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Confirmation of recent heroin abuse: accepting the challenge - Maas A, Madea B, Hess C.

Confirmation or exclusion of recent heroin consumption is still one of the major challenges for forensic and clinical toxicologists. A great variety of biomarkers is available for heroin abuse confirmation, including various opium alkaloids (e.g. morphine,...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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Conclusion: Proactive and targeted intervention strategies against psychoactive substance use among people living with HIV/AIDS using what is known about vulnerability are implied. Further research on the complex relationship between HIV/AIDS and psychoactive substance use is indicated. PMID: 29148637 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research
Conclusion/Importance: Implications for the timing of web-based alcohol interventions to include administration prior to both first and second semesters of the freshman year are discussed. PMID: 29148929 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
Conclusion UPLC-ELSD is a simple, reliable and effective method for analysis of the sweet chemicals in wolfberries. Wolfberry fruits at the different ripening stages were significant different in sweetness. L. truncatum and L. dasystemum could be the potential sources of wolfberry fruit sources.
Source: Chinese Herbal Medicines - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2017 Source:The Lancet Global Health, Volume 5, Issue 12 Author(s): Louisa Degenhardt, Amy Peacock, Samantha Colledge, Janni Leung, Jason Grebely, Peter Vickerman, Jack Stone, Evan B Cunningham, Adam Trickey, Kostyantyn Dumchev, Michael Lynskey, Paul Griffiths, Richard P Mattick, Matthew Hickman, Sarah Larney Background Sharing of equipment used for injecting drug use (IDU) is a substantial cause of disease burden and a contributor to blood-borne virus transmission. We did a global multistage systematic review to identify the prevalence of IDU among people aged 15–64 years; sociodemographi...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2017 Source:The Lancet Global Health, Volume 5, Issue 12 Author(s): Sarah Larney, Amy Peacock, Janni Leung, Samantha Colledge, Matthew Hickman, Peter Vickerman, Jason Grebely, Kostyantyn V Dumchev, Paul Griffiths, Lindsey Hines, Evan B Cunningham, Richard P Mattick, Michael Lynskey, John Marsden, John Strang, Louisa Degenhardt Background People who inject drugs (PWID) are a key population affected by the global HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemics. HIV and HCV prevention interventions for PWID include needle and syringe programmes (NSP), opioid substitution therapy (OST), HIV counselling an...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2017 Source:Reactive and Functional Polymers, Volume 121 Author(s): Tirunagari Harini, Shalini Basetty, Lakshmi Swarnalatha Jasti, Kuna Lavanya, Nitin W. Fadnavis Commercially available epoxy activated polymers Immobeads and Dilbeads were functionalized to 1,2-amino alcohol derivatives and screened for binding and release of soybean trypsin inhibitor (SBTI) and lipoxygenase (LOX) in soymilk. Moderately hydrophobic polymer DILBEAD-VWR functionalized with diethylamine (DIL-DEA) was found to bind SBTI and LOX (3.5±0.3mg·g−1) without causing protein denaturation. Bound proteins w...
Source: Reactive and Functional Polymers - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore the effects of polysaccharides of Citrus grandis L. Osbeck (PCG) in relieving chronic pharyngitis and illustrate the underlying mechanisms. Polysaccharides were obtained from PCG by column chromatographic extraction. Six clinical symptom scores, such as the severity of itchy throat, hoarseness, pain, odynophagia, cough and otalgia were evaluated in chronic pharyngitis patients after the oral intake of PCG. The effects of polysaccharides on chronic pharyngitis were investigated in ammonia-stimulated rabbits through pathology analysis. The levels of inflammatory markers in the peripheral blood T c...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsBy understanding the drivers of increases in alcohol use after WLS, precision-targeted pre- and post-surgical counseling interventions can be developed to address this emerging concern.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015. DESCRIPTION OF DATA: The National Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) collects information through face-to-fa...
Source: MMWR Recomm Rep - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: Am J Transplant Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn this large cohort of Korean men and women, participants with NAFLD exhibited increased incidence of reflux esophagitis independent of possible confounders, suggesting that NAFLD contributes to the development of reflux esophagitis.
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
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