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A prospective study on acute poisonings presenting to the Emergency Department at Landspitali University Hospital in Iceland 2012 - Gudjonsdottir GA, Thordardottir AM, Kristinsson J.

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study was to assess the incidence and type of toxic exposures presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) at Landspitali University Hospital in Iceland over one year and compare the results to another study performed eleven...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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Authors: Xu S, Wang Q, Liu J, Bian B, Yu X, Yu X, Ning X, Wang J Abstract The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) has increased worldwide, although their prevalence and determinants among Tibetans are currently unknown. We thus aimed to explore the prevalence of and risk factors for DM and IGT among Tibetans in China. In 2011, 1659 Tibetan adults (aged ≥ 18 years) from Changdu, China, were recruited to this cross-sectional study. They completed a questionnaire and underwent physical examinations and laboratory testing to assess risk factors for DM and IGT. The age-standardiz...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Authors: Fu R, Mei Q, Zuo W, Li J, Gregor D, Bekker A, Ye J Abstract It is unclear how social drinking can contribute to the development of addiction in susceptible individuals. However, alcohol's aversive properties are a well-known factor contributing to its abuse. The lateral habenula (LHb) is a key brain structure responding to various aversive stimuli, including those related to alcohol. We recently reported that ethanol at 10 mM or less that can be achieved by social drinking activates many LHb neurons and drives aversive conditioning. The current study sought to identify LHb circuits that are activated by a ...
Source: International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology - Category: Physiology Tags: Int J Physiol Pathophysiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
Authors: Day G, Holck P, Strayer H, Koller K, Thomas T Abstract We compared rates of unintentional injury (UI) deaths (total and by injury category) among Alaska Native (AN) people to rates of U.S. White (USW) and Alaska White (AKW) populations during 2006-2015. The mortality data for AN and AKW populations were obtained from Alaska Bureau of Vital Statistics and USW mortality data were obtained from WISQARS, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention online injury data program. AN and AKW rates were age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 Standard Population and rate ratios (RR) were calculated. AN people had higher age-...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research
BY STEVEN FINDLAY The resurgent debate about President Trump’s mental health prompts me to update a piece I wrote for THCB last June. That piece drew lively comments and debate. It’s also the one-year mark of the Trump presidency. As The New York Times editorial page recently asked, bluntly, on Jan. 11: “Is Mr. Trump Nuts?” Since last summer, that question has gained more traction and spurred more earnest debate. The results from Trump’s medical and “cognitive” exam on Jan 12 are unlikely to quell concern.   (More about those results below.) Nearly every major newspaper ...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized APA Bandy X. Lee Steven Findlay The Dangerous Case of Donald Trump Source Type: blogs
The objective of this work was thus to formulate a microemulsion-based washing agent for the removal of residual rice bran oil from SBE using the hydrophilic–lipophilic deviation (HLD) concept. The HLD equation was used to calculate the optimum salinity at various temperatures in the washing agent solution based on the alkane carbon number (ACN) of the rice bran oil. Three fatty alcohol ethoxylate surfactants (Dehydol LS series) were selected for use as nonionic surfactants. From the HLD equation and phase experiments, Dehydol LS3TH was selected to formulate the microemulsion-based washing agent for oil recovery from...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
I define bad healthcare IT as:... IT that is ill-suited to purpose, hard to use, unreliable, loses data or provides incorrect data, is difficult and/or prohibitively expensive to customize to the needs of different medical specialists and subspecialists, causes cognitive overload, slows rather than facilitates users, lacks appropriate alerts, creates the need for hypervigilance (i.e., towards avoiding IT-related mishaps) that increases stress, is lacking in security, lacks evidentiary soundness, compromises patient privacy or otherwise demonstrates suboptimal design and/or implementation. (http://cci.drexel.edu/faculty/ssi...
Source: Health Care Renewal - Category: Health Management Tags: bad health IT healthcare IT amateur KevinMD Niran S. Al-Agba Source Type: blogs
Happy Saturday, sweet readers! So, you’ve heard of mental health days, right? Well, I’m taking a mental health weekend. Earlier this week, I realized I was headed toward a weekend with no plans, no leftover work, and no obligations of any sort. “Hmm…what am I going to do?” was all-too-easy to answer. “NOTHING!” Well, I’ll be doing some reading, maybe work on a story, probably continue on with my second binge of Peaky Blinders — but the point is, I have a weekend of absolutely no personal or professional obligations and when I realized that, I also realized it’d...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Children and Teens Men's Issues Policy and Advocacy Psychology Around the Net Research Self-Esteem Sleep Confidence Daniel Johnston Gun Control improve sleep marijuana study Masculinity Mass Shootings Sleep Deprivation Sleep Source Type: blogs
iso Sifunda The possibility for all babies to be born and remain HIV-negative for the first year of life is achievable in South Africa. HIV-positive mothers’ adherence to their antiretroviral medication is one of the crucial factors to achieve this target. Cross-sectional data were collected at 12 community health centres, over 12 months (2014–2015), from 673 HIV-positive women, less than 6 months pregnant, attending antenatal care, and on Option B treatment. Adherence measures included the Adults AIDS Clinical Trials Group (AACTG) four-day measure, as well as the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) seven-day measure...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusions Our study demonstrates that MSU crystals are readily detectable under polarization on direct smears with or without staining. FNA cytology can serve as an alternative to core needle biopsy or synovial biopsy in not only confirming a diagnosis of tophaceous gout, but also in eliminating a diagnosis of soft tissue sarcoma in those patients where clinical and/or radiologic features were concerning for malignancy.
Source: Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
This study further evaluated the usefulness of dried blood spot (DBS) samples collected on filter paper for PEth measurement. Specimens used were surplus volumes of venous whole blood sent for routine LC–MS/MS quantification of PEth 16:0/18:1, the major PEth homolog. DBS samples were prepared by pipetting blood on Whatman 903 Protein Saver Cards and onto a volumetric DBS device (Capitainer). The imprecision (CV) of the DBS sample amount based on area and weight measurements of spot punches were 23–28%. Investigation of the relationship between blood hematocrit and PEth concentration yielded a linear, positive c...
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
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