Characterization of biofilm formation, antimicrobial resistance, and staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec analysis of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus hominis from blood cultures of children

CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that MRSHo with high antibiotic resistance and unknown SCCmec might become a serious problem in the future for the treatment of patients such as children.
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

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ConclusionThis study highlights an increase in the number and types of mutations in the QRDRs ofgyrA and parC associated with high fluoroquinolones MICs that may be related to changes in the epidemiological profile of MRSA isolates from hospitals in Rio de Janeiro.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsOverall, AMPs could represent the next generation of antimicrobial agents for a prophylactic or therapeutic tool to control biofilm of antibiotic-resistant and/or biofilm-associated infections on different medical devices.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe Staphylococcus epidermidis group was prevalent among PSBs, and multiple resistant staphylococci were determined in this study. The diversity of SCCmec elements was observed, and PSBs may act as the reservoir for antimicrobial pathogenic bacteria. Moreover, additional studies are necessary to systematically understand the prevalence and molecular epidemiology of methicillin-resistant staphylococci in PSBs.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Molecular diagnostic tests can be used to provide rapid identification of staphylococcal species in blood culture bottles to help improve antimicrobial stewardship. However, alterations in the target nucleic acid sequences of the microorganisms or their antimicrobial resistance genes can lead to false-negative results. We determined the whole-genome sequences of 4 blood culture isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and 2 control organisms to understand the genetic basis of genotype-phenotype discrepancies when using the Xpert MRSA/SA BC test (in vitro diagnostic medical device [IVD]). Three methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRS...
Source: Journal of Clinical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Bacteriology Source Type: research
Abstract The association of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) with climatic factors gained higher attention since resistance increased with increasing local temperatures in the USA. We aimed to investigate whether the explanatory strength of climatic factors holds true in a region encompassing diverse healthcare systems, like Europe. In particular, we determined whether exposure to temporal climate warming is associated with an increase in AMR prevalence for clinically relevant pathogens. A 30-country cross-sectional study was conducted. The six-year prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA), K...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research
Authors: Yu H, Wang Y, Wang X, Guo J, Wang H, Zhang H, Du F Abstract Bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents, including multidrug resistance, is an increasing problem in the treatment of infectious diseases. The development of resistance-modifying agents represents a potential strategy to alleviate the spread of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. A checkerboard microdilution assay was used to determine the synergy of jatrorrhizine and the antibiotic, norfloxacin (NFX). A bacterial ethidium bromide efflux assay, reverse transcription semi-quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis and molecular docking s...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe partial ineffectiveness of incubators ’ disinfection procedures is responsible for persistence of NRCS-A inside a NICU, and the passive hand contamination of caregivers could be involved in the inter-patient transmission ofS. capitis.
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In this study, there was a high prevalence of the EMRSA-15 clone presenting multiple resistances in diabetic foot ulcers making these infections complicated to treat leading to a higher morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients.
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
ConclusionMRSA strain Lr12 has a novel sequence type (ST5352) and could be used as a reference strain for comparative genomic analysis of other MRSA strains belong to ST5352.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionWGS can be used as a reliable predicator of phenotypic resistance both for MRSA and VRE using readily available online tools.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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