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Three-Zone Biosecurity Offers New Hope to Indonesian Farmers

James McGrane, FAO ECTAD Indonesia Team Leader, at his office in Jakarta. Credit: Kanis Dursin/IPSBy Kanis DursinJAKARTA, Indonesia, Jul 10 2017 (IPS)Poultry farmer Bambang Sutrisno Setiawan had long heard about biosecurity but never gave serious thought to it, even when the highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 forced him to cull thousands of his layer chickens in 2003 and 2009.Eighteen years into the business, however, Bambang, who is called Ilung by friends, is now converting his second farm into a three-zone biosecurity poultry with a strong conviction that it is the only way to save his business amid continued threats of bird flu and other animal diseases.Indonesia detected its first bird flu case in 2003. Since then, the H5N1 virus has killed millions of poultry in 32 of the country’s 34 provinces.“My second poultry biosecurity will soon operate, hopefully in July,” Ilung told IPS by phone from Semarang, Central Java, a one-hour flight east of the capital Jakarta, in mid-June.The 44-year-old has two poultry farms, each accommodating around 30,000 layers, and one day-old chick site that can hold 10,000 chicks.Ilung converted one of his farms into biosecurity poultry in November 2015 after attending seminars and trainings organized by local Livestock and Animal Health Services and Food and Agriculture Organization’s Emergency Center for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD).Three-zone biosecurity is one of programs ECTAD Indonesia is promoting to ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Asia-Pacific Economy & Trade Featured Food & Agriculture Headlines Health Projects avian flu biosafety Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Improving the lives of rural populations: better nutrition & agricultu Source Type: news

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Summary Influenza A virus (IAV) is a major zoonotic pathogen that threatens global public health. Novel strains of influenza A viruses pose a significant risk to public health due to their pandemic potential, and transmission of influenza A viruses from animals to humans is an important mechanism in the generation and introduction of IAVs that threaten human health. The purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to develop realā€life training scenarios to better inform swine exhibitors of the risks they may encounter when influenza A viruses are present in swine. Educational activities were implemented in five Oh...
Source: Zoonoses and Public Health - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
This study looked at the risks of adverse birth outcomes associated with in utero exposure to 2 neuraminidase inhibitors: oseltamivir and zanamivir.
Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Epidemiologic Reports Surveys Source Type: research
(Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017;216(1):34.e1–34.e5) The Zika virus epidemic raised many questions in relation to birth defects in infants born to mothers infected with Zika. This included whether the risk of adverse outcomes could be reduced after infection. During both the 2009 H1N1 pandemic and the 2014 to 2015 Ebola epidemic, there were missed opportunities to involve pregnant women in research to better understand poor neonatal outcomes or the effects of antiviral medications on pregnant women and neonates.
Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Short Takes Source Type: research
Flu season is upon us, and with it a chance to test out my persuasion skills on a deeply skeptical public. Consider this recent patient of mine, a young man in college who came in for an ankle sprain. “While you’re here, why not get a flu shot?” I asked. He looked at me as if I were a car mechanic offering a few more add-ons to his maintenance exam. Continue reading ... Your patients are rating you online: How to respond. Manage your online reputation: A social media guide. Find out how.
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Physician Infectious Disease Primary Care Public Health & Policy Source Type: blogs
Authors: Chapman B, Sol Erdozaim M, Powell D Abstract Often during an outbreak of foodborne illness, there are health officials who have data indicating that there is a risk prior to notifying the public. During the lag period between the first public health signal and some release of public information, there are decision makers who are weighing evidence with the impacts of going public. Multiple agencies and analysts have lamented that there is not a common playbook or decision tree for how public health agencies determine what information to release and when. Regularly, health authorities suggest that how and wh...
Source: Journal of Environmental Health - Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Health Source Type: research
AbstractA recent publication by Carvalho et al. in “Virus Genes” (June 2017) reported the presence of the new variant of rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV2) in the two larger islands of the archipelago of Madeira. Based on the capsid protein sequence, the authors suggested that the high sequence identity, along with the short time spanning between outbreaks, points to dissemination from Porto Santo to Madeira. By including information of the full RHDV2 genome of strains from Azores, Madeira, and the Canary Islands, we confirm the results obtained by Carvalho et al., but further show that several subtypes o...
Source: Virus Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
In this study, a mathematical model is developed to describe the transmission dynamics of capripoxvirus (CaPV) among livestock. This proposed model incorporates direct and indirect transmission of CaPV, together with two vaccination strategies, to investigate their effects on the severity of outbreaks and the prevalence of CaPV among the livestock population. The results suggest that ratio of potential vectors to livestock, successful probability of infection, vaccination rates, waning rate of vaccine-conferred protection, and virus introduction time play crucial roles in determining the outbreak severity and the prevalenc...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
AbstractGlobal seafood provides almost 20% of all animal protein in diets, and aquaculture is, despite weakening trends, the fastest growing food sector worldwide. Recent increases in production have largely been achieved through intensification of existing farming systems, resulting in higher risks of disease outbreaks. This has led to increased use of antimicrobials (AMs) and consequent antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in many farming sectors, which may compromise the treatment of bacterial infections in the aquaculture species itself and increase the risks of AMR in humans through zoonotic diseases or through the transfer...
Source: Sustainability Science - Category: Science Source Type: research
Authors: Krunkosky M, García M, Beltran Garza LG, Karpuzoglu-Belgin E, Levin J, Williams RJ, Gogal RM Abstract Characterizing the immune cells of the head associated lymphoid tissues (HALT) and trachea during maturation in young birds is critical to understanding the immunological responses to avian respiratory diseases and vaccines. Selected mucosal leukocytes of the conjunctiva-associated lymphoid tissue (CALT), Harderian gland (HG), nasal associated lymphoid tissue (NALT) and trachea from 4, 6, 8 and 10-week-old chickens were enumerated and phenotyped. HG, NALT, and trachea cellularity increased as the bi...
Source: Journal of Immunoassay and Immunochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Tags: J Immunoassay Immunochem Source Type: research
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
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