: research
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