Three-Zone Biosecurity Offers New Hope to Indonesian Farmers
James McGrane, FAO ECTAD Indonesia Team Leader, at his office in Jakarta. Credit: Kanis Dursin/IPSBy Kanis DursinJAKARTA, Indonesia, Jul 10 2017 (IPS)Poultry farmer Bambang Sutrisno Setiawan had long heard about biosecurity but never gave serious thought to it, even when the highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 forced him to cull thousands of his layer chickens in 2003 and 2009.Eighteen years into the business, however, Bambang, who is called Ilung by friends, is now converting his second farm into a three-zone biosecurity poultry with a strong conviction that it is the only way to save his business amid continued threats of bird flu and other animal diseases.Indonesia detected its first bird flu case in 2003. Since then, the H5N1 virus has killed millions of poultry in 32 of the country’s 34 provinces.“My second poultry biosecurity will soon operate, hopefully in July,” Ilung told IPS by phone from Semarang, Central Java, a one-hour flight east of the capital Jakarta, in mid-June.The 44-year-old has two poultry farms, each accommodating around 30,000 layers, and one day-old chick site that can hold 10,000 chicks.Ilung converted one of his farms into biosecurity poultry in November 2015 after attending seminars and trainings organized by local Livestock and Animal Health Services and Food and Agriculture Organization’s Emergency Center for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD).Three-zone biosecurity is one of programs ECTAD Indonesia is promoting to ...
Authors: Cerveró A, Sedano-Tous MJ, Madera J, López-de-Eguileta A, Casado A Abstract The case concerns a 26-year-old patient with bilateral recurrent optic neuritis episodes in the context of suspected neuromyelitis optica. In the first outbreak, she had greatly impaired visual acuity of the left eye, as well as seeing ganglion cell layer damage in both eyes in the optic coherence tomography, with evidence of a possible extensive lesion in the optic chiasma. Likewise, MRI with contrast showed a great involvement of the left optic nerve that compromises the chiasma increasing the suspicion of a neuromy...
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Katherine TierneyAbstractRacial disparities in outcomes of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are well-documented, and evidence of racial disparities in other forms of fertility treatments has also been observed. To date, much of the research on these disparities has focused on individual-level causes. This paper contextualizes these disparities using the weathering hypothesis. Using the National Survey of Family Growth and exploratory analyses of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, this study evaluates ...
ConclusionsHigher concentrations of triclosan, BP-3, and propyl, butyl, ethyl, and methyl parabens were associated with lower odds of diabetes. These findings warrant further investigation into the potential mechanism behind the observed associations and the temporal direction of the associations, given that we cannot rule out reverse causation. Future studies of these endocrine disruptors may improve the understanding of their relationship with diabetes.
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