Confirmation of recent heroin abuse: accepting the challenge - Maas A, Madea B, Hess C.

Confirmation or exclusion of recent heroin consumption is still one of the major challenges for forensic and clinical toxicologists. A great variety of biomarkers is available for heroin abuse confirmation, including various opium alkaloids (e.g. morphine,...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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By ANISH KOKA   The year was 1965, the place was Boston Children’s and a surgery resident named Robert Bartlett took his turn at the bedside of a just born baby unable to breathe.  This particular baby couldn’t breathe because of a hole in the diaphragm that had allowed the intestines to travel up into the thoracic cage, and prevent normal development of the lungs.  In 1965, Robert Bartlett was engaged in the cutting edge treatment of the time – squeeze a bag that forced oxygenated air into tiny lungs and hope there was enough functioning lung tissue to participate in gas exchange to allow ...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: blogs
fromBalloon Analog Risk Task (BART)– Joggle Research for iPadRisk taking andrisk preference1 are complex constructs measured byself-report questionnaires ( “propensity”), laboratory tasks, and the frequency of real-life behaviors (smoking, alcohol use, etc).  A recent mega-study of 1507 healthy adults byFrey et al. (2017) measured risk preference using six questionnaires (and their subscales), eight behavioral tasks, and six frequency measures of real-life behavior.Table 1 (Frey et al., 2017).Risk-taking measures used in the Basel-Berlin Risk Study.-- click on image for a larger view --The authors we...
Source: The Neurocritic - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: blogs
Authors: Yousry C, Amin MM, Elshafeey AH, El Gazayerly ON Abstract Controlled-release multiparticulate systems of hydrophilic drugs usually suffer from poor encapsulation and rapid-release rate. In the present study, ultra-high loaded controlled release polymeric beads containing verapamil hydrochloride (VP) as hydrophilic model drug were efficiently prepared using superamphiphobic substrates aiming to improve patient compliance by reducing dosing frequency. Superamphiphobic substrates were fabricated using clean aluminum sheets etched with ammonia solution and were treated with 1.5% (w/v) perfluorodecyltriethoxysi...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
In a decision that I applaud, NIH Director Dr. Francis Collins announced yesterday that based on the recommendation of his Advisory Committee after an extensive investigation, he is discontinuing the MACH15 (Moderate Alcohol and Cardiovascular Health) clinical trial of moderate alcohol consumption (see original news reportshere andhere).In itsreport, the NIH Advisory Committee to the Director concluded as follows:" To understand the context that led NIAAA to embark on the MACH trial, the ACD WG considered the nature and extent of interactions among NIAAA staff, select extramural investigators, and industry representat...
Source: The Rest of the Story: Tobacco News Analysis and Commentary - Category: Addiction Source Type: blogs
DEMENTIA describes damage to the brain ’s nerve cells. It is caused by both factors we cannot control, such as ageing and family history of the condition, and factors we can such as heart health and smoking. Drinking alcohol heavily may increase your risk of dementia.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
The relationship between alcohol and the violent behavior, expressed as branches of hooliganism, is receiving considerable theoretical attention in social and psychological literature along the past decades while empirical researches on that matter are tak...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
The article offers an introduction into the myriad of social functions sport and physical culture had during the Yugoslav socialist project. It illustrates how sport was central to the establishment of the federation's physical and leisure culture in the e...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Abstract Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory condition of the pancreas manifesting with abdominal pain and elevated serum levels of pancreatic enzymes. Gallstones and chronic alcohol use are the most commonly described causes. A less studied cause is cholesterolosis, gallbladder polyps that cause mechanical obstruction of the sphincter of Oddi. Here, we present the case of a 55-year-old woman who presented with acute pancreatitis and was found to have cholesterol polyps in her gallbladder with no evidence of gallstones. The patient underwent cholecystectomy with complete resolution of her symptoms. PMID: 29904299 [PubMed]
Source: Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) Source Type: research
SATURDAY, June 16, 2018 -- You'd better think twice before taking booze to the beach or out on a boat. Alcohol increases the risk of injury and death in and on the water, safety experts warn. For example, alcohol is a factor in up to 70 percent of...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
Officials halt government study on moderate drinking funded by alcohol industryThe New York Times reports: “The extensive government trial was intended to settle an age-old question about alcohol and diet: Does a daily cocktail or beer really protect against heart attacks and stroke?To find out, the National Institutes of Health gave scientists $100 million to fund a global study comparing people who drink with those who don ’t. Its conclusions could have enshrined alcohol as part of a healthy diet.As it turned out, much of the money for the study came from the alcohol industry. Earlier this year, The New York ...
Source: Addiction Inbox - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: blogs
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